Studies in insects have contributed particularly important insights into the role of interactions between identified non-spiking and spiking interneurons in generating and controlling natural movements such as walking, flying and jumping. These analyses have provided fundamental insights into the mechanisms by which sensory input and motor output are integrated in complex pre-motor networks. A particularly demanding movement is jumping. The control of this movement is being studied from both neurobiological and biomechanical perspectives using a combination of intracellular recording and staining techniques, behavioural analyses with high speed video and antibody staining. Recent studies have shown how energy is stored for the propulsive leg movements, how the motor pattern to the muscles is generated, and how interacting gears synchronise the movements of the legs.
Burrows, M. and Sutton, G.P. (2013) Interacting gears synchronise propulsive leg movements in a jumping insect. Science 341: 1254-1256.
Burrows, M. (2013) Jumping from the surface of water by the long-legged fly Hydrophorus (Diptera, Dolichopodidae. J. Exp. Biol. 216: 1973-1981.
Burrows, M. (2013) Jumping mechanisms of treehopper insects (Hemiptera, Auchenorrhyncha, Membracidae). J. Exp. Biol. 216: 788-799.
Burrows, M. (2012) Pygmy mole crickets jump from the surface of water. Current Biol. 22: R990
Burrows, M. (2012) Locusts use a composite of resilin and hard cuticle as an energy store for jumping and kicking. J. Exp. Biol. 215: 3501-3512.
Bayley, T.M., Sutton, G.P. and Burrows, M. (2012) A buckling region in locust hind legs contains resilin and absorbs energy when jumping or kicking goes wrong. J. Exp Biol. 215: 1151-1161.
Badisco, L., Ott, S.R., Rogers, S.M., Matheson, T., Knapen, D., Vergauwen, L., Verlinden, H., Marchal, E., Sheehy, M.R.J., Burrows, M., Vanden Broeck, J. (2011) Microarray- based transcriptomic analysis of differences between long-term gregarious and solitarious desert locusts. PLoS One 6: e28110.
Picker, M., Colville, J. and Burrows, M. (2011) A cockroach that jumps. Biol. Letters doi: 10.1098/rsbl.2011.1022.
Burrows, M., Rogers S.M. and Ott, S.R. (2011) Epigenetic remodelling of brain, body and behaviour during phase change in locusts. BMC Neural Systems and Circuits 1.11
Sutton, G.P. and Burrows, M. (2011) Biomechanics of jumping in the flea. J. Exp. Biol. 214: 836-847.
Burrows, M. and Picker, M.D. (2010) Jumping mechanisms and performance of pygmy mole crickets (Orthoptera, Tridactylidae). J. Exp. Biol. 213: 2386-2398.
Sutton, G.P. and Burrows, M. (2010) The mechanics of azimuth control in jumping by froghopper insects. J. Exp. Biol. 213: 1406-1416.
Burrows, M. and Bräunig, P. (2010) The actions of neurons and leg muscles in jumping by planthopper insects (Hemiptera, Issidae). J. Comp. Neurol. 518: 1349-1369.
Rogers, S. M., Harston, G. W. J., Kilburn-Toppin, F., Matheson, T., Burrows, M., Gabbiani, F. and Krapp, H. G. (2010) Spatiotemporal receptive field properties of a looming-sensitive neuron in solitarious and gregarious phases of the desert locust. J. Neurophysiol. 103: 779-792.
Burrows, M. (2010) Leg synchronisation and energy storage in jumping planthopper insects (Hemiptera, Issidae). J. Exp. Biol. 213: 469-478.
Burrows, M. (2009) Jumping performance of planthopper insects (Hemiptera, Issidae). J. Exp. Biol. 212: 2844-2855.
Burrows, M. (2009) A single muscle moves a crustacean limb joint rhythmically by acting against a spring. BMC Biology 7: 27.
Anstey, M.L., Rogers, S.M., Ott, S.R, Burrows, M. and Simpson, S.J. (2009) Serotonin mediates behavioural gregarization underlying swarm formation in desert locusts. Science 323: 627-630.
Burrows, M. (1996) The neurobiology of an insect brain. Oxford University Press. 696 pages.