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Publications

For a complete list of publications by Professor Tim Clutton-Brock please see his Google Scholar Profile.

For copies of articles please use Pubmed or Google Scholar or contact P. Roth.

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Like many other field ecologists, Prof. Clutton-Brock only authors research papers with his PhD students if he has contributed directly to the collection of the data used.  For papers published by current members of the group please check their respective personal websites.

Selected papers produced by his PhD students arising from work in his group are listed below. The list of former members provides information on their current positions.

 

A P BALMFORD

Balmford, A., I.L. Jones & A.L.R. Thomas. 1994. How to compensate for costly sexually-selected tails: the origin of sexually dimorphic wings in long-tailed birds. Evolution 48: 1062-1070.

Balmford, A., A.L.R. Thomas & I.L. Jones. 1993. Aerodynamics and the evolution of long tails in birds. Nature 361: 628-630.

Balmford, A., I.L. Jones & A.L.R. Thomas. 1993. On avian asymmetry: evidence of natural selection for symmetrical wings and tails in birds. Proc. R. Soc. Lond., B. 252: 245-251.

Balmford, A., L. Bartos, P. Brotherton, H. Herrman, J. Lancingerova, J. Mika & U. Zeeb. 1993. When to stop lekking: density-related variation in the rutting behaviour of sika deer. J. Zool., Lond. 231: 652-656.

Balmford, A. & A. Thomas. 1992. Swallowing ornamental asymmetry. Nature  359: 487.

Balmford, A., N. Leader-Williams & M.J.B. Green. 1992. Protected areas of Afrotropical forest: history, status and prospects. Pages 69-80 in Tropical Rain Forests - an Atlas for Conservation. Vol. II  - Africa   (eds M. Collins, J.A. Sayer), MacMillan, London.

Georgiadis, N. & A. Balmford. 1992. The calculus of conserving biodiversity. Trends Ecol. Evol.  7: 321-322.

Balmford, A., A. Rosser & S.D. Albon. 1992. Correlates of female choice in resource-defending antelope. Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol.  31: 107-114.

Balmford, A. & M. Turyaho. 1992. Predation risk and lek-breeding in Uganda kob. Anim. Behav.  44: 117-127.

Balmford, A., S.D. Albon & S. Blakeman. 1992. Correlates of male mating success and female choice in a lek-breeding antelope. Behav. Ecol. 3: 112-123.

Balmford, A. 1992. Social dispersion and lekking in Uganda kob. Behaviour  120: 177-191.

Balmford, A. & A.F. Read. 1991. Testing alternative models of sexual selection through female choice. Trends Ecol. Evol.  6: 274-276.

Balmford, A. 1991. Mate choice on leks. Trends Ecol. Evol.  6: 87-92.

Balmford, A. & S. Blakeman. 1991. Horn and body size of topi in relation to a variable mating system. Afr. J. Ecol. 29: 37-42.

Pemberton, J.M. & A.P. Balmford. 1987. Lekking in fallow deer. J. Zool., Lond.  213: 762-765.

M B V BELL

Bell, M.B.V., Radford, A.N., Rose, R., Wade, H. & Ridley, A.R (2009) The value of constant surveillance in a risky environment. Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. B 276, 729-735.

Bell, M.B.V. (2008) Receiver identity modifies begging intensity independent of need in banded mongoose (Mungos mungo) pups. Behav. Ecol. 19, 1087-1094.

Bell, M.B.V. (2008) Strategic investment of begging effort by banded mongoose pups. Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. B. 275, 1313-1319.

Bell, M.B.V. (2007) Cooperative begging in banded mongoose pups. Current Biology 17, 717-721.

Cant, M.A., Bell, M.B.V., Gilchrist, J.S., Nichols, H. & Hodge S.J. Reproductive control via eviction (but not the threat of eviction) in banded mongooses. Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. B. in press.

Ridley, A.R., Raihani, N.J. & Bell, M.B.V. Experimental evidence that sentinel behaviour is affected by risk. Biol. Lett. In press.

Radford, A.N., Hollen, L.I. & Bell, M.B.V. (2009) The higher the better: sentinel height influences foraging success in a social bird. Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. B 276, 2437-2442.

Hodge, S.J., Bell, M.B.V., Mwanguhya, F., Kyabulima, S., Waldick, R.C. & Russell, A.F. (2009) Maternal weight, offspring competitive ability, and the evolution of communal breeding. Behav. Ecol. 20, 729-735.

Muller, C.A. & Bell, M.B.V. (2009) Kidnapping and infanticide between groups of banded mongooses. Mammalian Biology 74: 315-318.

Hollen, L.I., Bell, M.B.V. & Radford, A.N. (2008) Cooperative sentinel calling? Foragers gain increased biomass intake. Current Biology 18, 576-579.

Ridley, A.R., Child, M.F. & Bell, M.B.V. (2007) Interspecific audience effects on the alarm calling behaviour of a kleptoparasitic bird. Biol. Lett. 3, 589-591.

Manser, M.B. & Bell, M.B.V. (2004) Spatial representation of shelter locations in meerkats, Suricata suricatta. Anim. Behav. 68, 151-157.

Manser, M.B., Bell, M.B.V. & Fletcher, L.B. (2001) The information that receivers extract from alarm calls in suricates. Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. B. 268, 2485-2491.


P N M BROTHERTON

Brotherton PNM & Rhodes A (1996)  Monogamy without biparental care in a dwarf antelope. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B. 263: 23-29.

Brotherton PNM, Pemberton JM, Komers PE & Malarkey G (1997) Genetic and behavioural evidence of monogamy in a mammal, Kirk’s dik-dik (Madoqua kirkii). Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B. 264: 675-681.

Brotherton PNM & Manser MB (1997) Female dispersion and the evolution of monogamy in the dik-dik. Anim. Behav. 54: 1413-1424.

Brotherton PNM, Clutton-Brock TH, O’Riain MJ, Gaynor D, Sharpe L, Kansky R & McIlrath GM  (2001) Offspring food allocation by parents and helpers in a cooperative mammal. Behavioural Ecology 12: 590-599.

Brotherton PNM & Komers RE (2003) Mate guarding and the evolution of social monogamy in mammals. In: Monogamy - Mating strategies and partnerships in birds, humans and other mammals (eds. UH Riechard & C Boesch). Cambridge.

Balmford AP, Bartos L & Brotherton PNM (1993)  When to stop lekking: density-related variation in the rutting behaviour of sika deer.  J. Zool., Lond. 231: 652-656.

Komers PE & Brotherton PNM (1997)  Dung pellets can be used to identify home ranges in dik-dik.  Afr. J. Ecol. 35: 124-132.

Komers PE & Brotherton PNM (1997) Female space use is the best predictor of monogamy in mammals. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B. 264: 1261-1270.

Manser MB & Brotherton PNM (1995)  Environmental constraints on the foraging behaviour of a dwarf antelope (Madoqua kirkii).  Oecologia  102: 404-412.

M A CANT

Cant, M.A. 2003. Patterns of helping effort in cooperatively breeding banded mongooses (Mungos mungo). Journal of Zoology 259: 115-121.

Cant, M.A., Otali, E., & Mwanguhya, F. 2002. Fighting and mating between groups in a cooperatively breeding mammal, the banded mongoose. Ethology 108: 541-555.

Cant, M.A., Otali, E., & Mwanguhya, F. 2001. Eviction and dispersal in cooperatively breeding banded mongooses (Mungos mungo). Journal of Zoology 254: 155-162.

Cant, M.A. & Johnstone, R.A. 2000. Power struggles, dominance testing, and reproductive skew. American Naturalist, 155: 406-417.

Cant, M.A. 2000. Social control of reproduction in banded mongooses. Animal Behaviour 59: 147-158.

Cant, M.A. & Johnstone, R.A.1999. Costly young and reproductive skew in animal societies. Behavioral Ecology, 10: 178-184.

Johnstone, R.A., Woodroffe, R., Cant, M.A., Wright, J. 1999. Reproductive skew in multi-member groups. American Naturalist  153: 315-331.

Johnstone, R.A. & Cant, M.A. 1999. Reproductive skew and the threat of eviction: a new perspective. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B. 266, 275-279.

Johnstone, R.A. & Cant, M.A. 1999. Indiscriminate infanticide and reproductive skew. Animal Behaviour 57:     243-249.

Cant, M.A. 1998. A model for the evolution of reproductive skew without reproductive suppression. Animal Behaviour 55: 163-169.

L CONRADT

Conradt L, 1999. Social segregation is not a consequence of habitat segregation in red deer and feral soay sheep. Animal Behaviour 57:1151-1157.

Conradt L, 1998. Could asynchrony in activity between the sexes cause intersexual social segregation in ruminants? Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B-Biological Sciences 265:1359-1363.

Conradt L, 1998. Measuring the degree of sexual segregation in group-living animals. Journal of Animal Ecology 67:217-226.

R COONEY

Cooney R (2002) Colony defence in Damaraland mole-rats, Cryptomys damarensis. Behavioral Ecology 13(2): 160-162

Cooney R & Bennett NC (2000) Inbreeding avoidance and reproductive skew in a cooperative mammal. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B 267: 801-806

Cooney R (1998) The Damaraland mole-rat: social life in the Kalahari Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 53: 219-225.

J C DEUTSCH

Johnstone, R.A., Reynolds, J.D., Deutsch, J.C.  1996.  Mutual mate choice and sex differences in choosiness.  Evolution 50, 1382-1391.

Deutsch, J.C., Reynolds, J.D.  1995.  Design and sexual selection: the evolution of sex differences in mate choice.  In Perspectives in Ethology, Vol 11 (N. Thompson, ed.), 297-324.  London: Plenum.

Deutsch, J. C.  1994.  Uganda kob mating success does not increase on larger leks.  Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 34, 451-459.

Deutsch, J.C., Ofezu, A.A.  1994.  Uganda kob reproductive seasonality: optimal calving seasons or condition-dependent oestrus?  African Journal of Ecology 32, 283-295.

Balmford, A., Deutsch, J.C., Nefdt, R.J.C.  1993.  Testing hotspot models of lek evolution: data from three species of ungulates.  Behavioral ecology and sociobiology 33, 57-65.

Deutsch, J.C., Nefdt, R.J.C.  1992.  Olfactory cues influence female choice in two lek-breeding antelopes.  Nature 356, 596-598.

Deutsch, J.C., Weeks, P.  1992.  Uganda kob prefer high visibility leks and territories.  Behavioral Ecology 3, 223-233.

J A DREWE

Drewe, J.A. (2010) Who infects whom? Social networks and tuberculosis transmission in wild meerkats. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 277, 633-642.

Drewe, J.A., Madden, J.R. and Pearce, G.P. (2009) The social network structure of a wild meerkat population: 1. Inter-group interactions. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 63, 1295-1306.

Drewe, J.A., Dean, G.S., Michel, A.L., Lyashchenko, K.P, Greenwald, R. and Pearce, G.P. (2009) Accuracy of three diagnostic tests for determining Mycobacterium bovis infection status in live-sampled wild meerkats (Suricata suricatta). Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation 21, 31-39.

Drewe, J.A., Foote, A.K., Sutcliffe, R.L. and Pearce, G.P. (2009) Pathology of Mycobacterium bovis infection in wild meerkats (Suricata suricatta). Journal of Comparative Pathology 140, 12-24.

J D J GILBERT

Gilbert, J. D. J., Manica, A. (in press) Parental care trade-offs and life history relationships in insects.  American Naturalist.

Gilbert, J. D. J., Manica, A. (2009) Brood conspicuousness and clutch viability in male-caring assassin bugs (Rhinocoris tristis). Ecological Entomology 34 (2): 176-182.

J S GILCHRIST

Gilchrist, J.S. 2008. Aggressive monopolization of mobile carers by young of a cooperative breeder. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B-Biological Sciences, 275, 2491-2498. doi:10.1098/rspb.2008.0597

Gilchrist, J.S., Otali, E. & Mwanguhya, F. 2008. Caregivers recognize and bias response towards individual young in a cooperative breeding mammal, the banded mongoose. Journal of Zoology. 275, 41-46. DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-7998.2007.00405.x

Gilchrist, J.S. 2007. Cooperative behaviour in cooperative breeders: Costs, benefits, and communal breeding. Behavioural Processes. 76, 100-105. DOI: 10.1016/j.beproc.2006.12.013

Gilchrist, J.S. & Russell, A.F. 2007. Who cares? Individual contributions to pup care by breeders v’s nonbreeders in the cooperatively breeding banded mongoose (Mungos mungo). Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 61, 1053-1060. DOI: 10.1007/s00265-006-0338-2

Gilchrist, J.S. 2006. Female eviction, abortion, and infanticide in banded mongooses (Mungos mungo): implications for social control of reproduction and synchronized parturition. Behavioral Ecology, 17: 664-669. DOI: 10.1093/beheco/ark012

Gilchrist, J.S. 2006. Reproductive success in a low skew, communal breeding mammal: the banded mongoose, Mungos mungo. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 60: 854-863. DOI: 10.1007/s00265-006-0229-6

Otali, E. & Gilchrist, J.S. 2006. Why chimpanzee mothers are less gregarious than males: the infant-safety hypothesis. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 59, 561-570. DOI: 10.1007/s00265-005-0081-0

Gilchrist, J.S., Otali, E. & Mwanguhya, F. 2004. Why breed communally? Factors affecting fecundity in a communal breeding mammal: the banded mongoose (Mungos mungo). Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 57, 119-131. DOI: 10.1007/s00265-004-0837-y

Gilchrist, J.S. 2004 Pup escorting in the communal breeding banded mongoose: behavior, benefits and maintenance. Behavioral Ecology, 15, 952-960. DOI: 10.1093/beheco/arh071

Otali, E. & Gilchrist, J.S. 2004. The effects of refuse feeding on body condition, reproduction and survival of banded mongooses. Journal of Mammalogy, 85, 491-497

Gilchrist, J.S. & Otali, E. 2002. The effects of refuse-feeding on home-range use, group size, and intergroup encounters in the banded mongoose. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 80, 1795-1802

I J GORDON

Illius, A.W. & Gordon, I.J. (1987).  The allometry of food intake in grazing ruminants.  Journal of Animal  Ecology, 56: 989-999.

Gordon, I.J. (1988).  Facilitation of red deer grazing by cattle and its impact on red deer performance.  Journal of Applied Ecology, 25: 1-10.

Gordon, I.J. & Illius, A.W. (1988).  Incisor arcade structure and diet selection in ruminants. Functional Ecology 2: 15-22.

Gordon, I.J. (1989). Vegetation community selection by ungulates on the Isle of Rhum.  I. The food supply.  Journal of Applied Ecology, 26: 35-51.

Gordon, I.J. (1989). Vegetation community selection by ungulates on the Isle of Rhum.  II. Vegetation community selection.  Journal of Applied Ecology, 26: 53-64.

Gordon, I.J. (1989). Vegetation community selection by ungulates on the Isle of Rhum.  III. Determinants of vegetation community selection.  Journal of Applied Ecology, 26: 65-79.

Gordon, I.J. & Illius, A.W. (1989).  Resource partitioning by ungulates on the Isle of Rhum. Oecologia, Berlin, 79: 383-389.

Gordon, I.J. & Lindsay, W.K. (1990).  Could mammalian herbivores "manage" their resource? Oikos 59: 270-280.

S J HODGE

Hodge, S.J. (2009) Understanding variation in reproductive skew: directions for future empirical research. In “Reproductive skew in vertebrates; proximate and ultimate causes (eds. R. Hager & C. Jones). Cambridge University Press. P. 439-466

Hodge, S.J., Bell, M.B.V., Mwanghuya F., Kyabulima, S., Waldick, R. & Russell, A.F. (2009) Maternal weight, offspring competition and the evolution of communal breeding. 20, 729-735. Behavioural Ecology

Thornton A. & Hodge, S.J. (2009) The development of foraging microhabitat preferences in meerkats. Behavoural ecology. 20, 103-110.

Hodge, S.J.  (2007) Counting the costs: the evolution of male-biased care in the cooperative breeding banded mongoose. Animal Behaviour. 74, 91-919.

Hodge, S.J.  (2005) Helpers benefit offspring in both the short and long-term in the cooperatively breeding banded mongoose (Mungos mungo). Proc Roy Soc Lond B. 272,  2479-2484.

N R JORDAN

Jordan, N.R., Cherry, M.I. & Manser, M.B. 2007. Latrine distribution and patterns of use by wild meerkats: implications for territory and mate defence. Animal Behaviour, 73, 613-622.

Jordan, N.R. 2007. Scent marking investment is determined by sex and breeding status in meerkats. Animal Behaviour, 74, 531-540.

Jordan, N.R., Mwanguhya, F., Kyabulima, S., Rüedi, P. & Cant, M.A. 2010. Scent marking within and between groups of wild banded mongooses. Journal of Zoology, 280, 72-83.

R KILNER

Kilner, R. (1995) When do canary parents respond to nestling signals of need? Proceedings of the Royal Society, Series B 260: 343-348

Kilner, R. & Johnstone, R. A. (1997) Begging the question: are offspring solicitation behaviours signals of need? Trends in Ecology and Evolution 12: 11-15

Kilner, R. (1997) Mouth colour is a reliable signal of need in begging canary nestlings Proceedings of the Royal Society, Series B 264: 963-968

Kilner, R. (1998) Primary and secondary sex ratio manipulation by zebra finches. Animal Behaviour 56: 155-164

Kilner, R. M. (1999) Family conflicts and the evolution of nestling mouth colour. Behaviour 136:779-804

S LINGLE

Lingle, S. 2003. Group composition and cohesion in sympatric white-tailed deer and mule deer. Canadian Journal of Zoology 81, 1119-1130.

Lingle, S. 2002. Coyote predation and habitat segregation of white-tailed deer and mule deer. Ecology 83, 2037-2048.

Lingle, S. & S.M. Pellis. 2002. Fight or flight? Antipredator behavior and escalation of coyote encounters with deer. Oecologia 131, 154-164.

Lingle, S. 2001. Antipredator strategies and grouping patterns in white-tailed deer and mule deer. Ethology 107, 295-314.

Lingle, S & W.F. Wilson. 2001. Detection and avoidance of predators in white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) and mule deer (O. hemionus). Ethology 107, 125-147.

Lingle, S. 2000. Seasonal variation in coyote feeding behaviour and mortality of white-tailed deer and mule deer. Canadian Journal of Zoology 78, 85-99.

A MANICA

Thomas, L. K., & Manica, A. (2005) Intrasexual competition and mate choice in assassin bugs with uniparental male and female care. Animal Behaviour 69: 275-281

Manica, A., & Johnstone R. A. (2004) The evolution of paternal care with overlapping broods. American Naturalist 164: 517-530

Balmford, A., Manica, A., Airey, L., Birkin, L., Oliver, A., & Schleicher, J. (2004) Hollywood, Climate Change, and the Public. Science 305: 1713

Manica, A. (2004) Parental fish change their cannibalistic behaviour in response to the cost-to-benefit-ratio of parental care. Animal Behaviour 67: 1015-1021

Thomas, L. K., & Manica, A. (2003) Filial cannibalism in an assassin bug. Animal Behaviour 66: 205-210

Manica, A. (2003) The effect of brood size and age on partial filial cannibalism. Journal of Fish Biology 63: 37-47

Manica, A. (2002) Alternative strategies for a father with a small brood: mate, cannibalise or care. Behavioural Ecology and Sociobiology 51: 319-323

Manica, A. (2002) Filial cannibalism in teleost fish. Biological Reviews 77: 261-277

Manica, A., Pilcher, N., & Oakley, S. (2002) A new Chrisiptera species from the Spratley Islands. Malayan Nature Journal 56: 301-304.

M B MANSER

Manser MB. & Brotherton P.N.M., (1995) ‘Environmental constraints on the foraging behaviour of a dwarf antelope (Madoqua kirkii)’, Oecologia, 102, 404-412.

Brotherton P.N.M. & Manser MB., (1996) ‘Female dispersion and Monogamy in the dikdik (Madoqua kirkii)’, Animal Behaviour, 54, 1413-1424.

Manser MB (1999) ‘Response of foraging group members to sentinel calls in suricates, Suricata suricatta’. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B, 266, 1013-1019.

Manser MB & Avey G (2000) ‘The effect of pup vocalisations on food allocation in a cooperative mammal, Suricata suricatta’. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 48, 429-437.

Manser MB (2001) ‘The acoustic structure of suricate alarm calls varies with predator type and the level of urgency’. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B, 268, 2315-2324.

Manser MB, Bell MB & Fletcher LB (2001) ‘The information that receivers extract from alarm calls in suricates’. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B, 268, 2485-2491.

Manser MB, Seyfarth RM & Cheney DL (2002) ‘Suricate alarm calls signal predator class and urgency’. Trends of Cognitive Science, 6, 55-57.

Manser MB & Bell MB (2004) ‘The spatial representation of shelter locations in meerkats’. Animal Behaviour 68, 151-157.

K McCOMB

McComb, K. (1987) Roaring by red deer stags advances date of oestrus in hinds.  Nature 330, 648-649.

McComb, K. (1988) Roaring and oestrus. Nature 332, 24.

McComb, K.E. (1991) Female choice for high roaring rates in red deer (Cervus elaphus). Animal Behaviour 41, 79-88.

McComb, K. (1992) Playback as a tool for studying contests between social groups.  In: Playback and Studies of Animal Communication. ed. by P.K. McGregor.  Plenum Publishing Corporation, London, pages 111-119.

McGregor, P.K., Catchpole, C.K., Dabelsteen, T., Falls, J.B., Fusani, L., Gerhardt, H.C., Gilbert, F., Horn, A.G., Klump, G.M., Kroodsma, D.E., Lambrechts, M.M., McComb, K., Nelson, D.A., Pepperberg, I.M., Ratcliffe, L., Searcy, W.A. & Weary, D.M. (1992)  Design of playback experiments. In: Playback and Studies of Animal Communication.  ed. by P.K. McGregor. Plenum Publishing Corporation, London, pages 1-9.

McComb, K., Pusey, A., Packer, C. & Grinnell, J. (1993) Female lions can identify potentially infanticidal males from their roars. Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. B.  252, 59-64.

McComb, K., Packer, C. & Pusey, A. (1994) Roaring and numerical assessment in contests between groups of female lions Panthera leo. Animal Behaviour
47, 379-387.

C PACKER

Packer, C. (1977) Reciprocal altruism in Papio Anubis.  Nature 265: 441-443.

Packer, C. (1979) Inter-troop transfer and inbreeding avoidance in Papio anubis.  Animal Behaviour 27: 1-36.

N J RAIHANI

N.J. Raihani, M.J. Nelson-Flower, K. Moyes, L.E. Browning & A.R. Ridley (2010) Synchronous provisioning increases brood survival in cooperatively breeding pied babblers. Journal of Animal Ecology 79: 44-52.

N.J. Raihani & A.R. Ridley (2008) Parental aggression against dependent young results in task partitioning in a cooperative bird. Biology Letters 4: 23-26.

N.J. Raihani & A.R. Ridley (2008) Experimental evidence for teaching in wild pied babblers. Animal Behaviour 75: 3-11.

N.J. Raihani, A.R. Ridley, L.E. Browning, M.J. Nelson-Flower & S. Knowles (2008) Juvenile female aggression in cooperatively breeding pied babblers: causes and contexts. Ethology 114: 452-458.

A.N. Thornton & N.J. Raihani (2008) The evolution of teaching. Animal Behaviour 75: 1823-1836.

A.R. Ridley, N.J. Raihani & M.J. Nelson-Flower (2008) The cost of being alone: the fate of floaters in a population of cooperatively breeding pied babblers Turdoides bicolor. Journal of Avian Biology 39: 1-4.

A.R. Ridley & N.J. Raihani (2008) Task partitioning increases reproductive output in a cooperative bird. Behavioral Ecology 19: 1136-1142.

N.J. Raihani & A.R. Ridley (2007) Adult vocalizations during provisioning: offspring response and postfledging benefits in wild pied babblers. Animal Behaviour 74: 1303-1309.

N.J. Raihani & A.R. Ridley (2007) Variable fledging age according to group size: trade-offs in a cooperatively breeding bird. Biology Letters 3: 624-627.

A.R. Ridley & N.J. Raihani (2007) Facultative response to a kleptoparasite by the cooperatively breeding pied babbler. Behavioral Ecology 18: 324-330.

A.R. Ridley & N.J. Raihani (2007) Variable postfledging care in a cooperative bird: causes and consequences. Behavioral Ecology 18: 994-1000.

A.N. Thornton, N.J. Raihani & A.N. Radford (2007) Teachers in the wild: some clarification. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 11: 272-273.

M J REISS

Reiss, M.J. (1986) Belovsky’s model of optimal moose size. Journal of theoretical Biology, 122, 237-242.

Reiss, M.J. (1986) Body size and metabolic rate: calculated exponents are independent of the units used. Journal of theoretical Biology, 123, 125-126.

Reiss, M.J. (1985) The allometry of reproduction: why larger species invest relatively less in their offspring. Journal of theoretical Biology, 113, 529-544.

Reiss, M.J. (1986) Sexual dimorphism in body size: are larger species more dimorphic? Journal of theoretical Biology, 121, 163-172.

Reiss, M.J. (1987) Evolutionary conflict over the control of offspring sex ratio. Journal of theoretical Biology, 125, 25-39.

Reiss, M.J. (1987) The intraspecific relationship of parental investment to female body weight. Functional Ecology, 1, 105-107.

Reiss, M.J. (1989) Allometry and production. In: Energy Transformations in Cells and Animals: Proceedings of the 10th Conference of the European Society for Comparative Physiology and Biochemistry, Wieser, W. & Gnaiger, E. (Ed.), Georg Thieme Verlag, Stuttgart, pp. 270-276.

Reiss, M.J. (1989) The Allometry of Growth and Reproduction, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Reiss, M.J. (1990) Size, growth and reproduction: the logic of allometry. Evolutionary Theory, 9, 279-297.

I R STEVENSON

Stevenson IR & Bancroft DR (1995). Fluctuating trade-offs favour precocial maturity in male Soay sheep. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 262: 267-275.

L K THOMAS

Thomas, L. K. & Manica, A. (2005) Intrasexual competition and mate choice in assassin bugs with uniparental male and female care. Animal Behaviour 69: 275-281

Thomas, L. K., & Manica, A. (2003) Filial cannibalism in an assassin bug. Animal Behaviour 66: 205-210

A THORNTON

Thornton, A. & Raihani, N. J. (In press) Identifying teaching in wild animals. Learning & Behavior (word count: 10,616 including references)

Thornton, A. & Malapert, A. (2009) Experimental evidence for social transmission of food acquisition techniques in wild meerkats. Animal Behaviour. 78, 255-264.

Thornton, A. & Malapert, A. (2009) The rise and fall of an arbitrary tradition: an experiment with wild meerkats. Proceedings of the Royal Society B. 276, 1269-1276.

Thornton, A. & Hodge, S. J. (2009) The development of foraging microhabitat preferences in meerkats. Behavioral Ecology. 20, 103-110.

Hodge, S. J., Thornton, A. & Flower, T. P. (2009) Aggression and food limitation in juvenile meerkats. Behavioral Ecology. 20, 930-935.

Thornton, A. (2008) Early body condition, time budgets and the acquisition of foraging skills in meerkats. Animal Behaviour. 75, 951-962.

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