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Department of Zoology



As well as a general interest in many aspects of conservation science I am especially interested in improving the processes by which decisions are made. This has involved horizon scanning to identify future issues to reduce the surprises of future developments. My main work has been the industrial-scale collation of evidence to determine which interventions are effective and which are not and then establishing processes for embedding evidence in decision making.  I am also interested in the processes of decision making as this is often so clearly flawed.


Key publications: 

Sutherland, W., 2022. Transforming Conservation: A Practical Guide to Evidence and Decision Making.

Dicks, L.V., Hodge, I., Randall, N.P., Scharlemann, J.P., Siriwardena, G.M., Smith, H.G., Smith, R.K. and Sutherland, W.J., 2014. A transparent process for “evidence‐informed” policy making. Conservation Letters, 7(2), pp.119-125.

Alves, J.A., Gunnarsson, T.G., Hayhow, D.B., Appleton, G.F., Potts, P.M., Sutherland, W.J. and Gill, J.A., 2013. Costs, benefits, and fitness consequences of different migratory strategies. Ecology, 94(1), pp.11-17.

Amano, T. and Sutherland, W.J., 2013. Four barriers to the global understanding of biodiversity conservation: wealth, language, geographical location and security. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 280(1756), p.20122649. 

Sutherland, W.J., Aveling, R., Brooks, T.M., Clout, M., Dicks, L.V., Fellman, L., Fleishman, E., Gibbons, D.W., Keim, B., Lickorish, F. and Monk, K.A., 2014. A horizon scan of global conservation issues for 2014. Trends in ecology & evolution, 29(1), pp.15-22.

Williams, D.R., Pople, R.G., Showler, D.A., Dicks, L.V., Child, M.F., Zu Ermgassen, E.K. and Sutherland, W.J., 2013. Bird conservation: global evidence for the effects of interventions (Vol. 2). Pelagic Publishing.  

Gunnarsson, T.G., Sutherland, W.J., Alves, J.A., Potts, P.M. and Gill, J.A., 2012. Rapid changes in phenotype distribution during range expansion in a migratory bird. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 279(1727), pp.411-416.

Sutherland, W.J. and Freckleton, R.P., 2012. Making predictive ecology more relevant to policy makers and practitioners. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 367(1586), pp.322-330.

Catry, I., Amano, T., Franco, A.M. and Sutherland, W.J., 2012. Influence of spatial and temporal dynamics of agricultural practices on the lesser kestrel. Journal of Applied Ecology, 49(1), pp.99-108.

Sandel, B., Arge, L., Dalsgaard, B., Davies, R.G., Gaston, K.J., Sutherland, W.J. and Svenning, J.C., 2011. The influence of Late Quaternary climate-change velocity on species endemism. Science, 334(6056), pp.660-664.

Sutherland, W.J., Goulson, D., Potts, S.G. and Dicks, L.V., 2011. Quantifying the impact and relevance of scientific research. PloS one, 6(11), p.e27537.

Amano, T., Smithers, R.J., Sparks, T.H. and Sutherland, W.J., 2010. A 250-year index of first flowering dates and its response to temperature changes. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 277(1693), pp.2451-2457.

Rands, M.R., Adams, W.M., Bennun, L., Butchart, S.H., Clements, A., Coomes, D., Entwistle, A., Hodge, I., Kapos, V., Scharlemann, J.P. and Sutherland, W.J., 2010. Biodiversity conservation: challenges beyond 2010. Science, 329(5997), pp.1298-1303.


Other publications: 



Stuart, A. D., Ilić, M., Simmons, B. I., & Sutherland, W. J. (2024). Sea stack plots: Replacing bar charts with histograms. Ecology and Evolution, 14(4), e11237.

Sutherland W.J., Bennett C., Brotherton P.N.M., Butchart S.H.M., Butterworth H.M., Clarke S.J., Esmail N., Fleishman E., Gaston K.J., Herbert-Read J.E., Hughes A.C., James J., Kaartokallio H., Le Roux X., Lickorish F.A., Newport S., Palardy J.E., Pearce-Higgins J.W., Peck L.S., Pettorelli N., Primack R.B., Primack W.E., Schloss I.R., Spalding M.D., Brink D., Tew E., Timoshyna A., Tubbs N., Watson J.E.M., Wentworth J., Wilson J.D. and Thornton A. (2024) A horizon scan of global biological conservation issues for 2024. Trends Ecol. Evol. 39, 89–100

Tew, E. R., Ambrose-Oji, B., Beatty, M., Büntgen, U., Butterworth, H., Clover, G., ... & Sutherland, W. J. (2024). A horizon scan of issues affecting UK forest management within 50 years. Forestry: An International Journal of Forest Research, 97(3), 349-362.

Willer, D. F., Christie, A. P., Khripko, D., Bremner, J., Petrovan, S. O., Sutherland, W. J., ... & Aldridge, D. C. (2024). Fast tracking tool selection for sustainability decisions. Global Sustainability, 1-40.



Christie, A.P., Morgan, W.H., Salafsky, N., White, T.B., Irvine, R., Boenisch, N., Chiaravalloti, R.M., Kincaid, K., Rezaie, A.M., Yamashita, H. and Sutherland, W.J., 2023. Assessing diverse evidence to improve conservation decision‐making. Conservation Science and Practice, 5(10), p.e13024. 

Daykin, G.M., Aizen, M.A., Barrett, L.G., Bartlett, L.J., Batáry, P., Garibaldi, L.A., Güncan, A., Gutam, S., Maas, B., Mitnala, J., Montaño-Centellas, F., Utoblo, O.G., Watson, C., Zou, Y., Sutherland, W.J., and Hood, A.S. 2023. AgroEcoList 1.0: A checklist to improve reporting standards in ecological research in agriculture. Plos one, 18(6), p.e0285478.

Dickson, I., Butchart, S. H.M., Catalano, A., Gibbons, D., Jones, J. P. G.,Lee-Brooks, K., Oldfield, T., Noble, D., Paterson, S.,Roy, S., Semelin, J., Tinsley-Marshall, P., Trevelyan, R.,Wauchope, H., Wicander, S., & Sutherland, W. J. 2023. Introducing a common taxonomy to support learningfrom failure in conservation. Conservation Biology,37,e13967 

Ednie, G., Kapoor, T., Koppel, O., Piczak, M.L., Reid, J.L., Murdoch, A.D., Cook, C.N., Sutherland, W.J. and Cooke, S.J., 2023. Foresight science in conservation: Tools, barriers, and mainstreaming opportunities. Ambio, 52(2), pp.411-424.  

González-Varo, J. P., Albrecht, J., Arroyo, J. M., Bueno, R. S., Burgos, T., Escribano-Ávila, G., ... & Sutherland, W. J. 2023. Frugivore-mediated seed dispersal in fragmented landscapes: Compositional and functional turnover from forest to matrix. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 120(44), e2302440120. 

Häkkinen, Henry; Petrovan, Silviu O.; Taylor, Nigel G.; Sutherland, William J.; Pettorelli, Nathalie. 2023. Seabirds in the North-East Atlantic. Open Book Publishers. 

Häkkinen, H., Taylor, N. G., Pettorelli, N., Sutherland, W. J., Aldará, J., Anker-Nilssen, T., Aulert, C., van Bemmelen, R. S. A., Burnell, D., Cadiou, B., Campioni, L., Clark, B. L., Dehnhard, N., Dias, M. P., Enners, L., Furness, R. W., Hallgrímsson, G. Þ., Hammer, S., Hansen, E. S., … Petrovan, S.  2023. Co-developing guidance for conservation: An example for seabirds in the North-East Atlantic in the face of climate change impacts. Conservation Science and Practice, e12985. 

Hood, A.S., Shackelford, G.E., Christie, A.P., Usieta, H.O., Martin, P.A. and Sutherland, W.J., 2023. A systematic map of cassava farming practices and their agricultural and environmental impacts using new ontologies: Agri‐ontologies 1.0. Ecological Solutions and Evidence, 4(2), p.e12249. 

Martin, P.A., Christie, A.P., Shackelford, G., Hood, A., Wang, S., Li, B., Morgan, W., Lee, M., Aldridge, D.C. and Sutherland, W.J., 2023.  Flexible synthesis to deliver relevant evidence for decision-making.  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Vol. 120  No. 26  e2221911120

Şekercioğlu, Ç.H., Sutherland, W.J., Buechley, E.R., Li, B.V., Ocampo-Peñuela, N. and Mahamued, B.A.. 2023. Avian biodiversity collapse in the Anthropocene: drivers and consequences. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution. Vol.11. p.1202621.

Smith, R. K., Morgan, W. H., Al‐Fulaij, N., Amano, T., Bowkett, A. E., Christie, A., ... & Sutherland, W. J. (2023). Co‐designing a toolkit for evidence‐based decision making in conservation: Processes and lessons. Ecological Solutions and Evidence, 4(3), e12269. 

Smith, R., Ockendon, N. & Sutherland, W. (2023). Conservation practitioners frequently do test the effectiveness of their actions, but this needs to become routine. Science, e-letter Oct. 13, 2023. [Response to Ferraro, P.J. et al. 2023, Create a culture of experiments in environmental programs, Science 381(6659): 735-737]

Sutherland, W.J. Bennett, C., Brotherton, P.N.M., Butterworth, H.M., Clout, M.N., Côté, I.M., Dinsdale, J., Esmail, N., Fleishman, E., Gaston, K.J., Herbert-Read, J.E., Hughes, A., Kaartokallio, H., Le Roux, X., Lickorish, F.A., Matcham, W., Noor, N.,Palardy, J.E., Pearce-Higgins, J.W., Peck, L.S., Pettorelli, N., Pretty, J., Scobey, R., Spalding, M.D., Tonneijck, F.H., Tubbs, N., Watson, J.E.M., Wentworth, J.E., Wilson, J.D. & Thornton, A. 2023.  A global biological conservation horizon scan of issues for 2023. Trends in Ecology & Evolution. 38(1), 96-107. 

Tew, E. R., Ambrose-Oji, B., Beatty, M., Büntgen, U., Butterworth, H., Clover, G., ... & Sutherland, W. J. 2023. A horizon scan of issues affecting UK forest management within 50 years. Forestry: An International Journal of Forest Research, 2023;, cpad047 

Tyler, C., Akerlof, K.L., Allegra, A., Arnold, Z., Canino, H., Doornenbal, M.A., Goldstein, J.A., Budtz Pedersen, D. and Sutherland, W.J., 2023. AI tools as science policy advisers? The potential and the pitfalls. Nature 622, 27-30 (2023)

Wang, S., Martin, P.A., Hao, Y., Sutherland, W.J., Shackelford, G.E., Wu, J., Ju, R., Zhou, W. and Li, B., 2023. A global synthesis of the effectiveness and ecological impacts of management interventions for Spartina species. Frontiers of Environmental Science & Engineering, 17(11), p.141.

White, T.B., Mukherjee, N., Petrovan, S.O. and Sutherland, W.J., 2023. Identifying opportunities to deliver effective and efficient outcomes from business-biodiversity action. Environmental Science & Policy, 140, pp.221-231.

White, T. B., Petrovan, S. O., Bennun, L. A., Butterworth, T., Christie, A. P., Downey, H., Hunter, S. B., Jobson, B. R., zu Ermgassen, S. O. S. E., & Sutherland, W. J. (2023). Principles for using evidence to improve biodiversity impact mitigation by business. Business Strategy and the Environment, 1– 15.



Bárcenas-García, A., Michalski, F., Morgan, W.H., Smith, R.K., Sutherland, W.J., Gibbs, J.P. and Norris, D. 2022. Impacts of dams on freshwater turtles: a global review to identify conservation solutions. Tropical Conservation Science, 15, 1-21.

Bowgen, K.M., Kettel, E.F., Butchart, S.H.M., Carr, J.A., Foden, W.B., Magin, G., Morecroft, M.D., Smith, R.K., Stein, B.A., Sutherland, W.J. and Thaxter, C.B., 2022. Conservation interventions can benefit species impacted by climate change. Biological Conservation, 269, p.109524.

Christie, A., Aldridge, D., Gallardo, B., Ó hÉigeartaigh, S., Petrovan, S. and Sutherland, W., 2022. Strengthen biosecurity when rewiring global food supply chains. Nature, 606 (7916), 864. 

Christie, A.P., Amano, T., Martin, P.A., Shackelford, G.E., Simmons, B.I. and Sutherland, W.J., 2022. Innovation and forward‐thinking are needed to improve traditional synthesis methods: A response to Pescott and Stewart. Journal of Applied Ecology, 59(5), pp.1191-1197.

Christie, A.P., White, T.B., Martin, P.A., Petrovan, S.O., Bladon, A.J., Bowkett, A.E., Littlewood, N.A., Mupepele, A.C., Rocha, R., Sainsbury, K.A. and Smith, R.K., 2021. Reducing publication delay to improve the efficiency and impact of conservation science. PeerJ, 9, p.e12245.

Christie, A.P., Downey, H., Frick, W.F., Grainger, M., O'Brien, D., Tinsley-Marshall, P., White, T.B., Winter, M. & Sutherland, W.J. 2022. A practical conservation tool to combine diverse types of evidence for transparent evidence-based decision-making. Conservation Science and Practice 4(1): e579

Downey, H., Bretagnolle, V., Brick, C., Bulman, C. R., Cooke, S. J., Dean, M., Edmonds, B., Frick, W. F., Friedman, K., McNicol, C., Nichols, C., Herbert, S., O’Brien, D., Ockendon, N., Petrovan, S., Stroud, D., White, T. B., Worthington, T. A., & Sutherland, W. J. 2022. Principles for the production of evidence-based guidance for conservation actions. Conservation Science and Practice, 4(5), e12663.

Gallardo, B., Sutherland, W.J., Martin, P. and Aldridge, D.C., 2022. Applying fault tree analysis to biological invasions identifies optimal targets for effective biosecurity. Journal of Applied Ecology, 59(10): 2553-2566.

Gatt, Y.M., Andradi-Brown, D.A., Ahmadia, G.N., Martin, P.A., Sutherland, W.J., Spalding, M.D., Donnison, A. and Worthington, T.A., 2022. Quantifying the reporting, coverage and consistency of key indicators in mangrove restoration projects. Frontiers in Forests and Global Change, 5  doi:10.3389/ffgc.2022.720394 

Gibbons, D.W., Sandbrook, C., Sutherland, W.J., Akter, R., Bradbury, R., Broad, S., Clements, A., Crick, H.Q.P., Elliott, J., Gyeltshen, N., Heath, M., Hughes, K., Jenkins, R.K.B., Jones, A.H., de la Lama, R.L., Macfarlane, N.B.W., Maunder, M., Prasad, R., Romero-Muñoz, A., Steiner, N., Tremlett, J., Trevelyan, R., Vijaykumar, S., Wedage, I. & Ockendon, N. 2022. The relative importance of COVID-19 pandemic impacts on biodiversity conservation globally. Conservation Biology 36(1): e13781.

Hakkinen, H., Petrovan, S.O., Sutherland, W.J., Dias, M.P., Ameca, E.I., Oppel, S., Ramírez, I., Lawson, B., Lehikoinen, A., Bowgen, K.M. and Taylor, N.G., 2022. Linking climate change vulnerability research and evidence on conservation action effectiveness to safeguard European seabird populations. Journal of Applied Ecology, 59(5), pp.1178-1186. doi: 10.1111/1365-2664.14133

Herbert-Read, J.E., Thornton, A., Amon, D.J., Birchenough, S.N., Côté, I.M., Dias, M.P., Godley, B.J., Keith, S.A., McKinley, E., Peck, L.S. and Calado, R., 2022. A global horizon scan of issues impacting marine and coastal biodiversity conservation. Nature Ecology & Evolution, pp.1-9.

Hobson, T., Sundaram, L., Aldridge, D., Christie, A., Edwards, B., Dando, M., Petrovan, S., Shang, L., Sutherland, W., Ó hÉigeartaigh, S. and Smith, R. 2022. Submission of Evidence to The Cabinet Office Enquiry on The Biological Security Strategy. March 2022.

MacFarlane, D., Hurlstone, M.J., Ecker, U.K.H., Ferraro, P.L., can der Linden, S., Wan, A.K.Y., Veríssimo, D., Burgess, G., Chen, F., Hall, W., Hollands, G.J. & Sutherland, W.J. 2022. Reducing demand for overexploited wildlife products: lessons from systematic reviews from outside conservation science. Conservation Science and Practice 4(3): e627 doi: 10.1111/csp2.627

Moussy, C., Burfield, I.J., Stephenson, P.J., Newton, A.F.E., Butchart, S.H.M., Sutherland, W.J., Gregory, R.D., McRae, L., Bubb, P., Roesler, I., Ursino, C., Wu, Y., Retief, E.F., Udin, J.S., Urazaliyev, R., Sánchez‐Clavijo, L.M., Lartey, E. & Donald, P.F. 2022. A quantitative global review of species population monitoring. Conservation Biology 36(1): e13721

Rios Rojas, C., Silviu, P. and Sutherland, W., 2022. Synthetic Biology Policy Recommendations.

Sutherland, W.J., Burke, E., Chamberlain, B., Clements, A., Guarás, D., Harvey, N., Martin, J., McKain, S., Mitchell, C., Russi, D., Sharp, J. & Thompson, D.B.A. 2022. What are the forthcoming legislative issues of interest to ecologists and conservationists in 2022? The Niche, British Ecological Society, 53(1): 28-35

Sutherland W.J., Robinson J.M., Aldridge D.C., Alamenciak T., Armes M., Baranduin N., Bladon A.J., Breed M.F., Dyas N., Elphick C.S., Griffiths R.A., Hughes J., Middleton B., Littlewood N.A., Mitchell R., Morgan W.H., Mosley R., Petrovan S.O., Prendergast K., Ritchie E.G., Raven H., Smith R.K., Watts S.H. & Thornton A. 2022. Creating testable questions in practical conservation: a process and 100 questions, Conserv. Evid. Jour. 19, 1-7. DOI:

Sutherland, W.J., Atkinson, P.W., Butchart, S.H., Capaja, M., Dicks, L.V., Fleishman, E., Gaston, K.J., Hails, R.S., Hughes, A.C., Le Anstey, B. and Le Roux, X., 2022. A horizon scan of global biological conservation issues for 2022. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 37(1), pp.95-104. Tew, E.R., Conway, G.J., Henderson, I.G., Milodowski, D.T., Swinfield, T. and Sutherland, W.J., 2022. Recommendations to enhance breeding bird diversity in managed plantation forests determined using LiDAR. Ecological Applications, p.e2678.

Sutherland, W., 2022. Transforming Conservation: A Practical Guide to Evidence and Decision Making.

Tew, E.R., Conway, G.J., Henderson, I.G., Milodowski, D.T., Swinfield, T. and Sutherland, W.J., 2022. Recommendations to enhance breeding bird diversity in managed plantation forests determined using LiDAR. Ecological Applications, p.e2678. 

Tinsley-Marshall, P. Downey, H., Adum, G. Al-Fulai, N., Bourn, N. A. D., Brotherton, P N. M., Frick, W. F., Hancock, M. H., Hellon, J., Hudson, M. A., Kortland, K., Mastro, K., McNicol, C. M., McPherson, T., Mickleburgh, S., Moss, J. F., Nichols, C. P., O’Brien, D., Ockendon, N., Paterson, S., Payne, C. J., Parks, D., Schofield, H., Watuwa, J., Wormald, K., Wilkinson, J., Wilson, J. D., Pimm, S. L., & Sutherland, W. J. 2022. Funding and delivering the routine testing of management interventions to improve conservation effectiveness. Journal for Nature Conservation, 67, p.126184.

Wauchope, H.S., Jones, J.P., Geldmann, J., Simmons, B.I., Amano, T., Blanco, D.E., Fuller, R.A., Johnston, A., Langendoen, T., Mundkur, T., Nagy, S. & Sutherland W.J. 2022. Protected areas have a mixed impact on waterbirds, but management helps. Nature, 605(7908), pp.103-107.

White, T.B., Petrovan, S.O., Christie, A.P., Martin, P.A. & Sutherland, W.J. 2022. What is the price of conservation; a review of the status quo and recommendations for improving cost reporting. BioScience 72(5): 461–471.

White, T., Petrovan, S., Booth, H., Correa, R.J., Gatt, Y., Martin, P.A., Newall, H., Worthington, T. and Sutherland, W.J., 2021. Determining the financial costs and benefits of conservation actions: a framework to support decision making. Conservation Science and Practice, e12840. 



Amano, T., Berdejo-Espinola, V., Christie, A.P., Willott, K., Akasaka, M., Báldi, A., Berthinussen, A., Bertolino, S., Bladon, A.J., Chen, M., Choi, C-Y., Bou Dagher Kharrat, M., de Oliveria, L.G., Farhat, P., Golivets, M., Hidalgo Aranzamendi, N., Jantke, K., Kajzer-Bonk, J., Kemahli Aytekin, M.C.K., Khorozyan, I., Kito, K., Konno, K., Lin. D-L., Littlewood, N., Liu., Y., Liu, Y., Loretto, M-C., Marconi, V., Martin, P., Morgan, W.H., Narváez-Gómez, J.P., Negret, P.J., Nourain, E., Ochoa Quintero, J.M., Ockendon, N., Oh, R.R.Y., Petrovan, S., Piovezan-Borges, A.C., Pollet. I.L., Ramos, D.L., Reboredo Segovia, A.L., Rivera-Villaneuva, A.N., Rocha, R., Rouyer, M-M., Sainsbury, K.A., Schuster, R., Schwab, D., Şekercioğlu, C.H., Seo, H-M., Shackleford, G., Shinoda, Y., Smith, R.K., Tao, T-D., Tsai, M-S., Tyler, E.H.M., Vajna, F., Valdebenito, J.O., Vozykova, S., Waryszak, P., Zamora-Gutierrez, V., Zenni, R.D., Shou, W. & Sutherland, W.J. 2021. Tapping into non-English-language science for the conservation of global biodiversity. PLoS Biology 19:e3001296.

Berthinussen, A., Smith, R., & Sutherland, W. 2021. Marine and Freshwater Mammal Conservation: Global evidence for the effects of Interventions. [Webpages]. doi: 10.17863/CAM.64603

Christie, A.P., Amano, T., Martin, P.A., Petrovan, S.O., Shackelford, G.E., Simmons, B.I., Smith, R.K., Williams, D.R., Wordley, C.F.R. & Sutherland, W.J. 2021. The challenge of biased evidence in conservation. Conservation Biology 35(1): 249-262. doi: 10.1111/cobi.13577

Christie, A.P., White, T.B., Martin, P.A., Petrovan, S.O., Bladon, A.J., Bowkett, A.E., Littlewood, N.A., Mupepele, A., Rocha, R., Sainsbury, K.A., Smith, R.K., Taylor, N.G. & Sutherland, W.J. 2021. Reducing publication delay to improve the efficiency and impact of conservation science. PeerJ 9: p.e12245 doi: 10.7717/peerj.12245

Cooke, J., Araya, Y., Bacon, K.L., Bagniewska, J.M., Batty, L., Bishop, T.R., Burns, M., Charalambous, M., Daversa, D.R., Dougherty, L.R., Dyson, M., Fisher, A.M., Forman, D., Garcia, C., Harney, E., Hesselberg, T., John, E.A., Knell, R., Maseyk, K., Mauchline, A.L., Peacock, J., Pernetta, A.P., Pritchard, J., Sutherland, W.J., Thomas, R.L., Tigar, B., Wheeler, P., White, R.L., Worsfold, N.T. & Lewis, Z. 2021. Teaching and learning in ecology: a horizon scan of emerging challenges and solutions. Oikos 130: 15-28 doi: 10.1111/oik.07847

Cooke, S.J., Soroye, P., Brooks, J.L., Clarke, J., Jeanson, A.L., Berberi, A., Piczak, M.L., Reid, C.H., Desforges, J.E., Guay,  J.D., Drake, A.K., Jardine, A.M., Ethier, J.P., Keefe, H.E., Medd, A.M., Edwards, B.P.M., Reeve, C., Perkovic, A., Frempong-Manso, A., LaRochelle, L., Patterson, S., Roach-Krajewski, M., Howarth, A., Bard, B., Harmsen, E.J., Robichaud, J., Serré, S., Bihun, C.J., Buxton, R.T., Nguyen, V.M., Woodall, L.C., Sutherland, W.J. & Bennett, J.R. 2021. Ten considerations for conservation policy makers for the post-COVID-19 transition. Environmental Reviews 29(2): 111-118  doi: 10.1139/er-2021-0014

Dietz, S., Beazley, K.F., Lemieux, C.J., St Clair, C., Coristine, L., Higgs, E., Smith, R., Pellatt, M., Beaty, C., Cheskey, E., Cooke, S.J., Crawford, L., Davis, R., Forbes, G., Gadallah, F., Kendall, P., Mandrak, N., Moola, F., Parker, S., Quayle, J., Ray, J.C., Richardson, K., Smith, K., Snider, J., Smol, J.P., Sutherland, W.J., Vallillee, A., White, L. & Woodley, A. 2021. Emerging issues for protected and conserved areas in Canada. FACETS 6: 1892 - 1921 doi: 10.1139/facets-2021-0072 

Downey, H., Amano, T., Cadotte, M., Cook, C.N., Cooke, S.J., Haddaway, N.R., Jones, J.P.G., Littlewood, N., Walsh, J.C., Abrahams, M.I., Adum, G., Akasaka, M., Alves, J.A., Antwis, R.E., Arellano, E.C., Axmacher, J., Barclay, H., Batty, L., Benítez-López, L., Bennett, J.R., Berg, M.J., Bertolino, S., Biggs, D., Bolam, F.C., Bray, T., Brook, B.W., Bull, J.W., Burivalova, Z., Cabeza, M., Chauvenet, A.L.M., Christie, A.P., Cole, L., Cotton, A.J., Cotton, S., Cousins, S.A.O., Craven, D., Cresswell, W., Cusack, J.J., Dalrymple, S., Davies, Z.G., Diaz, A., Dodd, J.A., Felton, A., Fleishman, E., Gardner, C.J., Garside, R., Ghoddousi, A., Gilroy, J.J., Gill, D.A., Gill, J.A., Glew, L., Grainger, M.H., Grass, A.A., Greshon, S., Gundry, J., Hart, T., Hopkins, C.R., Howe, C., Johnson, A., Jones, K.W., Jordan, N.R., Kadoya, T., Kerhoas, D., Koricheva,J., Lee, T.M., Lengyel, S., Livingstone, S.W., Lyons, A., McCabe, G., Millett, J., Montes Strevens, C., Moolna, A., Mossman, H.L., Mukherjee, N., Muñoz-Sáez, A., Negrões, N., Norfolk, O., Osawa, T., Papworth, S., Park, K.J., Pellet, J., Phillott, A.D., Plotnik, J., Priatna, D., Ramos, A.G., Randall, N., Richards, R.M., Ritchie, E.G., Roberts, D.L., Rocha, R., Rodríguez, J.P., Sanderson, R., Sasaki, T., Savilaakso, S., Sayer, C., Sekercioglu, C., Senzaki, M., Smith, G., Smith, R.J., Soga, M., Soulsbury, C.D., Steer, M.D., Stewart, G., Strange, E.F., Suggitt, A.J., Thompson, R.R.J., Thompson, S., Thornhill, I., Trevelyan, R.J., Usieta, H.O., Venter, O.,  Webber, A.D., White, R.L., Whittingham, M.J., Wilby, A., Yarnell, R.W., Zamora V. & Sutherland, W.J.  2021. Training future generations to deliver evidence-based conservation and ecosystem management. Ecological Solutions and Evidence 2(1): e121032 doi: 10.1002/2688-8319.12032

González-Varo, J.P., Rumeu, B., Albrecht, J. Arroyo, J.M.,  Bueno, R.S., Burgos, T.,  da Silva, L. P. Escribano-Ávila, G., Nina Farwig, N., García, D.,  Heleno, R.H.,  Illera, J.C., Jordano, P., Kurek, P., Simmons, B.E., Virgós, E., Sutherland, W.J. & Traveset, A. 2021. A Limited potential for bird migration to disperse plants to cooler latitudes. Nature 595: 75–79 doi: 10.1038/s41586-021-03665-2

Häkkinen, H., Petrovan, S.O., Sutherland, W.J. & Pettorelli N. 2021. Terrestrial or marine species distribution model - Why not both? A case study with seabirds. Ecology and Evolution 11(23): 16634-16646 doi: 10.1002/ece3.8272

Hood, A.S.C. & Sutherland, W.J. 2021. The data-index: an author-level metric that values impactful data and incentivises data sharing. Ecology and Evolution 11(21): 14344-14350 doi: 10.1002/ece3.8126

Kemp, L., Aldridge, D.C., Booy, O., Bower, H., Browne, D., Burgmann, M., Burt, A., Cunningham, A.A., Dando, M., Dick, J.T.A., Dye, C., Evans, S.E., Gallardo, B., Godfray, H.C.J., Goodfellow, I., Gubbins, S., Holt, L.A., Jones, K.E., Kandil, H., Martin, P., McCaughan, M., McLeish, C., Meaney, T., Millett, K., ÓhÉigeartaigh, S.S., Patron, N.J., Rhodes, C., Roy, H.E., Shackelford, G., Smith, D., Spence, N., Steiner, H., Sundaram, L.S., Voeneky, S., Walker, J.R., Watkins, H., Whitby, S., Wood, J. & Sutherland, W.J. 2021. 80 Questions for UK Biological Security. PLOS One 16(1): e.0241190 doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0241190

Ockendon, N., Amano, T., Cadotte, M., Downey, H,. Hancock, M.H., Thornton, A., Tinsley-Marshall, P. & Sutherland, W.J. 2021. Effectively integrating experiments into conservation practice. Ecological Solutions and Evidence 2(2): e12069 doi: 10.1002/2688-8319.12069

Petrovan, S.O., Aldridge, D.C., Bartlett, H., Bladon, A.J., Booth, H., Broad, S., Broom, D.M., Burgess, N., Cleaveland, S., Cunningham, A.A., Ferri, M., Hinsley, A., Hua, F., Hughes, A.C., Jones, K., Kelly, M., Mayes, G., Radakovic, M., Ugwu, C.A., Uddin, N., Verissimo, D., Walzer, C., White, T.B., Wood, J., Sutherland, W.J. 2021. Post COVID-19: a solution scan of options for preventing future zoonotic epidemics. Biological Reviews 96(6): 2694-2715 doi: 10.1111/brv.12774

Pettorelli, N., Graham, N.A.J., Seddon, N., Bustamante, M.M.C., Lowton, M.J., Sutherland, W.J., Koldewey, H.J., Prentice, H.C & Barlow, J. 2021. Time to integrate global climate change and biodiversity science-policy agendas. Journal of Applied Ecology 58(11): 2384-2393 doi: 10.1111/1365-2664.13985

Sainsbury K.A., Morgan W.H., Watson M., Rotem G., Bouskila A., Smith R.K. & Sutherland W.J. 2021. Reptile Conservation: Global Evidence for the Effects of Interventions for reptiles. Conservation Evidence Series Synopsis. University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.

Shackelford, G.E., Martin, P.A., Hood, A.S.C., Christie, A.P., Kulinskaya, E. & Sutherland, W.J. 2021. Dynamic meta-analysis: a method of using global evidence for local decision making. BCM Biology 19: 33 doi: 10.1186/s12915-021-00974-w

Sutherland, W.J., Aldridge, D., Hobson, T., Kemp, L., Martin, P., Rios Rojas, C. & Sundaram, L.S. 2021. House of Lords Committee on Risk Assessment and Risk Planning.

Sutherland, W.J., Atkinson, P.W., Broad, S., Brown, S., Clout, M., Dias, M.P., Dicks, L.V., Doran, H., Fleishman, E., Garratt, E.L., Gaston, K.J., Hughes, A.C., Le Roux, X., Lickorish, F.A., Maggs, L., Palardy, J.E., Peck, L.S., Pettorelli, N., Pretty, J., Spalding, M.D., Tonneijck, F.H., Walpole, M., Watson, J.E.M., Wentworth, J. & Thornton, A. 2021. A 2021 Horizon Scan of Emerging Global Biological Conservation Issues. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 36(1): 87-97  doi: 10.1016/j.tree.2020.10.014

Sutherland, W.J., Atkinson, P.W., Butchart, S.H.M., Capaja, M., Dicks, L.V., Fleishman, E., Gaston, K.J., Hails, R.S., Hughes, A.C., Le Anstey, B., Le Roux, X., Lickorish, F.A., Maggs, L., Noor, N., Oldfield, T.E.E., Palardy, J.E., Peck, L.S., Pettorelli, N., Pretty, J., Spalding, M.D., Tonneijck, F.H., Truelove, G., Watson, J.E.M., Wentworth, J., Wilson, J.D. & Thornton, A. 2021.  A horizon scan of global biological conservation issues for 2022. Trends in Ecology & Evolution doi: 10.1016/j.tree.2021.10.014

Sutherland, W.J., Dicks, L.V., Petrovan, S.O., Smith, R.K. (Eds.) What Works in Conservation 2021. Open Book Publishers: Cambridge, UK. doi: 10.11647/OBP.0267

Sutherland, W.J., Downey, H., Frick, W.F., Tinsley-Marshall, P. & McPherson, T. 2021. Planning practical evidence-based decision making in conservation within time constraints: the Strategic Evidence Assessment Framework. Journal for Nature Conservation60, 125975, doi: 10.1016/j.jnc.2021.125975

Sutherland, W.J., Taylor, N.G., Aldridge, D.C., Martin, P., Rhodes, C., Shackelford, G., Beard, S., Belfield, H., Bladon, A.J., Brick, C., Christie, A.P., Dobson, A.P., Downey, H., Hood, A.S.C., Hua, F., Hughes, A.C., Jarvis, R.M., MacFarlane, D., Morgan, W.H., Mupepele, A-C., Marciniak, S.J., Nelson, C., Ó hÉigeartaigh, S., Rios Rojas, C., Sainsbuty, K.A., Sminth, R.K., Sundaram, L.A., Thornton, A., Watkins, J., White, T.B., Willott, K. & Petrovan, S.O. 2021. A solution scan of societal options to reduce transmission and spread of respiratory viruses: SARS-CoC-2 as a case study. Journal of Biosafety and Biosecurity 3(2): 84-90 doi: 10.1016/j.jobb.2021.08.003

Taylor. N.G., Grillas, P., Al Hreisha, H., Balkız, O., Borie, M., Boutron, O., Catita, A., Champagnon, J., Cherif, S., Çiçek, K., Costa. L.T., Dakki, M., Fois, M., Galewski, T., Galli, A., Georgiadis, N.M., Green, A.J., Hermoso, V., Kapedani, R., Lange, M.A., Mateljak, Z., Osta, M., Papastergiagou, E., Papazoglou, C., Sabater, S., Samraoui, B., Samraoui, S., Si Bachir, A., Tankovic, E., Thévenet, M., Troya, A. & Sutherland, W.J. 2021. The future for Mediterranean wetlands: 50 key issues and 50 important conservation research questions. Regional Environmental Change 21: 33 doi: 10.1007/s10113-020-01743-1

Tew, E.R., Vanguelova, E.I. & Sutherland, W.J. 2021. Alternative afforestation options on sandy heathland result in minimal long-term changes in mineral soil layers. Forest Ecology and Management 483: 118906 doi: 10.1016/j.foreco.2020.118906

Tratalos, J.A., Jones, A.P., Jones, A.P., Showler, D.A., Gill, J.A., Bateman, I.J., Sugden, R., Watkinson, A.R. & Sutherland, W.J. 2021. Regional models of the influence of human disturbance and habitat quality on the distribution of breeding territories of common ringed plover Charadrius hiaticula and Eurasian oystercatcher Haematopus ostralegusGlobal Ecology and Conservation 28: e01640 doi: 10.1016/j.gecco.2021.e01640

Wauchope, H.S., Amano, T., Geldmann, J., Johnston, A., Simmons, B.I., Sutherland, W.J., Jones, J.P.G. 2021. Evaluating impact using time-series data. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 36(3): 196-205 doi: 10.1016/j.tree.2020.11.001



Cheng, S.H., McKinnon, M.C., Masuda, Y.J., Garside, R., Jones, K.W., Miller, D.C., Pullin, A.S., Sutherland, W.J., Augustin, C., Gill, D.A., Wongbusarakum, S. & Wilkie, D. 2020. Strengthen causal models for better conservation outcomes for human well-being. PLoS ONE 15(3): e0230495. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0230495

Christie, A., Abecasis, D., Adjeroud, M., Alonso, J., Amano, T., Anton, A., Baldigo, B., Barrientos, R., Bicknell, J., Buhl, D., Cebrian, J., Ceia, R., Cibils-Martina, L., Clarke, S., Claudet, J., Craig, M., Davoult, D., De Backer, A., Donovan, M., Eddy, T., França, F., Gardner, J., Harris, B., Huusko, A., Jones, I., Kelaher, B., Kotiaho, J., López-Baucells, A., Major, H., Mäki-Petäys, A., Martín, B., Martín, C., Martin, P., Mateos-Molina, D., McConnaughey, R., Meroni, M., Meyer, C., Mills, K., Montefalcone, M., Noreika, N., Palacín, C., Pande, A., Pitcher, C. R., Ponce, C., Rinella, M., Rocha, R., Ruiz-Delgado, M., Schmitter-Soto, J., Shaffer, J., Sharma, S., Sher, A., Stagnol, D., Stanley, T., Stokesbury, K., Torres, A., Tully, O., Vehanen, T., Watts, C., Zhao, Q. & Sutherland, W. 2020. Quantifying and addressing the prevalence and bias of study designs in the environmental and social sciences. Nature Communications 11: 6377

Christie, A. P., Amano, T., Martin, P. A., Petrovan, S. O., Shackelford, G. E., Simmons, B. I., Smith, R. K., Williams, D. R., Wordley, C. F. R., & Sutherland, W. J. 2020. Poor availability of context-specific evidence hampers decision-making in conservation. Biological Conservation 248: 108666. doi: 10.1016/j.biocon.2020.108666

Esmail, N., Wintle, B.C., 't Sas-Rolfes, M., Athanas, A., Beale, C.M., Bending, Z., Dai, R., Fabinyi, M., Gluszek, S., Haenlein, C., Harrington, L.A., Hinsley, A., Kariuki, K., Lam, J., Markus, M., Paudel, K., Shukhova, S., Sutherland, W.J., Verissimo, D., Wang, Y., Waugh, J., Wetton, J.H., Workman, C., Wright, J. & Milner-Gulland, E.J. 2020. Emerging illegal wildlife trade issues: a global horizon scan. Conservation Letters 13(4): e12715 doi: 10.1111/conl.12715

Junker, J., Petrovan, S. O. Arroyo-Rodríguez, V., Boonratana, R., Byler, D., Chapman, C.A., Chetry, D., Cheyne, S.M., Cornejo, F.M., Cortés-Ortiz, L., Cowlishaw, G., Christie, A.P., Crockford, C., De La Torre, S., De Melo, F.R., Fan, P., Grueter, C.C., Guzmán-Caro, D.C., Heymann, E.W., Herbinger, I., Hoang, M.D., Horwich, R.H., Humle, T., Ikemeh, R.A., Imong, I.S., Jerusalinsky, L., Johnson, S.E., Kappeler, P.M., Kierulff, M.C.M., Koné, I., Kormos, R., Le, K.Q., Li, B., Marshall, A.J., Mejiaard, E., Mittermeier, R.A., Muroyama, Y., Neugebauer, E., Orth, L., Palacios, E., Papworth, S.K., Plumptre, A.J., Rawson, B.M., Refisch, J., Ratsimbazafy, J., Roos, C., Setchell, J.M., Smith, R.K., Sop, T., Schitzer, C., Slater, K., Strum, S.C., Sutherland, W.J., Talebi, M., Wallis, J., Wich, S., Williamson, E.A., Wittig, R.M & Kühl, H.S. 2020. 2020. Severe lack of evidence limits effective conservation of the world’s primates. BioScience 70, 794 803 DOI:80310.1093/biosci/biaa082

Kemp, L., Adam, L., Boehm, C.R., Breitling, R., Casagrande, R., Dando, M., Djikeng, A., Evans, N.G., Hammond, R., Hills, K., Holt, L.A., Kuiken, T., Markotić, A., Millett, P., Napier, J.A., Nelson, C., ÓhÉigeartaigh, S.S., Osbourn, A., Palmer, M.J., Patron, N.J., Perello, E., Piyawattanametha, W., Restrepo-Schild, V., Rios-Rojas, C., Rhodes, C., Roessing, A., Scott, D., Shapira, P., Simuntala, C., Smith, R.D.J., Sundaram, L.S., Takano, E., Uttmark, G., Wintle, B.C., Zahra, N.B. & Sutherland, W.J. 2020. Point of View: Bioengineering horizon scan 2020. eLife 9. doi: 10.7554/eLife.54489

Lemasson, A., Pettit, L., Smith, R., & Sutherland, W. (2020). Subtidal Benthic Invertebrate Conservation: Global Evidence for the Effects of Interventions. [Webpages].doi: 10.17863/CAM.57656

Lemasson, A.J., Petrovan, S.O., Smith, R.K., Sutherland, W.J. & Bowkett, A.E. 2020. What is the evidence for the effectiveness of husbandry and management interventions for the conservation and welfare of captive animals? A systematic map protocol. Journal of Zoo and Aquarium Research 8(4): 223-230 doi: 10.19227/jzar.v8i4.521

Lenda, M., Skórka, P., Mazur, B., Sutherland, W., Tryjanowski, P., Moroń, D., Meijaard, E., Possingham, H.P. & Wilson, K.A. 2020. Effects of amusing memes on concern for unappealing species. Conservation Biology 34(5): 1200-1209 doi: 10.1111/cobi.13523

Martin, P.A., Shackelford, G.E., Bullock, J.M., Gallardo, B., Aldridge, D.C. & Sutherland, W.J. 2020. Management of UK priority invasive alien plants: a systematic review protocol. Environmental Evidence 9, 1. doi: 10.1186/s13750-020-0186-y

Oldekop, J.A., Vang Rasmussen, L., Agrawal, A., Bebbington, A.J., Meyfroidt, P., Bengston, D.N., Blackman, A., Brooks, S., Davidson-Hunt, I., Davies, P., Dinsi, S.C., Fontana, L.B., Gumucio, T., Kumar, C., Kumar, K., Moran, D., Mwampamba, T.H., Nasi, R., Nilsson, M., Pinedo-Vasquez, M.A., Rhemtulla, J.M., Sutherland, W.J., Watkins, C. & Wilson, S.J. 2020. Forest-linked livelihoods in a globalized world Nature Plants 6: 1400-1407 DOI: 10.1038/s41477-020-00814-9

Pérez-Jvostov, F., Sutherland, W.J., Barrett, R.D.H., Brown, C.A., Cardille, J.A., Cooke, S.J., Cristescu, M.E., Fortin St-Gelais, N., Fussmann, G.F., Griffiths, K., Hendry, A.P., Lapointe, N.W.R., Nyboer, E.A., Pentland, R.L., Reid, A.J., Ricciardi, A., Sunday, J.M. & Gregory-Eaves, I. 2020. Horizon scan of emerging global biological conservation issues for 2020. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 35(1): ​81-90. doi: 10.1016/j.tree.2019.10.010​

Pérez-Jvostov, F., Sutherland, W.J., Barrett, R.D.H., Brown, C.A., Cardille, J.A., Cooke, S.J., Cristescu, M.E., Fortin St-Gelais, N., Fussmann, G.F., Griffiths, K., Hendry, A.P., Lapointe, N.W.R., Nyboer, E.A., Pentland, R.L., Reid, A.J., Ricciardi, A., Sunday, J.M. & Gregory-Eaves I. 2020. Horizon scan of conservation issues for inland waters in Canada. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 77(5): 869-881. doi: 10.1139/cjfas-2019-0105

Pettorelli N., Brotherton, P.N.M., Davies, Z.G., Ockendon, N., Sutherland, W.J., & Vickery, J.A. 2020. Successfully translating conservation research into practice and policy: concluding thoughts. p327-330. in Sutherland, W.J., Brotherton, P.N.M., Davies, Z.G., Ockendon, N., Pettorelli N., & Vickery, J.A. Conservation Research, Policy and Practice. Cambridge University Press  doi: 10.1017/9781108638210.020

Rose, D.C., Mukherjee, N., Simmons, B.I., Tew, E.R., Robertson, R.J., Vadrot, A.B.M., Doubleday, R. & Sutherland, W.J. 2020. Policy windows for the environment: tips for improving the uptake of scientific knowledge. Environmental Science and Policy 113: 47-54 doi: 10.1016/j.envsci.2017.07.013

Shackelford, G.E., Kemp, L., Rhodes, C., Sundaram, L., ÓhÉigeartaigh, S.S., Beard, S., Belfield, H., Weitzdörfer, J., Avin, S., Sørebø, D., Jones, E.M., Hume, J.B., Price, D., Pyle, D., Hurt, D., Stone, T., Watkins, H., Collas, L., Cade, B.C., Johnson, T.F., Freitas-Groff, Z., Denkenberger, D., Levot, M. & Sutherland, W.J. 2020. Accumulating evidence using crowdsourcing and machine learning: a living bibliography about existential risk and global catastrophic risk. Futures 116: 102508. doi: 10.1016/j.futures.2019.102508

Simmons, B., Wauchope, H. S., Amano, T., Dicks, L., Sutherland, W. J. & Dakos, V. 2020. Estimating the risk of species interaction loss in mutualistic communities. PLoS Biology 18(8): e.3000843 doi: 10.1371/journal.pbio.3000843

Sutherland, W.J. 2020. Conservation science – the need for a new paradigm founded on robust field evidence. In: Burt, T. & Thompson, D. (Eds.) Curious about Nature: A Passion for Fieldwork. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK. doi: 10.1017/9781108552172.047

Sutherland, W.J., Alvarez‐Castañeda, S.T., Amano, T., Ambrosini, R., Atkinson, P., Baxter, J.M., Bond, A.L., Boon, P.J., Buchanan, K.L., Barlow, J., Bogliani, G., Bragg, O.M., Burgman, M., Cadotte, M.W., Calver, M., Cooke, S.J., Corlett, R.T., Devictor, V. Ewen, J.G., Fisher, M., Freeman, G., Game, E. Godley, B.J., Gortázar, C., Hartley, I.R., Hawksworth, D.L., Hobson, K.A., Lu, M-L., Martín‐López, B., Ma, K., Machado, A., Maes, D., Mangiacotti, M., McCafferty, D.J., Melfi, V., Molur, S., Moore, A.J., Murphy, S.D., Norris, D., van Oudenhoven, A.P.E., Powers, J., Rees, E.I., Schwartz, M.W.,  Storch, I. & Wordley, C. (2020) Ensuring tests of conservation interventions build on existing literature. Conservation Biology 34, 781-3.

Sutherland, W.J., Brotherton, P., Davies, Z., Ockendon, N., Pettorelli, N., & Vickery, J. (Eds.). (2020). Conservation Research, Policy and Practice (Ecological Reviews). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi:10.1017/9781108638210

Sutherland, W.J., Brotherton, P.N.M., Davies, Z.G., Ockendon, N., Pettorelli N., & Vickery, J.A. (2020). Making a difference in conservation: linking science and practice. p1-8 in Sutherland, W.J., Brotherton, P.N.M., Davies, Z.G., Ockendon, N., Pettorelli N., & Vickery, J.A. Conservation Research, Policy and Practice. Cambridge University Press. doi: 10.1017/9781108638210.001

Sutherland, W.J., Dicks, L.V., Ockendon, N., Petrovan, S.O., Smith, R.K. (Eds.) What Works in Conservation 2020. Open Book Publishers: Cambridge, UK.

Sutherland, W.J. & Lythgoe, K.A. 2020. Coronavirus: full peer review in hours. Nature 584, 192

Wauchope, H., Amano, T., Geldmann, J., Johnston, A., Simmons, B. I., Sutherland, W., & Jones, J. P. (2020). Evaluating Impact Using Time-Series Data. Trends Ecol Evol

Worthington, T.A., zu Ermgassen, P.S.E., Friess, D.A., Krauss, K.W., Lovelock, C.E., Thorley, J., Tingey, R., Woodroffe, C.D., Bunting, P., Cormier, N., Lagomasino, D., Lucas, R., Murray, N.K., Sutherland, W.J. & Spalding, M. 2020. A global biophysical typology of mangroves and its relevance for ecosystem structure and deforestation. Sci Rep 10, 14652.

Zu Ermgassen, P.S.E., Bonačić, K., Boudry, P., Bromley, C.A., Cameron, T.C., Colsoul, B., Coolen, J.W.P., Frankić, A., Hancock, B., van der Have, T.M., Holbrook, Z., Kamermans, P., Laugen, A.T., Nevejan, N., Pogoda, B., Pouvreau, S., Preston, J., Ranger, C.J., Sanderson, W.G., Sas, H., Strand, A. & Sutherland, W.J. 2020. Forty questions of importance to the policy and practice of native oyster reef restoration in Europe Aquatic Conservation 30(11): 2038-2049



Alves, J.A., Gunnarsson, T.G., Sutherland, W.J., Potts, P.M. & Gill, J.A. 2019. Linking warming effects on phenology, demography and range expansion in a migratory bird population. Ecology and Evolution 9(5): 2365-2375. doi: 10.1002/ece3.4746

Blicharska, M., Smithers, R.J., Mikusiński, G., Rönnbäck, P., Harrison, P.A., Nilsson, M. & Sutherland, W.J. 2019s. Biodiversity’s contributions to sustainable development. Nature Sustainability 2: 1083 - 1093. doi: 10.1038/s41893-019-0417-9

Bolam, F.C., Grainger, M.J., Mengersen, K.L., Stewart, G.B., Sutherland, W.J., Runge, M.C. & McGowan, P.J.K. 2019. Using the value of information to improve conservation decision making. Biol. Rev. 94: 629 – 647. doi: 10.1111/brv.12471

Browne, D.H., Aldridge, D.C., Rhodes, C., & Sutherland, W.J. 2019. Brexit threatens Biosecurity. Nature 567: 461. doi: 10.1038/d41586-019-00950-z

Christie, A., Amano, T., Martin, P., Simmons, B., Shackelford, G. & Sutherland, W.J.  2019. Simple study designs in ecology produce inaccurate estimates of biodiversity responses. Journal of Applied Ecology 56(12): 2742 - 2754. doi: 10.1111/1365-2664.13499

Dicks, L.V., Rose, D.C., Ang, F., Aston, S., Birch, N., Boatman, N., Bowles, L., Chadwick, D., Dinsdale, A., Durham, S., Elliott, J., Firbank, L., Humphreys, S., Jarvis, P., Jones, D., Kindred, D., Knight, S., Lee, M.R.F., Leifert, C., Lobley, M., Matthews, K., Midmer, A., Moore, M., Morris, C., Mortimer, S., Murray, C., Norman, K., Ramsden, S., Roberts, D., Smith, L., Soffe, R., Stoate, C., Taylor, B., Tinker, D., Topliff, M., Wallace, J., Williams, P., Wilson, P., Winter, M. & Sutherland, W.J. 2019. What agricultural practices are most likely to deliver ‘sustainable intensification’ in the UK? Food and Energy Security 8(1): e00148. doi: 10.1002/fes3.148

Feger, C., Mermet, L., Vira, B., Addison, P.F.E., Barker, R., Birkin, F., Burns, J., Cooper, S., Couvet, D., Cuckston, T., Daily, G.C., Dey, C., Gallagher, L., Hails, R., Jollands, S., Mace, G., McKenzie, E., Milne, M., Quattrone, P., Rambaud, A., Russell, S., Santamaria, M., Sutherland, W.J. 2019. Four priorities for new links between conservation science and accounting research. Conservation Biology 33(4): 972-975. doi: 10.1111/cobi.13254

Gardner, J.L., Amano, T., Peters, A., Sutherland, W.J., Mackey, B., Joseph, L., Stein, J., Ikin, K., Little, R., Smith, J. & Symonds, M.R.E. 2019. Australian songbird body size tracks climate variation: 82 species over 50 years. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 286: 20192258 doi: 10.1098/rspb.2019.2258

Mukherjee, N., Rose, D.C., Everard, M., Geneletti, D. & Sutherland, W.J. 2019. Response to Expanding the role of social science in conservation through an engagement with philosophy, methodology and methods. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 10(3): 303-307. doi: 10.1111/2041-210X.13130

Rose, D. C., Amano, T., González-Varo, J. P., Mukherjee, N., Robertson, R. J., Simmons, B., Wauchope, H. S. & Sutherland, W.J. 2019. Calling for a new agenda for conservation science to create evidence-informed policy. Biological Conservation. 238: ​108222 doi: 10.1016/bayj.biocon.2019.108222

Salafsky, N., Boshoven, J., Burivalova, Z., Dubois, N.S., Gomez, A., Johnson, A., Lee, A., Margoluis, R., Morrison, J., Muir, M., Pratt, S.C., Pullin. A.P., Salzer, D., Stewart, A., Sutherland, W.J. & Wordley, C.F.R. 2019. Defining and using evidence in conservation practice. Conservation Science and Practice 1(5): e27. doi: 10.1111/csp2.27

Shackelford, G., Kelsey, R., Sutherland, W.J., Kennedy, C., Wood, S., Gennet, S., Karp, D., Kremen, C., Seavy, N., Jedlicka, J., Gravuer, K.,Kross, S., Bossio, D., Muñoz-Sáez, A., LaHue, D., Garbach, K., Ford, L., Felice, M., Reynolds, M., Rao, D., Boomer, K., LeBuhn G., & Dicks, L. 2019. Evidence synthesis as the basis for decision analysis: a method of selecting the best agricultural practices for multiple ecosystem services. Front. Sustain. Food Syst 3: 38 doi: 10.3389/fsufs.2019.00083

Simmons, B.I., Cirtwill, A.R., Baker, N.J., Wauchope, H.S., Dicks, L.V., Stouffer, D.B. & Sutherland, W.J. 2019. Motifs in bipartite ecological networks: uncovering indirect interactions. Oikos 128(2): 154-170. doi: 10.1111/oik.05670 

Simmons, B.I., Hoeppke, C. & Sutherland, W.J. In press. Beware greedy algorithms. Journal of Animal Ecology 88(5): 804-807. doi: 10.1111/1365-2656.12963

Simmons, B.I., Sweering, M.J.M., Schillinger, M., Dicks, L.V., Sutherland, W.J., Clemente, R.D. 2019. bmotif: A package for motif analyses of bipartite networks. Methods Ecol Evol. 10(5): 695-701. doi: 10.1111/2041-210X.13149

Simmons, B.I., Vizentin‐Bugoni, J., Maruyama, P.K., Cotton, P.A., Marín‐Gómez, O.H., Lara, C., Rosero‐Lasprilla, L., Maglianesi, M.A., Ortiz‐Pulido, R., Rocca, M.A.,  Rodrigues, L.C., Tinoco, B., Vasconcelos, M.F., Sazima, M., González, A.M.M., Sonne, J., Rahbek, C., Dicks, L.V., Dalsgaard, B., & Sutherland, W.J. 2019. Abundance drives broad patterns of generalisation in plant-hummingbird pollination networks. Oikos 128(9): ​1287-1295. doi: 10.1111/oik.06104

Stojanovic, D., Cook, H.C.L., Sato, C., Alves, F., Harris, G., McKernan, A., Rayner, L., Webb, M.H., Sutherland, W.J. & Heihsohn, R. 2019. Pre-emptive action as a measure for conserving nomadic species. The Journal of Wildlife Management 83(1): 64-71. doi: 10.1002/jwmg.21575

Sutherland, W.J. 2019. Kaizen Conservation? Oryx 53(3): 397-398. doi: 10.1017/S0030605319000619

Sutherland, W.J., Burke, E., Clements, A., Costelloe, B., Martin, J., Mitchell, C., Monk, K.A., von Bieberstein, K.R. & Thompson, D.B.A. 2019. What are the forthcoming legislative issues of interest to ecologists and conservationists in 2019? The Niche 50: 34-41.

Sutherland, W.J., Fleishman, E., Clout, M., Gibbons, D.W., Lickorish, F., Peck, L.S., Pretty, J., Spalding, M. & Ockendon, N. 2019. Ten years on: a review of the first global conservation horizon scan. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 34(2): 139-153. doi: 10.1016/j.tree.2018.12.003

Sutherland, W.J., Taylor, N.G., MacFarlane, D., Amano, T., Christie, A.P., Dicks, L., Lemasson, A.J., Littlewood, N.A., Martin, P.A., Ockendon, N., Petrovan, S.O., Robertson, R.J., Rocha, R., Shackelford, G.E., Smith, R.K., Tyler, E.H.M. and Wordley, C.F.R. 2019. Building a tool to overcome barriers in research-implementation spaces: the Conservation Evidence database. Biological Conservation 238: 108199. doi: 10.1016/j.biocon.2019.108199

Tallis, H., Kreis, K., Olander, L., Ringler, C., Ameyaw, D., Borsuk, M.E., Fletschner, D., Game, E., Gilligan, D.O., Jeuland, M., Sutherland, W.J., et al. 2019. Aligning evidence generation and use across health, development, and environment. Current Opinion on Environmental Sustainability 39:81-93 doi.: 10.1016/j.cosust.2019.09.004

Tew, E.R., Simmons, B.I. & Sutherland, W.J. 2019. Quantifying cultural ecosystem services: Disentangling the effects of management from landscape features. People and Nature 1(1): 70–86. doi: 10.1002/pan3.14

Walsh, J.C., Dicks, L.V., Raymond, C.M. & Sutherland, W.J. 2019. A typology of barriers and enablers of scientific evidence use in conservation practice. Journal of Environmental Management 250: 109481. doi: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2019.109481

Webb, M.H., Heinsohn, R., Sutherland, W.J., Stojanovic, D. & Terauds, A. 2019. An empirical and mechanistic explanation of abundance-occupancy relationships for a critically endangered nomadic migrant. American Naturalist 193(1): 59-69. doi: 10.1086/700595 


Aldridge, D., Ockendon, N., Rocha, R. Smith, R.K. & Sutherland, W.J. 2018. Some aspects of control of freshwater invasive species. In: Sutherland, W.J., Dicks, L.V., Ockendon, N., Petrovan, S.O., Smith, R.K. (Eds.) What Works in Conservation 2018. Open Book Publishers: Cambridge, UK.

Amano, T., Székely, T., Sandel, B., Nagy, S., Mundkur, T., Langendoen, T., Blanco, D., Soykan, C.U. & Sutherland, W.J. 2018. Successful conservation of global waterbird populations depends on effective governance. Nature 553: 199–202.

Avin, S., Wintle, B.C., Weitzdörfer, J., Ó hÉigeartaigh, S.S., Sutherland, W.J. & Rees, M.J. 2018. Classifying global catastrophic risks. Futures 102: 20–26

Baynham-Herd, Z., Amano, T., Sutherland, W.J. & Donald, P.F. 2018. Governance explains variation in national responses to the biodiversity crisis. Environmental Conservation. DOI:10.1017/S037689291700056X

Biggs, D., Smith, R.J., Adams, V.M., Brink, H., Cook, C.N., Cooney, R., Holden, M.H., Maron, M., Phelps, J., Possingham, H.P., Redford, K.H., Scholes, R.J., Sutherland, W.J., Underwood, F.M. & Milner-Gulland, E.J. 2018. Ivory crisis - Response. Science 360: 277–278. DOI: 10.1126/science.aat1596

Dalsgaard, B., Kennedy, J., Simmons, B.I., Baquero, A., González, A.M.M., Timmermann, A., McGuire, J.A., Ollerton, J., Sutherland, W.J. & Rahbek, C. 2018. Trait evolution, nectar-feeding specialization and vulnerability to plant extinctions among hummingbirds on Antillean islands: the role of mountains and plant richness. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 285: 20172754.

Game, E.T., Tallis, H., Olander, L., Alexandere, S.M., Busch, J.Cartwright, N., Kalies, E.L., Masuda, Y.J., Mupepele, A-C., Jiangxiao Qiu, J., Rooney, A., Sills, E., & Sutherland. W.J. In Press. Cross-discipline evidence principles for social-environmental sustainability. Nature Sustainability 1: 452–454.

Iacona, G.D., Sutherland, W.J., Mappin, B., Adams, V., Armsworth, P.R., Coleshaw, T., Cook, C., Craigie, I., Dicks, L., Fitzsimons, J.A., McGowan, J., Plumptre, A., Polak, T., Pullin, A., Ringma, J., Rushworth, I., Santangeli, A., Stewart, A., Tulloch. A., Walsh, J. & Possingham, H.P. 2018. Standardized reporting on the costs of management interventions for biodiversity conservation. Conservation Biology 32: 979–988.

Isaac, N.J.B., Brotherton, P.N.M., Bullock, J.M., Gregory, R.D., Boehning-Gaese, K., Connor, B., Crick, H.Q.P., Freckleton, R.P., Gill, J., Hails, R.S., Hartikainen, M., Hester, A.J., Millner-Gulland, E.J., Oliver, T.H., Pearson, R.G., Sutherland, W.J., Thomas, C.D., Travis, J.M.J., Turnbull, L.A., Willis, K., Woodward, G. & Mace, G.M. 2018. Defining and delivering resilient ecological networks: an example for nature conservation in England. Journal of Applied Ecology 55: 2537–2543. DOI: 10.1111/1365-2664.13196

Izurieta, A., Delgado, B., Moity, N., Calvopiña, M., Cedeño, I., Banda-Cruz, G., Cruz, E., Aguas, M., Arroba, F., Astudillo, I., Bazurto, D., Soria, M., Banks, S., Bayas, S., Belli, S., Bermúdez, R., Boelling, N., Bolaños, J., Borbor, M., Brito Ma., L., Bucheli, L., Campbell, K., Carranza, D., Carrión, J., Casafont, M., Castro, X., Chamorro, S., Chávez, J., Chicaiza, D., Chumbi, R., Couenberg, P., Cousseau, D., Cruz, M., d’Ozouville, N., de la Guía, C., de la Torre, G., Díaz, C.M., Duchicela, J., Endara, D., Garcia, V., Gellibert, C., Gibbs, J., Guzmán, J.C., Heylings, P., Iglesias, A., Izurieta, J.C., Jaramillo, P., Klingman, A., Laurie, A., Leon, P., Medina, J., Mendieta, E., Merlen, G., Montalvo, C., Naula, E., Páez-Rosas, D., Peralta, M., Peralvo, M., Piu, M., Poma, J., Pontón, J., Pozo, M., Proaño, D., Ramos, M., Rousseaud, A., Rueda, D., Salinas, P., Salmoral, G., Saraguro, S., Simón-Baile, D., Tapia, W., Teran, B., Valverde, M., Vargas, A., Vega, J., Velásquez, W., Vélez, A., Verdesoto, S., Villarraga, H.G., Vissioli, F., Viteri-Mejía, C., Norris-Crespo, L., Cooke, S.C., Toral-Granda, M.V., Sutherland, W.J. 2018. A collaboratively derived environmental research agenda for Galápagos. Pacific Conservation Biology 24: 168–177.

Key, G., Whitfield, M., Dicks, L.V., Sutherland, W.J. & Bardgett, R.D. 2018. Enhancing soil fertility. In: Sutherland, W.J., Dicks, L.V., Ockendon, N., Petrovan, S.O., Smith, R.K. (Eds.) What Works in Conservation 2018. Open Book Publishers: Cambridge, UK.

Mukherjee, N., Zabala, A., Huge, J., Ochieng Nyumba, T., Adem Esmail, B. & Sutherland, W.J. 2018. Comparison of techniques for eliciting views and judgements in decision-making. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 9:54–63. DOI:10.1111/2041-210X.12940

Mukherjee, N., Rose, D.C., Everard, M., Geneletti, D. & Sutherland, W.J. (2018). Response to Moon et al.. 2018. Qualitative methods for ecologists and conservation scientists. Methods Ecology and Evolution 9: 7–9.

Ockendon, N., Thomas, D.H.L., Cortina, J., Adams, W.M., Aykroyd, T., Barov, B., Boitani, L., Bonn, A., Branquinho, C., Brombacher, M., Burrell, C., Carver, S., Crick, H.Q.P., Duguy, B., Everett, S., Fokkens, B., Fullers, R.J., Gibbons, D.W., Gokhelashvili, R., Griffin, C., Halley, D.J., Hotham, P., Hughes, F.M.R., Karamanlidis, A.A., McOwen, C.J., Miles, L., Mitchell, R., Rands, M.R.W., Roberts, J., Sandom, C.J., Spencer, J.W., ten Broeke, E., Tew, E.R., Thomas, C.D., Timoshyna, A.A., Unsworth, R.K.F., Warrington, S. & Sutherland, W.J. 2018. One hundred priority questions for landscape restoration in Europe. Biological Conservation 221: 198-208.

Petrovan, S.O., Junker, J., Wordley, C.F.R., Kühl, H.S., Orth, L., Smith, R.K. & Sutherland, W.J. 2018. Evidence-based synopsis of interventions, a new tool in primate conservation and research. International Journal of Primatology 39: 1-4.

Rose, D.C., Morris, C., Lobley, M., Winter, M., Sutherland, W.J. & Dicks, L.V. 2018. Exploring the spatialities of technological and user re-scripting: The case of decision support tools in UK agriculture. Geoforum 89: 11–18.

Rose, D.C., Parker, C., Fodey, J., Park, C., Sutherland, W.J. & Dicks, L.V. 2018. Involving stakeholders in agricultural decision support systems: improving user-centred design. International Journal of Agricultural Management 6(3-4): 80-89. doi: 10.5836/ijam/2017-06-80

Rose, D.R., Shackelford, Sutherland, W.J. 2018. Co-assessment for fundamental change: a reply to Salomaa. Oryx 52(4): 618. doi: 10.1017/S0030605318000807

Rose, D.C., Sutherland, W.J., Amano, T., González‐Varo, J.P., Robertson, R.J., Simmons, B.I., Wauchope, H.S., Kovacs, E., Durán, A.P., Vadrot, A.B., Wu, W., Dias, M.P., Di Fonzo, M.M., Ivory, S., Norris, L., Nunes, M.H., Nyumba, T.O., Steiner, N., Vickery, J. & Mukherjee, N. 2018. The major barriers to evidence‐informed conservation policy and possible solutions. Conservation Letters 11: e12564.

Rose, D.C., Sutherland, W.J., Barnes, A.P., Borthwick, F., Ffoulkes, C., Hall, C., Moorby, J.M., Nicholas-Davies, P., Twining, S. & Dicks, L.V. 2018. Integrated farm management for sustainable agriculture: lessons for knowledge exchange and policy. Land Use Policy 81: 834–842.

Schwartz, M.W., Cook, C.N., Pressey, R.L. Pullin, A.S., Runge, M.C., Salafsky, N., Sutherland, W.J. & Williamson, M.A. 2018. Decision support frameworks and tools for conservation. Conservation Letters 11: e12385.

Shackelford, G.E., Haddaway, M.R., Usieta, H.O., Pypers, P., Petrovan, S.O. & Sutherland, W.J. 2018. Cassava farming practices and their agricultural and environmental outcomes: a systematic map protocol. Environmental Evidence 7:30.

Simmons, B.I., Sutherland, W.J., Dicks, L.V., Albrecht, J., Farwig, N., García, D., Jordano, P., González‐Varo, J.P. 2018. Moving from frugivory to seed dispersal: incorporating the functional outcomes of interactions in plant‐frugivore networks. Journal of Animal Ecology 87: 995–1007. DOI:10.1111/1365-2656.12831

Skórka, P., Żmihorski, M., Grzędzicka, E., Martyka, R. & Sutherland, W.J. 2018. The role of churches in maintaining bird diversity: a case study from southern Poland. Biological Conservation 226: 280–287.

Stojanovic, d., Cook, H.C.L., Sato, C., Alves, F., Harris, G., McKernan, A., Rayner, L., Webb, M.H., Sutherland W.J. & HeihsohnR. 2018. Pre-emptive action as a measure for conserving nomadic species. The Journal of Wildlife Management 83: 64–71. DOI: 10.1002/jwmg.21575

Sutherland, W.J., Butchart, S.H.M., Connor, B., Culshaw, C., Dicks, L.V., Dinsdale, J., Doran, H., Entwistle, A.C., Fleishman, E., Gibbons, D.W., Jiang, Z., Keim, B., Le Roux, X., Lickorish, F.A., Markillie, P., Monk, K.A., Mortimer, D., Pearce-Higgins, J.W., Peck, L.S., Pretty, J., Seymour, C.L., Spalding, M.D., Tonneijck, F.H. & Gleave, R.A. 2018. A 2018 Horizon Scan of Emerging Issues for Global Conservation and Biological Diversity. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 33: 47–58. 

Sutherland, W.J., Dicks, L.V., Everard, M. & Genelett, D. 2018. Qualitative methods for ecologists and conservation scientists. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 9: 7–9. DOI: 10.1111/2041-210X.12956

Sutherland, W.J., Dicks, L.V., Ockendon, N., Petrovan, S. & Smith, R.K. 2018. What Works in Conservation 2018. Open Book Publishers: Cambridge, UK. DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0131

Sutherland, W.J. & Wordley, C.F. 2018. A fresh approach to evidence synthesis. Nature 558: 364–6.

Taylor, N.G., Grillas, P. & Sutherland, W.J. 2018. Peatland Conservation: Global Evidence for the Effects of Interventions to Conserve Peatland Vegetation. Synopses of Conservation Evidence Series. University of Cambridge: Cambridge, UK.

Wright, H.L., Ashpole, J.E., Dicks, L.V., Hutchison, J., McCormack, C.G. & Sutherland, W.J. 2018. Some aspects of enhancing natural pest control. In: Sutherland, W.J., Dicks, L.V., Ockendon, N., Petrovan, S.O., Smith, R.K. (Eds.) What Works in Conservation 2018. Open Book Publishers: Cambridge, UK.


Antwis, R.E., Griffiths, S.M., Harrison, X.A., Aranega-Bou, P., Arce, A., Bettridge, A.S., Brailsford, F.L., de Menezes, A. Devaynes, A., Forbes, K.M., Fry, E.L., Goodhead, I., Haskell, E., Heys, C., James, C., Johnston, S.R., Lewis, G.R., Lewis, Z., Macey, M.C., McCarthy, A., McDonald, J.E., Mejia-Florez, N.L., O’Brien, D., Orland, C., Pautasso, M., Reid, W.D.K., Robinson, H.A., Wilson, K. & Sutherland, W.J. 2017. Fifty important research questions in microbial ecology. FEMS Microbiology Ecology 93: fix044 DOI: 10.1093/femsec/fix044 

Biggs, D., Holden, M.H., Braczkowski, A., Cook, C.N., Milner-Gulland, E.J., Phelps,J., Scholes, R.J., Smith, R.J., Underwood, F.M., Adams, V.M., Allan, J., Brink, H., Cooney, R., Gao, Y., Hutton, J., Macdonald-Madden, E., Maron, M., Redford, K.H., Sutherland, W.J. & Possingham, H.P. 2017. Breaking the deadlock on ivory An iterative process that recognizes different value systems may help to protect elephants. Science 358: 1378–1381. DOI: 10.1126/science.aan5215

Cook, C.N., Pullin, A.S., Sutherland, W.J., Stewart, G.B. & Carrasco, R. 2017 Considering cost alongside the effectiveness of management in evidence-based conservation: A systematic reporting protocol. Biological Conservation 209: 508–516.

Flowerdew, J., Amano, T. & Sutherland, W.J. 2017. Strong ‘bottom-up’ influences on small mammal populations: state-space model analyses from long-term studies. Ecology and Evolution. 7(6): 1699–1711.

Dickson, I.M., Butchart, S.H.M., Dauncey, V., Hughes, J., Jefferson, R., Merriman, J.C., Munroe, R., Pearce-Higgins, J.P., Stephenson, P.J., Sutherland, W.J., Thomas, D.H.L. & Trevelyan, R. 2017. PRISM – Toolkit for evaluating the outcomes and impacts of small/medium-sized conservation projects. Version 1. Available from

Green, J.M.H., Cranston, G.R., Sutherland, W.J., Tranter, H.R., Bell, S.J., Benton, T.G., Blixt, E., Bowe, C., Broadley, S., Brown, A., Brown, C., Burns, N., Butler, D., Collins, H., Crowley, H., DeKoszmovszky, J., Firbank, L.G., Fulford, B., Gardner, T.A., Hails, R.S., Halvorson, S., Jack, M., Kerrison, B., Koh, L.S.C., Lang, S.C., McKenzie, E.J., Monsivais, P., O’Riordan, T., Osborn, J., Oswald, S., Price Thomas, E., Raffaelli, D., Reyers, B., Srai, J.S., Strassburg, B.B.N., Webster, D., Welters, R., Whiteman, G., Wilsdon, J. & Vira, B. 2017. Research priorities for managing the impacts and dependencies of business upon food, energy, water and the environment. Sustainability Science 12(2): 319–331. DOI 10.1007/s11625-016-0402-4  

Hinsley, A., Sutherland, W.J. & Johnston, A. 2017. Men ask more questions than women at a scientific conference. PlosONE 12(10): e0185534. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0185534.

Junker, J., Kühl, H.S., Orth, L., Smith, R.K., Petrovan, S.O. & Sutherland, W.J. 2017. Primate Conservation: Global Evidence for the Effects of Interventions. University of Cambridge, UK.

Ochoa-Quintero, J.M., Chang, C.H., Gardner, T.A., Rezende Messias, M., Sutherland, W.J. & Delben, F.A.C. 2017. Habitat Loss on Rondon’s marmoset potential distribution. Land 2017 6(1): 8. DOI:10.3390/land6010008

Prescott, G.W., Sutherland, W.J., Aguirre, D., Baird, M., Bowman, V., Brunner, J., Connette, G.M., Cosier, M., Dapice, D., DeAlban, J.D.T., Diment, A., Fogerite, J., Fox, J., Hlaing, W., Htun, S., Hurd, J., LaJeunesse Connette, K., Lasmana, F., Cheng Ling, L., Lynam, A., Maung, A.C., McCarron, B., McCarthy, J.F., McShea, W.J., Momberg, F., Mon, M.S., Myint, T., Oberndorf, R., Oo, T.N., Phelps, J., Rao, M., Schmidt-Vogt, D., Speechly, H., Springate-Baginski, O., Steinmetz, R., Talbott, K., Than, M.M., Thaung, T.L., Thawng, S.C.L., Thein, K.M., Thein, S., Tizard, R., Whitten, T., Williams, G., Wilson, T., Woods, K., Ziegler, A.D., Zrust, M. & Edward L. Webb. 2017. Political transition and emergent forest-conservation issues in Myanmar. Conservation Biology. 31(6): 1257–1270. DOI: 10.1111/cobi.13021

Ricciardi, A., Blackburn, T.M., Carlton, J.T., Dick, J.T.A., Hulme, P.E., Iacarella, J.C., Jeschke, J.M., Liebhold, A.M., Lockwood, J.L., MacIsaac, H.J. Pyšek, P., Richardson, D.M., Ruiz, G.M., Simberloff, D., Sutherland, W.J., Wardle, D.A. & Aldridge, D.C. (in press) Invasion science: A horizon scan of emerging challenges and opportunities. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 32: 464–474. DOI: 10.1016/j.tree.2017.03.007

Ricciardi, A., Blackburn, T.M., Carlton, J.T., Dick, J.T.A., Hulme, P.E., Iacarella, J.C., Jeschke, J.M., Liebhold, A.M., Lockwood, J.L., MacIsaac, H.J., Pyšek, P., Richardson, D.M., Ruiz, G.M., Simberloff, D., Sutherland, W.J., Wardle, D.A. & Aldridge, D.C. 2017. Invasion Science: Looking forward rather than revisiting old ground - A reply to Zenni et alTrends in Ecology and Evolution 32: 809–810.

Rose, D.C., Addison, P., Ausden, M., Bennun, L., Mills, C., O’Donnell, S.A.L., Parker, C., Ryan, M., Weatherdon, L., Despot-Belmonte, K., Sutherland, W.J. & Robertson, R.J. 2017. Decision support tools in conservation: a workshop to improve user-centred design. Research Ideas and Outcomes 3: e21074.

Santangeli, A. & Sutherland, W. J. 2017. The financial return from measuring impact. Conservation Letters 10(3): 354–360. DOI:10.1111/conl.12284

Sutherland, W.J., Barnard, P., Broad, S., Clout, M., Connor, B., Côté, I.M., Dicks, L.V., Doran, H., Entwistle, A.C., Fleishman, E., Fox, M., Gaston, K.J., Gibbons, D.W., Jiang, Z., Keim, B., Lickorish, F.A., Markillie, P., Monk, K.A., Pearce-Higgins, J.W., Peck, L.S., Pretty, J., Spalding, M.D., Tonneijck, F.H., Wintle, B.C. & Ockendon, N. 2017. A 2017 horizon scan of emerging issues for global conservation and biological diversity. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 32(1): 31–40.

Sutherland, W.J., Burke, E., Clements, A., Connor, B., Martin, J., Mitchell, C., Monk, K.A., Rogalla von Bieberstein, K. & Thompson, D.B.A. 2017. What are the forthcoming legislative issues of interest to ecologists and conservationists in 2017? BES Bulletin 48(1): 66–75.

Sutherland, W.J., Dicks, L.V., Ockendon, N. & Smith, R.K. 2017. What Works in Conservation 2017. Cambridge, UK: Open Book Publishers.

Sutherland, W.J., Shackleford, G., Rose, D.C. 2017. Collaborating with communities: co-production or co-assessment? Oryx 51(4): 569–570. DOI:10.1017/S0030605317001296

Sutherland, W.J. & Wordley, C.F. 2017. Evidence complacency hampers conservation. Nature Ecology & Evolution 1: 1215–1216. DOI:10.1038/s41559-017-0244-1

Valone, T.J., Barta, Z., Borner, J., Cardenas, J.-C., Giraldeau, L.-A., Kokko, H., Oldekop, J.A., Pauly, D., Rustagi, D. & Sutherland, W.J. 2017. Governance of renewable resources. Insights from Game theory. In: Giraldeau, L.-A., Heeb, P. & Kosfeld, M. (Eds.) Investors and Exploiters in Ecology and Economics. pp96-115. Cambridge: MIT Press.

Wintle, B., Boehm, C., Rhodes, C., Molloy, J., Millett, P., Adam, L., Breitling, R., Carlson, R., Casagrande, R., Dando, M., Doubleday, R., Drexler, E., Edwards, B., Ellis, T., Evans, N., Hammond, R., Haseloff, J., Kahl, L., Kuiken, T., Lichman, B., Matthewman, C., Napier, J., Ó hÉigeartaigh, S., Patron, N., Perello, E., Shapira, P., Tait, J., Takano, E. & Sutherland W. 2017. A transatlantic perspective on 20 emerging issues in biological engineering. e-Life 6: e30247 DOI:10.7554/eLife.30247


Amano, T., González-Varo, J.P. & Sutherland, W.J. 2016. Languages are still a major barrier to global science. PLOS Biology 14(12): e2000933. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.2000933

Amano, T., Lamming, J. & Sutherland, W.J. 2016. Spatial gaps in global biodiversity information and the role of citizen science. BioScience 66: 393–400. DOI: 10.1093/biosci/biw022.

Dicks, L.V., Wright, H.L., Ashpole, J.E., Hutchison, J., McCormack, C.G., Livoreil, B., Zulka, K.P. & Sutherland, W.J. 2016. What works in conservation? Using expert assessment of summarised evidence to 6 identify practices that enhance natural pest control in agriculture. Biodiversity and Conservation 25: 1383–1399. DOI 10.1007/s10531-016-1133-7

Gardner, J.L., Amano, A., Sutherland, W.J., Clayton, M. & Peters, A. 2016. Individual and demographic consequences of reduced body condition following repeated exposure to high temperatures. Ecology 97: 786–795.

Greggor, A., Berger-Tal, O., Blumstein, D.T., Angeloni, L., Bessa-Gomes, C., Blackwell, B.F., Cassady St Clair, C., Crooks, K., de Silva, S., Fernández-Juricic, E., Goldenberg, S.Z., Mesnick, S.L., Owen, M., Price, C.J., Saltz, D., Schell, C.J., Suarez, A.V., Swaisgood, R.R., Winchell, C.S. & Sutherland, W.J. 2016. Research priorities from animal behaviour for maximizing conservation progress. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 31(12): 953–964.

Joppa, L.N., O’Connor, B., Visconti, P., Smith, C., Geldmann, J., Hofmann, M., Watson, J.E.M., Butchart, S.H.M., Virah- Sawmy, M., Halpern, B.S., Ahmed, S.E., Balmford, A., Sutherland, W.J., Harfoot, M., Hilton-Taylor, C., Foden, W., Di Minin, E., Pagad, S., Genovesi, P., Hutton, J., Burgess, N.D. 2016. Filling in biodiversity threat gaps. Science 352: 416–418.

Kaiser M.J., Hilborn R., Jennings S., Amaroso R., Andersen M., Balliet K., Barratt E., Bergstad O.A., Bishop S., Bostrom J.L., Boyd C., Bruce E.A., Burden M., Carey C., Clermont J., Collie J.S., Delahunty A., Dixon J., Eayrs S., Edwards N., Fujita R., Gauvin J., Gleason M., Harris B., He P., Hiddink J.G., Hughes K.M., Inostroza M., Kenny A., Kritzer J., Kuntzsch V., Lasta M., Lopez I., Loveridge C., Lynch D., Masters J., Mazor T., McConnaughey R.A., Moenne M., Neat F., Nimick A.M., Olsen A., Parker D., Parma A., Penney C., Pierce D., Pitcher R., Pol M., Richardson E., Rijnsdorp A.D., Rilatt S., Rodmell D.P., Rose C., Sethi S.A., Short K., Suuronen P., Taylor E., Wallace S., Webb L., Wickham E., Wilding S.R., Wilson A., Winger P. & Sutherland W.J. 2016. Prioritisation of knowledge needs to achieve best practices for bottom-trawling in relation to seabed habitats. Fish and Fisheries 17: 637–663. DOI: 10.1111/faf.12134

Kark, S., Sutherland, W.J., Shanas, U., Klass, K., Achisar, H., Dayan, T., Gavrieli, Y., Justo-Hanani, R., Mandelik, Y., Orion, N., Pargament, D., Portman, M., Reisman-Berman, O., Safriel, U.N., Schaffer, G., Steiner, N., Tauber, I. & Levin, N. 2016. Priority questions and horizon scanning for conservation: a comparative study. PLoS ONE 11(1): e.

Key, G., Whitfield, M.G., Cooper, J., De Vries, F., Collison, M., Dedousis, T., Heathcote, R., Roth, B., Mohammed, S., Molyneux, A., Van der Putten, W., Dicks, L., Sutherland, W. & Bardgett, R.D. 2016. Knowledge needs, available actions and future challenges in agricultural soils. Soil 2: 511–521.

Lin, Y. & Sutherland, W.J. 2016. Compartmentalization influences the response of bioenergetic ecological networks to species declines. Journal of Complex Networks 4(1):140–155. DOI: 10.1093/comnet/cnv007 

McCormack, C.G., Born, W., Irvine, P. J., Achterberg, E. P., Amano, T., Ardron, J., Blackstock, J.J., Foster, P. N., Gattuso, J.-P., Hawkins, S.J., Hendy, E., Kissling, W.D., Lluch-Cota, S.E., Murphy, E.J., Ostle, N., Owens, N., Perry, R.I., Pörtner, H.O., Scholes, R.J., Schurr, F.M., Schweiger, O., Settele, J., Smith, R.K., Smith, S., Thompson, J., Tittensor, D.P., van Kleunen, M., Vivian, C., Vohland, K., Warren, R., Watkinson, A., Widdicombe, S., Williamson, P., Woods, E. & Sutherland, W. J. 2016. Key impacts of climate engineering on biodiversity and ecosystems, with priorities for future research. Journal of Integrative Environmental Sciences 13:2–4, 103–128. DOI: 10.1080/1943815X.2016.1159578 

Mukherjee, N., Dicks, L.V., Shackelford, G.E., Vira, B. & Sutherland, W.J. 2016. Comparing groups versus individuals in decision making: a systematic review protocol. Environmental Evidence 5: 19. DOI: 10.1186/s13750-016-0066-7

Mupepele, A-C., Walsh, J.C., Sutherland, W.J. & Dormann, C.F. 2016. An evidence assessment tool for ecosystem services and conservation studies. Ecological Applications 26: 1295–1301. DOI: 10.1890/15-0595

Oldekop, J.A., Fontana, L.B., Grugel, J., Roughton, N., Adu-Ampong, E.A., Bird, G.K., Dorgan, A., Espinoza, M.A.V., Wallin, S., Hammett, D., Agbarakwe, E., Agrawal, A., Asylbekova, N., Azkoul, C., Bardsley, C., Bebbington, A.J., Carvalho, S., Chopra, D., Christopoulos, S., Crewe, E., Dop, M.-C., Fischer, J., Gerretsen, D., Glennie, J., Gois, W., Gondwe, M., Harrison, L.A., Hujo, K., Keen, M., Laserna, R., Miggiano, L., Mistry, S., Morgan, R.J., Raftree, L.L., Rhind, D., Rodrigues, T., Roschnik, S., Senkubuge, F., Thornton, I., Trace, S., Ore, T., Mauricio Valdés, R., Vira, B., Yeates, N. & Sutherland, W.J. 2016. 100 key research questions for the post-2015 development agenda. Development Policy Review 34(1): 55–82. DOI: 10.1111/dpr.12147

Rose, D.C., Sutherland, W.J., Parker. C.G., Winter, M., Lobley, M., Morris, C., Ffoulkes, C., Twining, S., Amano, T. & Dicks, L. V. 2016. Decision support tools in agriculture: towards effective design and delivery. Agricultural Systems 149: 165–174.

Santangeli, A., Arroyo, B. Dicks, L.V., Herzon, I., Kukkala, A.S., Sutherland, W.J. Moilanen, A. 2016. Voluntary non-monetary approaches for implementing conservation. Biological Conservation 197: 209–214.

Skórka, P., Lenda, M. & Sutherland, W.J. 2016. Response of young and adult birds to the same environmental variables and different spatial scales during post breeding period. Landscape Ecology 31: 1–16. DOI: 10.1007/s10980-016-0382-x

Sutherland, W.J., Broad, S., Caine, J., Clout, M., Dicks, L.V., Doran, H., Entwistle, A.C., Fleishman, E., Gibbons, D.W., Keim, B., LeAnstey, B., Lickorish, F.A., Markillie, P., Monk, K.A., Mortimer, D., Ockendon, N., Pearce-Higgins, J.W., Peck, L.S., Pretty, J., Rockström, J., Spalding, M.D., Tonneijck, F.H., Wintle, B.C. & Wright, K.E. 2016. A horizon scan of global conservation issues for 2016. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 31(1): 44–53.

Sutherland, W.J., Burke, E., Clements, A., Connor, B., Martin, J., McNamee, P., Mitchell, C., Monk, K.A., Rogalla von Bieberstein, K. & Thompson, D.B.A. 2016. What are the forthcoming legislative issues of interest to ecologists and conservationists in 2016? Bulletin British Ecological Society 47(1): 45–54.

Tancell, C., Sutherland, W.J. & Phillips, R.A. 2016. Marine spatial planning for the conservation of albatrosses and large petrels breeding at South Georgia. Biological Conservation 198: 165-176.

Xavier, J.C., Brandt, A., Ropert-Coudert, Y., Badhe, R., Gutt, J., Havermans, C., Jones, C., Costa, E.S., Lochte, K., Schloss, I.R., Kennicutt II,, M.C. & Sutherland, W.J. 2016. Future challenges in Southern Ocean ecology research. Frontiers in Marine Science 3: 94. DOI: 10.3389/fmars.2016.00094


Aldridge, D.C., Aldridge, S.L., Mead, A., Scales, H., Smith, R.K., Zieritz, A. & Sutherland, W.J. 2015. Control of Freshwater Invasive Species: Global Evidence for the Effects of Selected Interventions. University of Cambridge, UK.

Bauduceau, N., Berry, P., Cecchi, C., Elmqvist, T., Fernandez, M., Hartig, T., Krull, W., Mayerhofer, E., Sandra, N., Noring, L., Raskin-Delisle, K., Roozen, E., Sutherland, W. & Tack, J. 2015. Towards an EU Research and Innovation Policy Agenda for Nature-based Solutions and Re-naturing Cities. Publications Office of the European Union, 2015. DOI: 10.2777/765301

Batáry, P., Dicks, L.V., Kleijn, D. & Sutherland, W.J. 2015. The role of agri-environment schemes in conservation and environmental management. Conservation Biology 29: 1006–1016. DOI: 10.1111/cobi.1253
Boitani, L. & Sutherland, W.J. 2015. Introduction: Special Section: Conservation in Europe as a model for emerging conservation issues globally. Conservation Biology 9(4): 975–977.  DOI: 10.1111/cobi.12530

Hanson, S., French, J., Spencer, T., Brown, I., Nicholls, R.J., Sutherland, W.J., & Balson, P. 2015. Evaluating broad-scale morphological change in the coastal zone using a behavioural systems approach. In: Nicholls, R.J., Dawson, R.J., Day, S.A. (Eds.) Broad Scale Coastal Simulation: New Techniques to Understand and Manage Shorelines in the Third Millennium. Springer: Netherlands. pp. 147–165.

Hopkins J., Ockendon N. & Sutherland W.J. 2015. Our mission to transform conservation practice. Conservation Evidence 12:1.

Jones, A.C., Mead, A., Kaiser, M.J., Austen, M.C.V., Adrian, A.W., Auchterlonie, N.A., Black, K.D., Blow, L.R., Bury, C., Brown, J.H., Burnell, G.M., Connolly, E.M., Dingwall, A., Derrick, S., Eno, N.C., Gautier, D.J.H., Green, K.A., Gubbins, M., Hart, P.R., Holmyard, J.M., Immink, A.J., Jarrad, D.L., Katoh, E., Langley, J.C.R., Lee, D.O.C., Le Vay, L., Leftwich, C.P., Mitchell, M., Moore, A., Murray, A.G., McLaren, E.M.R., Norbury, H., Parker, D., Parry, S.O., Purchase, D., Rahman, A., Sanver, F., Siggs, M., Simpson, S.D., Slaski, R.J., Smith, K., Syvret, M.L.Q., Tibbott, C., Thomas, P.C., Turnbull, J., Whiteley, R., Whittles, M., Wilcockson, M.J., Wilson, J., Dicks, L.V. & Sutherland, W.J. 2015. Prioritization of knowledge needs for sustainable aquaculture: a national and global perspective. Fish and Fisheries 16: 668–683. DOI: 10.1111/faf.12086

Kennicutt, II, M.C., Chown, S.L., Cassano, J.J., Liggett, D., Peck, L.S., Massom, R., Rintoul, S.R., Storey, J., Vaughan, D.G., Wilson, T.J., Allison, I., Ayton, J., Badhe, R., Baeseman, J., Barrett, P.J., Bell, R.E., Bertler, N., Bo, S., Brandt, A., Bromwich, D., Cary, C., Clark, M.S., Convey, P., Costa, E.S., Cowan, D., Deconto, R., Dunbar, R., Elfring, C., Escutia, C., Francis, J., Fricker, H.A., Fukuchi, M., Gilbert, N., Gutt, J., Havermans, C., Hik, D., Hosie, G., Jones, C., Kim, Y.D., Le Maho, Y., Lee, S.H., Leppe, M., Leitchenkov, G., Li, X., Lipenkov, V., Lochte, K., Lopez-Martinez, J., Ludecke, C.J., Lyons, W., Marenssi, S., Miller, H., Morozova, P., Naish, T., Nayak, S., Ravindra, R., Retamales, J., Ricci, C.A., Rogan-Finnemore, M., Ropert-Coudert, Y., Samah, A.A., Sanson L., Scambos, T., Schloss, I.R., Shiraishi, K., Siegert, M.J., Simoes, J., Sparrow, M.D., Storey, B., Wall, D.H., Walsh, J.C., Wilson, G., Winther, J.C., Xavier, J.C., Yang, H. & Sutherland, W.J. 2015. A roadmap for Antarctic and Southern Ocean science for the next two decades and beyond. Antarctic Science 27: 3–18. 

Mihóka, B., Kovács, E., Balázs, B., Pataki, G., Ambrus, A., Barthaf, D., Cziráks, Z., Csányi, S., Csépányii, P., Csoszi, M., Dudás, G., Egri, C., Eros, T., Gori, S., Halmos, G., Kopek, A., Margóczi, K., Miklay, G., Milonq, L., Podmaniczky, L., Sárvári, J., Schmidt, A., Sipos, K., Siposs, V., Standovár, T., Szigetvári, C., Szemethy, L., Tótht, B., Tóthk, L., Tóth, P., Töröka, K., Töröky, P., Vadászz, C., Vargas, I., Sutherland, W.J. & Báldi, A. 2015. Bridging the research-practice gap: Conservation research priorities in a Central and Eastern European country. Journal for Nature Conservation 23: 133–148.

Mokresh, M., Gardiner, S., Nicholls, R.J., Watkinson, A.R. & Sutherland, W.J. 2015. Coastal wetland habitats: future challenges and potential solutions. In: Nicholls, R.J., Dawson, R.J. & Day, S.A. (Eds.) Broad Scale Coastal Simulation: New Techniques to Understand and Manage Shorelines in the Third Millennium. Springer: Netherlands. pp. 167–186.  

Mukherjee, N., Hugé, J., Sutherland, W.J., McNeill, J., Van Opstal, M., Dahdouh-Guebas, F. & Koedam, N. 2015. The Delphi technique in ecology and biological conservation: applications and guidelines. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 6: 1097–1109. DOI: 10.1111/2041-210X.12387

Mulder, C., Bennett, E.M., Bohan, D.A., Bonkowski, M., Carpenter, S.R., Chalmers, R., Cramer, W., Durance, I., Eisenhauer, N., Fontaine, C., Haughton, A.J., Hettelingh, J.-P.,  Hines, J., Ibanez, S., Jeppesen, E., Adams Krumins, J., Ma, A., Mancinelli, G., Massol, F., McLaughlin, O., Naeem, S., Pascual, U., Peñuelas, J., Pettorelli, N., Pocock, M.J.O.,  Raffaelli, D., Rasmussen, J.J., Rusch, G.M., Scherber, C., Setälä, H., Sutherland, W.J., Vacher, C., Voigt, W., Vonk, J.A., Wood, S.A. & Woodward, G. 2015. 10 years later: Revisiting priorities for science and society a decade after the Millenium Ecosystem Assessment. Advances in Ecological Research 53: 1–53.

Ochoa-Quintero, J.M., Gardner, T., Rosa, I., Ferraz, S. & Sutherland, W. 2015. Thresholds of species loss in Amazonian deforestation frontier landscapes. Conservation Biology 29: 440–451. DOI: 10.1111/cobi.12446

Parsons, E.C.M., Baulch, S.,  Bechshoft, T., Bellazzi, G., Bouchet, P., Cosentino, A.M., Godard-Codding, A.J., Gulland, F.,  Hoffmann-Kuhnt, M., Hoyt, E., Livermore, S., MacLeod, C.D., Matrai, E., Munger, L., Ochiai, M., Peyman, A., Recalde-Salas, A., Regnery, R., Rojas-Bracho, L., Salgado-Kent, C.P., Slooten, E., Wang, J.Y., Wilson, S.C., Wright, A.J.,  Young, S., Zwamborn, E. & Sutherland, W.J. 2015. Key research questions of global importance for cetacean conservation. Endangered Species Research 27: 113–118. DOI: 10.3354/esr00655

Pearce-Higgins, J.W., Ockendon, N., Baker, D.J., Carr, J., White, E.C., Almond, R.E.A., Amano, T., Bertram, E., Bradbury, R.B., Bradley, C., Butchart, S.H.M., Doswald, N., Foden, W., Gill, D.J.C., Green, R.E., Sutherland, W.J. & Tanner, E.V.J. 2015. Geographical variation in species' population responses to changes in temperature and precipitation. Proc. R. Soc. B 282: 20151561.

Pocock, M.J.O., Newson, S.E., Henderson, I.G., Peyton, J., Sutherland ,W.J., Noble, D.G., Ball, S.G., Beckmann, B.C., Biggs, J., Brereton, T., Bullock, D.J., Buckland, S T., Edwards, M., Eaton, M.A., Harvey, M.C., Hill, M.O., Horlock, M., Hubble, D.S., Julian, A.M., Mackey, E.C., Mann, D.J., Marshall, M.J., Medlock, J.M., O'Mahony, E.M., Pacheco, M., Porter, K., Prentice, S., Procter, D.A., Roy, H.E., Southway, S.E., Shortall, C.R., Stewart, A.J.A., Wembridge, D.E., Wright, M.A. & Roy, D.B. 2015. Developing and enhancing biodiversity monitoring programmes: a collaborative assessment of priorities. Journal of Applied Ecology 52: 686–695. DOI: 10.1111/1365-2664.12423

Redpath, S.M. & Sutherland, W.J. 2015. The value of ecological information in conservation conflict. In: Redpath, S.M., Gutiérrez, R.J., Wood, K.A. & Young, J.C. (Eds.) Conflicts in Conservation: Navigating Towards Solutions. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK. pp. 35–45.

Skórka, P., Lenda, M., Moroń, D., Martyka, R., Tryjanowski, P. & Sutherland, W.J. 2015. Biodiversity collision blackspots in Poland: Separation causality from stochasticity in roadkills of butterflies. Biological Conservation 187: 154–163.

Spooner, F., Smith, R.K. & Sutherland, W.J. 2015. Trends, biases and effectiveness in reported conservation interventions. Conservation Evidence 12: 2–7.

Sutherland, W.J. & Burgmann, M. 2015. Use experts wisely. Nature 526: 317–318.

Sutherland, W.J., Clements, A., Benwell, R., Burke, E., Connor, B., Martin, J., Monk, K.A., von Bieberstein, K.R. & Thompson, D.B.A. 2015. What are the forthcoming legislative issues of interest to ecologists and conservationists in 2015? Bulletin British Ecological Society 46: 48–56.

Sutherland, W.J., Clout, M., Depledge, M., Dicks, L.V., Dinsdale, J., Entwistle, A.C., Fleishman, E., Gibbons, D.W., Keim, B., Lickorish, F.A., Monk, K.A., Ockendon, N., Peck, L.S., Pretty, J., Rockström, J., Spalding, M. D., Tonneijck, F.H. & Wintle, B.C. 2015. A horizon scan of global conservation issues for 2015. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 30: 17–24.  DOI: 10.1016/j.tree.2014.11.002 

Sutherland, W.J., Dicks, L.V., Ockendon, N. & Smith, R.K. (Eds.) 2015. What Works in Conservation. Open Book Publishers: Cambridge, UK. http://dx.doi. org/10.11647/OBP.0060

Sutherland, W.J., Roy, D.B. & Amano, T. 2015. An agenda for the future of biological recording for ecological monitoring and citizen science. Biological Journal of the Linnaean Society 115: 779–784.   DOI: 10.1111/bij.12543 

Walsh, J.C., Dicks, L.V. & Sutherland, W.J. 2015. The effect of scientific evidence on conservation practitioners' management decisions. Conservation Biology 29: 88–98. DOI: 10.1111/cobi.12370


Amano, T., Freckleton, R.P., Queenborough, S.A., Doxford, S.W., Smithers, R.J., Sparks, T.H. & Sutherland, W.J. 2014. Links between plant species’ spatial and temporal responses to a warming climate. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 281: 20133017.

Amano, T., Sandel, B., Eager, H., Bulteau, E., Svenning, J.-C., Dalsgaard, B., Rahbek, C., Davies, R.G. & Sutherland, W.J. 2014. Global distribution and drivers of language extinction risk. Proc. R. Soc. B. 281: 20141574.

Atkinson, P.W., Adams, W.M., Brouwer, L., Buchanan, G., Cheke, R.A., Cresswell, W., Hewson, C.H., Hulme, M.F., Manvell, A., Sheehan, D.K., Small, R.D.S., Sutherland, W.J. & Juliet, J.A. 2014. Defining the key wintering habitats in the Sahel for declining African-Eurasian migrants using expert assessment. Bird Conservation International 24: 477–491.

Cook, C.N., Inayatullah, S., Burgman, M.A., Sutherland, W.J. & Wintle, B.A. 2014. Strategic foresight: how planning for the unpredictable can improve environmental decision-making. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 29: 531–541.

Cooke, S.J., Blumstein, D.T., Buchholz, R., Caro, T., Fernández-Juricic, E., Franklin, C.E., Metcalfe, J., O’Connor, C.M., Cassady St. Clair, C., Sutherland, W.J. & Wikelski, M. 2014. Physiology, behaviour and conservation. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology 87: 1–14.

Dalsgaard, B., Carstensen, D.W., Fjelds, J., Maruyama, P.K., Rahbek, C., Sandel, B., Sonne, J., Svenning, J.-C., Wang, Z. & Sutherland, W.J. 2014. Determinants of bird species richness, endemism, and island network roles in Wallacea and the West Indies: Is geography sufficient or does current and historical climate matter? Ecology and Evolution 4: 4019–4031.

Dicks, L.V., Ashpole, J.E., Dänhardt, J., James, K., Jönsson, A., Randall, N., Showler, D.A., Smith, R.K., Turpie, S., Williams, D. & Sutherland, W.J. 2014. Farmland Conservation: Evidence for the Effects of Interventions in Northern Europe. Pelagic Publishing: Exeter, UK. 504 pp.

Dicks, L.V., Hodge, I., Randall, N.P., Scharlemann, J.P.W., Siriwardena, G.M., Smith, H.G., Smith, R.K. & Sutherland, W.J. 2014. A transparent process for “evidence-informed” policy making. Conservation Letters 7: 119–125. DOI: 10.1111/conl.12046

Dicks, L.V., Walsh, J.C. & Sutherland, W.J. 2014. Organising evidence for environmental management decisions: a '4S' hierarchy. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 29(11): 607–613. DOI: 10.1016/j.tree.2014.09.004

Durant, S., Pettorelli, N., Blackburn, T., Baillie, J., Boxshall, G., Brooks, S., Carbone, C., Coulson, T., Crees, J., Cunningham, A., Daniels, M., Deinet, S., Ewen, J., Gaston, K., Gregory, R., Hayward, M., MacDonald, D., Mace, G., May, R., Norris, K., Pimm, S.,  Raffaelli, D., Redpath, S. & Sutherland, W. 2014. Non-native species: UK bill could prompt biodiversity loss. Nature 512: 253. 

Gardner, J.L., Amano, T., Backwell, P.R.Y., Ikin, K., Sutherland, W.J. & Peters, A. 2014. Temporal patterns of avian body size reflect linear size responses to broadscale environmental change over the last 50 years. Journal of Avian Biology 45: 529–535. DOI:10.1111/jav.00431

Gardner, J.L., Amano, T., Mackey, B.G., Sutherland, W.J., Clayton, M. & Peters, A. 2014. Dynamic size responses to climate change: prevailing effects of rising temperature drive long-term body size increases in a semi-arid passerine. Global Change Biology 20: 2062–2075.

Gardner, J.L., Amano, T., Sutherland, W.J., Joseph, L. & Peters, A. 2014. Are natural history collections coming to an end as time-series? Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 12: 436–438.

Gill, J.A, Alves, J.A., Sutherland, W.J., Appleton, G.F., Potts, P.M. & Gunnarsson, T.G. 2014. Why is timing of bird migration advancing when individuals are not? Proc. R. Soc. B. 281: 20132161.  DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2013.2161

Gusset, M., Fa, J.E., Sutherland, W.J., and the Horizon Scanners for Zoos and Aquariums 2014. 2014. A horizon scan for species conservation by zoos and aquariums. Zoo Biology 33: 375–380.

Hoffmann, A., Penner, J., Cramer, W., Doubleday, R., Henle, K., Kuhn, I., Kunin, W.E., Negro, J.J., Penev, L., Rodriguez, C., Saarenmaa, H., Schmeller, D.S., Stoev, P., Sutherland, W.J., Tuama, E.O., Wetzel1, F. & Hauser, C.L. 2014. Improved access to integrated biodiversity data for science, practice, and policy – the European Biodiversity Observation Network (EU BON). Nature Conservation 6: 49–65.

Kennicutt II, M.C., Chown, S.L., Cassano, J.J., Liggett, D., Massom, R., Peck, L.S., Rintoul, S.R., Storey, J.W.V., Vaughan, D.G, Wilson, T.J. & Sutherland, W.J. 2014. Six priorities for Antarctic science. Nature 512: 23–25.

Lenda M., Skorka, P., Knops, J.M.H., Moron, D., Sutherland, W.J., Kuszewska, K. & Woyciechowski, M. 2014. Effect of the internet commerce on dispersal modes of invasive alien species. PLoS ONE 9(6): e99786.

Lin, Y. & Sutherland, W.J. 2014. Interaction modification effects on ecological networks are affected by ratio dependence and network topology. Journal of Theoretical Biology 363: 151–157.

Lin, Y. & Sutherland, W.J. 2014. Extinction and invasion do not add up in noisy dynamic ecological networks. Basic and Applied Ecology 15: 475–485.

Moilanen, A., Laitila, J., Vaahtoranta, T., Dicks, L.V. & Sutherland, W.J. 2014. Structured analysis of conservation strategies applied to temporary conservation. Biological Conservation 170: 188–197.

Mukherjee, N., Sutherland, W.J., Dicks, L., Hugé, J. & Koedam, N. 2014. Ecosystem service valuations of mangrove ecosystems to inform decision making and future valuation exercises. PLoS ONE 9(9): e107706.

Mukherjee, N., Sutherland, W.J., Khan, N.I., Berger, U., Schmitz, N., Dahdouh-Guebas, F. & Koedam, N. 2014. Using expert knowledge and modelling to define mangrove composition, functioning, and threats and estimate time frame for recovery. Ecology and Evolution 4: 2247–2262.

Ockendon, N., Baker, D., Carr, J., White, E., Almond, R., Amano, T., Bertram, E., Bradbury, R., Bradley, C., Butchart, S., Doswald, N., Foden, W., Gill, D., Green, R.E., Sutherland, W.J., Tanner, E. & Pearce-Higgins, J. Mechanisms underpinning climatic impacts on natural populations: Altered species interactions are more important than direct effects. 2014. Global Change Biology 20: 2221–2229.

Parker, M., Acland, A., Armstrong, A.J., Bellingham, J.R., Bland, J., Bodmer, H.C., Burrall, S., Castell, S., Chilvers, J., Cleevely, D.D., Cope, D., Costanzo, L., Dolan, J.A., Doubleday, R., Feng, W.Y., Godfray, H.C.J., Good, D.A., Grant, J., Green, N., Groen, A.J., Guilliams, T.T., Gupta, S., Hall, A.C., Heathfield, A., Hotopp, U., Kass, G., Leeder, T., Lickorish, F.A., Lueshi, L.M., Magee, C., Mata, T., McBride, T., McCarthy, N., Mercer, A., Neilson, R., Ouchikh, J., Oughton, E.J., Oxenham, D., Pallett, H., Palmer, J., Patmore, J., Petts, J., Pinkerton, J., Ploszek, R., Pratt, A., Rocks, S.A., Stansfield, N., Surkovic, E., Tyler, C.P., Watkinson, A.R., Wentworth, J., Willis, R., Wollner, P.K.A., Worts, K. & Sutherland, WJ. 2014. Identifying the science and technology dimensions of emerging public policy issues through horizon scanning. PLoS ONE 9(5): e96480. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0096480

Parsons, E.C.M., Favaro, B., Aguirre, A.A., Bauer, A.L., Blight, L.K., Cigliano, J.A., Coleman, M.A., Côté, I.M., Draheim, M., Fletcher, S., Foley, M.M., Jefferson, R., Jones, M.C., Kelaher, B.P., Lundquist, C.J., McCarthy, J.-B., Nelson, A., Patterson, K., Walsh, L. Wright, A.J. & Sutherland, W.J. 2014. Seventy-one important questions for conservation of marine biodiversity. Conservation Biology 28: 1206–1214.

Pe'er, G., Dicks, L.V., Visconti, P., Arlettaz, R., Báldi, A., Benton, T.G., Collins, S., Dieterich, M., Gregory, R.D., Hartig, F., Henle, K., Hobson, P.R., Kleijn, D., Neumann, R.K., Robijns, T., Schmidt, J., Shwartz, A., Sutherland, W.J., Turbé, A., Wulf, F. & Scott, A.V. 2014. EU agricultural reform fails on biodiversity. Science 344: 1090–1092.

Smith R.K., Dicks L.V., Mitchell, R. & Sutherland, W.J. 2014. Comparative effectiveness research: The missing link in conservation. Conservation Evidence 11: 2–6.

Smith, R.K. & Sutherland, W.J. 2014. Amphibian Conservation: Global Evidence for the Effects of Interventions. Pelagic Publishing: Exeter, UK. 279 pp.

Sutherland, W.J., Aveling, R., Brooks, T., Clout, M., Dicks, L.V., Fellman, L., Fleishman, E., Gibbons, D.W., Keim, B., Lickorish, F., Monk, K.A., Mortimer, D., Peck, L.S., Pretty, J., Rockström, J., Rodriguez, J.P., Smith, R.K., Spalding, M.D., Tonneijck, F.H. & Watkinson, A.R. 2014. Horizon scan of global conservation issues for 2014. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 29: 15–22.

Sutherland, W.J., Clements, A., Crane, E., Pilbeam, C., Martin, J., Monk, K.A., von Bieberstein, K.R., & Thompson, D.B.A. 2014. What are the forthcoming legislative issues of interest to ecologists and conservationists in 2014? Bulletin British Ecological Society 45(1): 32–37.

Sutherland, W.J., Gardner, T., Bogich, T.L., Bradbury, R.B., Clothier, B., Jonsson, M., Kapos, V., Lane, S.N., Möller, I., Schroeder, M., Spalding, M., Spencer, T., White, P.C.L. & Dicks, L.V. 2014. Solution scanning as a key policy tool: identifying management interventions to help maintain and enhance regulating ecosystem services. Ecology and Society 19(2): 3.

Sutherland, W.J., Gardner, T.A., Haider, J. & Dicks, L.V. 2014. How can local and traditional knowledge be effectively incorporated into international assessments? Oryx 48: 1–2.

Sutherland, W.J., Smith, R.K., Mitchell, R. & Dicks, L.V. .2014. Introduction of short communications in the Conservation Evidence journal. Conservation Evidence 11: 1.


Alves, J.A., Gunnarsson, T.G., Hayhow, D.B., Appleton, G.F., Potts, P.M., Sutherland, W.J. & Gill, J.A. 2013. Costs, benefits and fitness consequences of different migratory strategies. Ecology 94: 11–17.

Alves, J.A., Gunnarsson, T.G., Hayhow, D.B., Appleton, G.F., Potts, P.M., Sutherland, W.J. & Gill, J.A. 2013. Energetic trade-offs of black-tailed godwits. Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America 94: 95–99.

Alves, J.A., Gunnarsson, T.G., Potts, P.M., Sutherland, W.J. & Gill, J.A. 2013. Sex-biases in distribution and resource use at different spatial scales in a migratory shorebird. Ecology and Evolution 3: 1079–1090.

Amano, T. & Sutherland, W.J. 2013. Four barriers to the global understanding of biodiversity conservation: wealth, language, geographical location and security. Proc. R. Soc. B 280: 20122649.

Carstensen, D.W., Dalsgaard, B., Svenning, J.C., Rahbek, C., Fjeldså, J., Sutherland, W.J. & Olesen, J.M. 2013. The functional biogeography of species: biogeographical species roles of birds in Wallacea and the West Indies. Ecography 36: 1097–1105.

Child, M.F., Peel, M.J.S., Smit, I.P.J. & Sutherland, W.J. 2013. Quantifying the effects of diverse private protected area management systems on ecosystem properties in a Savanna Biome, South Africa. Oryx 47: 29–40.

Clements, T., Rainey, H.J., An, D., Rours, V., Tan, S., Thong, S., Sutherland, W.J. & Milner-Gulland, E.J. 2013. An evaluation of the effectiveness of a direct payment for biodiversity conservation: the Bird Nest Protection Program in the Northern Plains of Cambodia. Biological Conservation 157: 50–59.

Cooke, I.R., Mattison, E.H.A., Audsley, E., Bailey, A.P., Freckleton, R.P., Graves, A.R., Morris, J., Queenborough, S.A., Sandars, D.L., Siriwardena, G.M., Trawick, P., Watkinson, A.R. & Sutherland, W.J. 2013. Empirical test of an agricultural landscape model: the importance of farmer preference for risk-aversion and crop complexity. SAGE Open 3: 1–16. DOI: 10.1177/2158244013486491

Dalsgaard, B., Trøjelsgaard, K., Martín González, A.M., Nogués-Bravo, D., Ollerton, J., Petanidou, T., Sandel, B., Schleuning, M., Wang, Z., Rahbek, C., Sutherland, W.J., Svenning, J.-C. & Olesen, J.M. 2013. Historical climate-change influences modularity and nestedness of pollination networks. Ecography 36: 1331–1340. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0587.2013.00201.x

Dicks, L.V., Abrahams, A., Atkinson, J., Biesmeijer, J., Bourn, N., Brown, C., Brown, M.J.F., Carvell, C., Connolly, C., Cresswell, J.E., Croft, P., Darvill, B., De Zylva, P., Effingham, P., Fountain, M., Goggin, A., Harding, D., Harding, T., Hartfield, C., Heard, M. S., Heathcote, R., Heaver, D., Holland, J., Howe, M., Hughes, B., Huxley, T., Kunin, W. E., Little, J., Mason, C., Memmott, J., Osborne, J., Pankhurst, T., Paxton, R. J., Pocock, M.J.O., Potts, S.G., Power, E.F., Raine, N.E., Ranelagh, E., Roberts, S., Saunders, R., Smith, K., Smith, R.M., Sutton, P., Tilley, L.A.N., Tinsley, A., Tonhasca, A., Vanbergen, A.J., Webster, S., Wilson, A., Sutherland, W.J. 2013. Identifying key knowledge needs for evidence-based conservation of wild insect pollinators: A collaborative cross-sectoral exercise. Insect Conservation and Diversity 6: 435–446. DOI: 10.1111/j.1752-4598.2012.00221.x

Dicks, L.V., Bardgett, R.D., Bell, J., Benton, T.G.,  Booth, A., Bouwman, J., Brown, C., Bruce, A., Burgess, P.J., Butler, S.J., Crute, I., Dixon, F., Drummond, C., Freckleton, R.P., Gill, M., Graham, A., Hails, R.S., Hallett, J.,  Hart, B., Hillier, J.G., Holland, J.M., Huxley, J.N., Ingram,J.S.I., King, V., Macmillan, T., McGonigle, D.F., McQuaid, C., Nevard, T., Norman,S., Norris, K., Pazderka, C., Poonaji, I., Quinn, C.H., Ramsden,S.J., Sinclair, D., Siriwardena, G.M., Vickery, J.A., Whitmore,A.P., Wolmer, W., Sutherland, W.J. 2013. What do we need to know to enhance the environmental sustainability of agriculture? A prioritisation of knowledge needs for the UK food system. Sustainability 5: 3095–3115.

Ingram, J.S. I., Wright, H.L., Foster, L., Aldred, T., Barling, D., Benton, T.G., Berryman, P.M., Bestwick, C.S., Bows-Larkin, A., Brocklehurst, T.F., Buttriss, J., Casey, J., Collins, H., Crossley, D.S., Dolan, C.S., Dowler, E., Edwards, R., Finney, K.J., Fitzpatrick, J.L., Fowler, M., Garrett, D.A., Godfrey, J.E., Godley, A., Griffiths, W., Houlston, E.J., Kaiser, M.J., Kennard, R., Knox, J.W., Kuyk, A., Linter, B.R., Macdiarmid, J.I., Martindale, W., Mathers, J.C., McGonigle, D.F., Mead, A., Millar, S.J., Miller, A., Murray, C.,  Norton, I.T., Parry, S., Pollicino, M.,  Quested, T.E., Tassou, S., Terry, L.A., Tiffin, R.,  van de Graaf, P., Vorley, W., Westby, A. & Sutherland, W.J. 2013. Priority research questions for the UK food system. Food Security 5: 617–636.

Lin, L. & Sutherland, W.J. 2013. Color and degree of interspecific synchrony of environmental noise affect the variability of complex ecological networks. Ecological Modelling 263: 162–173.

Pullin, A.S., Sutherland, W.J., Gardner, T., Kapos, V. & Fa, J.E. 2013. Conservation priorities: Identifying need, taking action and evaluating success. In: MacDonald, D.W. & Willis, K.J. (Eds.) Key Topics in Conservation Biology 2. John Wiley & Sons: Oxford. pp. 3–22.

Redpath, S.M., Young, J., Evely, A., Adams, W.M., Sutherland, W.J., Whitehouse, A., Amar, A., Lambert, R., Linnell, J., Watt, A. & Gutièrrez, R.J. 2013. Biodiversity conservation conflicts: a roadmap to resolution.  Understanding and managing biodiversity conflicts?  Trends in Ecology and Evolution 28: 100–109.

Sutherland, W.J. 2013. Evidence-based fields should pollinate one another. Research Fortnight 420: 22.

Sutherland, W.J. 2013. Review by quality not quantity for better policy. Nature 503: 167.

Sutherland, W.J., Bardsley, S., Clout, M., Depledge, M.H., Dicks, L.V., Fellman, L., Fleishman, E., Gibbons, D.W., Keim, B., Lickorish, F., Margerison, C., Monk, K.A., Norris, K., Peck, L.S., Prior, S.V., Scharlemann, J.P.W., Spalding, M.D. & Watkinson, A.R. 2013. A horizon scan of global conservation issues for 2013. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 28: 16–22.

Sutherland, W.J., Clements, A., Harper, M., Herkenrath, P., Margerison, C., Martin, J., Monk, K.A. & Thompson, D.B.A. 2013. What are the forthcoming legislative issues of interest to ecologists and conservationists in 2013? British Ecological Society Bulletin 44: 38–43.

Sutherland, W.J, Freckleton, R.P., Godfray, H.C.J., Beissinger, S.R., Benton, T., Cameron, D.D., Carmel, Y., Coomes, D.A, Coulson, T., Emmerson, M.C., Hails, R.S., Hays, G.C., Hodgson, D.J., Hutchings, M.J., Johnson, D., Jones, J.P.G., Keeling, M.J., Kokko, H., Kunin, W.E., Lambin, X., Lewis, O.T., Malhi, Y., Mieszkowska, N., Milner-Gulland, E.J., Norris, K., Phillimore, A.B., Purves, D.W., Reid, J.M., Reuman, D.C., Thompson, K., Travis, J.M.J., Turnbull, L.A., Wardle, D.A. & Wiegand, T. 2013. Identification of 100 fundamental ecological questions. Journal of Ecology 101: 58–67. 

Sutherland, W.J., Goulden, C., Bell, K., Bennett, F., Burrall, S., Bush, M.,  Callan, S., Catcheside, K., Corner, J., D’Arcy, C.T., Dickson, M., Dolan, J.A., Doubleday, R., Eckley, B.J., Foreman, E.T., Foster, R., Gilhooly, L., Gray, A-M., Hall, A.C., Harmer, M., Hastings, A., Johnes, C., Johnstone, M., Kelly, P., Kenway, P., Lee, N., Moore, R., Ouchikh, J., Plunkett, J., Rowlingson, K., Scott Paul, A., Sefton, T.A.J.,  Shaheen, F., Sodha, S., Stearn, J., Stewart, K., Stone, E., Tinsley, M., Tomsett, R.J., Tyrer, P., Unwin, J., Wall, D.G. & Wollner, P.K.A. 2013. 100 Questions: identifying research priorities for poverty prevention and reduction. Journal of Poverty and Social Justice 21: 189–205.

Sutherland, W.J., Mitchell, R., Walsh, J., Amano, T., Ausden, M., Beebee, T.J.C., Bullock, D., Daniels, M., Deutsch, J., Griffiths, R.A., Prior, S.V., Whitten, T. & Dicks, L.V. 2013. Conservation practice could benefit from routine testing and publication of management outcomes. Conservation Evidence 10: 1–3.

Sutherland, W.J., Spiegelhalter, D. & Burgman, M. 2013. Twenty tips for interpreting scientific claims. Nature 503: 335–337.

Tancell, C., Phillips, R.A., Xavier, J.C., Tarling, G.A. & Sutherland, W.J. 2013. Comparison of methods for determining key marine areas from tracking data. Marine Biology 160: 15–26.

Tratalos, J.A., Sugden, R., Bateman, I.J., Gill, J.A., Jones, A.P., Showler, D.A., Sutherland, W.J. & Watkinson, A.R. 2013. The Conflict Between Conservation and Recreation When Visitors Dislike Crowding: A Theoretical and Empirical Analysis of the Spatial Distribution of Recreational Beach Users.  Environmental and Resource Economics 55: 447–465.

Walzer, C., Kowalczyk, C., Alexander, J.M., Baur, B., Bogliani, G.,  Brun, J.-J., Füreder, L., Guth, M-O., Haller, R., Holderegger, R., Kohler, Y.,  Kueffer, C., Righetti, A., Spaar, R., Sutherland, W.J., Ullrich-Schneider, A., Vanpeene-Bruhier, S.N., & Scheurer, T. 2013. The 50 most important questions relating to the maintenance and restoration of an ecological continuum in the European Alps. PLoS ONE 8(1): e53139.

Williams, D.R., Pople, R.G., Showler, D.A., Dicks, L.V., Child, M.F., zu Ermgassen, E.K.H.J. & Sutherland, W.J. 2013. Bird Conservation - Global Evidence for the Effects of Interventions. Pelagic Publishing: Exeter, UK.


Alves, J.A., Sutherland, W.J., & Gill, J.A. 2012. Will improving wastewater treatment impact shorebirds? Effects of sewage discharges on estuarine invertebrates and birds. Animal Conservation 15: 44–52.

Alves, J.A., Gunnarsson, T.G., Potts, P.M., Gélinaud,G., Sutherland, W.J. & Gill, J.A. 2012. Overtaking on migration: does longer distance migration always incur a penalty? Oikos 121: 464–470.

Amano, T., Okamura, H. & Sutherland, W.J. 2012. Smoothed population indices created using hierarchical Bayesian models and a comparison of their efficiency with generalised additive and linear models. Ecological Indicators 13: 243–252.

Carstensen, D.W. Dalsgaard, B., Svenning, J.C., Rahbek, C. Fjeldså, J., Sutherland, W.J., & Olesen, J.M. 2012. Biogeographical modules and island roles: a comparison of Wallacea and the West Indies. Journal of Biogeography 39: 739–749.

Catry, I., Amano, T., Franco, A.M.A. & Sutherland, W.J. 2012. Influence of spatial and temporal dynamics of agricultural practices on the globally endangered lesser kestrel. Journal of Applied Ecology 49: 99–108.

Catry, I., Franco, A.M.A. & Sutherland, W.J. 2012. Landscape and weather determinants of prey availability: implications for the Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni. Ibis 154: 111–123.

Fissel, D., Babin, M., Bachmayer. R., Denman, K., Dewailly, E.,Gillis, K.M., Fortier, L., Hyndman, R., Lane, D., Lewis, M., Macdonald, R., Moran, K., Neis, B., Nuttall, M., Pelletier, E., Ridgeway, L., Roussel, S., Snelgrove, P., Sutherland, W.J., Suttle, C., Wallace, D. & Wiber, M.G. 2012. 40 Priority Research Questions for Ocean Science in Canada. Ottawa, ON.

Gunnarsson, G.T., Sutherland, W.J., Alves, J.A., Potts, P.M. & Gill, J.A. 2012. Rapid changes in phenotype distribution during range expansion in a migratory bird. Proc Roy Soc B. 279: 411–416.

Sandel, B., Arge, L., Dalsgaard, B., Davies, R.G., Gaston, K.J., Sutherland, W.J. & Svenning, J.C. 2012. Global endemism needs spatial integration. Science 335: 285–286.

Schleuning, M., Fründ, J., Klein, A.-M., Abrahamczyk, S., Alarcón, R., Albrecht, M., Andersson, G., Bazarian, S., Böhning-Gaese, K., Bommarco, R., Dalsgaard, B., Dehling, M., Gotlieb, A., Hagen, M., Hickler, T., Holzschuh, A., Kaiser-Bunbury, C., Morris, R.J., Sandel, B., Sutherland, W.J., Svenning, J.-C., Templin, M., Tscharntke, T., Watts, S., Weiner, C., Werner, M., Williams, N., Winqvist, C., Dormann, C. & Blüthgen, N. 2012. Specialization of mutualistic interaction networks decreases towards tropical latitudes. Current Biology 22: 1925–1931.

Siriwardena, G.M., Cooke, I.R. & Sutherland, W.J. 2012. Landscape, cropping and field boundary influences on bird abundance. Ecography 35: 162–173.

Sutherland, W.J., Allison, H., Aveling, R., Bainbridge, I.P., Bennun, L., Bullock, D.J., Clements, A., Crick, H.Q.P., Gibbons, D.W., Smith, S., Rands, M.R.W., Rose, P., Scharlemann, J.P.W. & Warren, M.S. 2012. Enhancing the value of horizon scanning through collaborative review. Oryx 46: 368–374.

Sutherland, W.J., Alves, J.A., Amano, T., Chang, C.H., Davidson, N.C., Finlayson, C.M., Gill, J.A., Gill, R.E., González, P.M., Gunnarsson, T.G., Kleijn, D., Spray, C.J., Székely, T. & Thompson, D.B.A. 2012. A horizon scanning assessment of current and potential future threats facing migratory shorebirds. Ibis 154: 663–679.

Sutherland, W.J. Aveling, R., Bennun, L., Chapman,E.. Clout, M., Côté, I.C., Depledge, M.H., Dicks, L.V., Dobson, A.P., Fellman, L., Fleishman, E., Gibbons, D.W., Keim, B., Lickorish, F., Lindenmayer, D.B., Monk, K.A., Norris, K. Peck, L.S., Prior, S.V., Scharlemann, J.P.W., Spalding, M. & Watkinson, A.R. 2012. A horizon scan of global conservation issues for 2012. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 27: 12–18.

Sutherland, W.J., Clements, A., McDevitt, A.-M., Harper, M., Herkenrath, P., Prichard, S., Margerison, C., Monk, K.A. & Thompson, D.B.A. 2012. What are the forthcoming legislative issues of interest to ecologists and conservationists in 2012? British Ecological Society Bulletin 43: 12–19.

Sutherland, W.J. & Freckleton, R.P. 2012. Making predictive ecology more relevant to policy makers and practitioners. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 367: 322–330.

Sutherland, W.J., Mitchell R. & Prior S.V. 2012. The role of 'Conservation Evidence' in improving conservation management. Conservation Evidence 9: 1–2.


Amano, T., Okamura, H., Carrizo, S.F. & Sutherland, W.J. 2011. Hierarchical models for smoothed population indices: the importance of considering variations in trends of count. Ecological Indicators. 13: 243–252.

Catry, I., Dias, M.P., Catry, T., Afanasyev, V., Fox, J. Franco, A. M.A. & Sutherland, W.J. 2011. Geolocation data reveals individual variation in migratory movements and winter behaviour of Iberian Lesser Kestrels Falco naumanni. Ibis 153: 154–164.

Catry, I., Franco, A.M.A. & Sutherland, W.J. 2011. Adapting conservation efforts to face climate change: modifying nest-site provisioning for lesser kestrels. Biological Conservation 144: 1111–1119.

Cornulier, T., Robinson, R.A., Elston, D., Lambin, X., Sutherland, W.J. & Benton, T.G. 2011. Bayesian reconstitution of environmental change from disparate historical records: hedgerow loss and farmland bird declines. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 2: 86–94. 

Dalsgaard, B., Magård, E., Fjeldså, J., González, A.M.M., Rahbek, C., Olesen, J.M., Ollerton, J., Alarcón, R., Araujo, A.C., Cotton, P.A., Lara, C., Machado, C.G., Sazima, I., Sazima, M., Timmermann, A., Watts, S. Brody Sandel, B., Sutherland W.J. & Svenning, J-C. 2011. Specialization in plant–hummingbird networks is associated with species richness, contemporary precipitation and quaternary climate-change velocity. Plos One 6(10): e25891.

Dicks, L. & Sutherland, W.J. 2011. Evidence-based conservation on farmland – making it possible. In Practice 71: 16–18.

Fleishman, E., Blockstein, D.E., Hall, J.A., Mascia, M.B., Rudd, M.A., Scott, J.M., Sutherland, W.J., Bartuska, A.M. Brown, A.G., Christen, C.A., Clement, J.P., Sala, D.D., Duke, C.D., Eaton, M., Fiske, S.J., Gosnell, H., Haney, J.C.,  Hutchins, M., Klein, M.L., Marqusee, J., Noon, B.R., Nordgren, J.R., Orbuch, P.M., Powell, J., Quarles, S.P., Saterson, K.A., Savitt, C.C., Stein, B.A., Webster, M.S. & Vedder, A. 2011. Top 40 priorities for science to inform conservation and management policy in the United States. BioScience 61: 290–300.

Gilroy, J.J., Guy, Q.A., Anderson, G.Q.A., Vickery, J.A., Grice, P.V. & Sutherland, W.J. 2011. Identifying mismatches between habitat selection and habitat quality in a ground-nesting farmland bird. Animal Conservation 14: 620–629

Jacquet, J., Boyd, I., Carlton, J.T., Fox, H., Johnson, A.E., Mee, L., Roman, J., Spalding, M. & Sutherland, W.J.  2011. Scanning the oceans for solutions. Solutions 2: 46–55.

Knudsen, E., Lindén, A., Both, C., Jonzén, N., Pulido, F., Saino, N., Sutherland, W. J., Bach, L.A., Coppack, T., Ergon, T., Gienapp, P., Gill, J. A., Gordo, O. & Hedenström, A., Lehikoinen, E., Marra, P.P., Møller, A.P., Nilsson, A.L., Péron, G., Ranta, E., Rubolini. D, Sparks, T.H., Spina, F., Studds, C.E., Saether, S.A., Tryjanowski, P. & Chr Stenseth, N. 2011. Challenging claims in the study of migratory birds and climate change. Biological Reviews 86: 928–946.

De Meester, L., van Tienderen, P., Werger, M., Hector, A., Wörheide, G., Niemelä, J., Aguilar, A., Smets, E., Godfray, C., Sutherland, W., Bauhus, J., Courchamp, F., Gandini, L., Koch, M., Le Maho, Y., Manuel, M., Pawlowski, J., Quéinnec, E., Owens, I., Keustermans, L. 2011. Challenges for biodiversity research in Europe. Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences 13: 83–100.

Queenborough, S.A., Burnet, K.M., Sutherland, W.J., Watkinson, A.R. & Freckleton, R.P. 2011. From meso- to macroscale population dynamics: a new density-structured approach. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 2: 289–302.

Queenborough, S.A., Burnet, K.M, Sutherland, W.J., Watkinson, A.R. & Freckleton, R.P. 2011. Density-structured models for plant population dynamics. American Naturalist 177: 1–17.

Rayn, D. & Sutherland, W.J. 2011. Impact of nature reserve establishment on deforestation: A test. Biodiversity and Conservation 20: 1625–1633.

Sandel, B., Arge, L., Dalsgaard, B., Davies, R.G., Gaston, K.J., Sutherland, W.J. & Svenning, J.-C. 2011. The influence of late quaternary climate-change velocity on species endemism. Science 334: 660–664.

Simberloff, D., Alexander, J., Allendorf, F., Aronson, J., Antunes, P.M., Bacher, S., Bardgett, R., Bertolino, S., Bishop, M., Blackburn, T.M., Blakeslee, A., Blumenthal, D., Bortolus, A., Buckley, R., Buckley, Y., Byers, J., Callaway, R.M., Campbell, F., Campbell, K., Campbell, M., Carlton, J.T., Cassey, P., Catford, J., Celesti-Grapow, L., Chapman, J., Clark. P,, Clewell, A., Clode, J.C., Chang, A., Chytry, M., Clout, M., Cohen, A., Cowan, P., Cowie, R.H., Crall, A.W., Crooks, J., Deveney, M., Dixon, K., Dobbs, F.C., Duffy, D.C., Duncan, R., Ehrlich, P.R., Eldredge, L., Evenhuis, N., Fausch, K.D., Feldhaar, H., Firn, J., Fowler, A., Galil, B., Garcia-Berthou, E., Geller, J., Genovesi, P., Gerber, E., Gherardi, F., Gollasch, S., Gordon, D., Graham, J., Gribben, P., Griffen, B., Grosholz, E.D., Hewitt, C., Hierro, J.L., Hulme, P., Hutchings, P., Jarosik, V., Johnson, C., Johnson, L., Johnston, E.L., Jones, C.G., Keller, R., King, C.M., Knols, B.G.J., Kollmann,, J., Kompas, T., Kotanen, P.M., Kowarik, I., Kuhn, I., Kumschick, S., Leung, B., Liebhold, A., MacIsaac, H., Mack, R., McCullough, D.G., McDonald, R., Merritt, D.M., Meyerson, L., Minchin, D., Mooney, H.A., Morisette, J.T., Moyle, P., Heinz, M.S., Murray, B.R., Nehring, S., Nelson, W., Nentwig, W., Novak, S.J., Occhipinti, A., Ojaveer, H., Osborne, B., Ostfeld, R.S., Parker, J., Pederson, J., Pergl, J., Phillips, M.L., Pysek, P., Rejmanek, M., Ricciardi, A., Ricotta, C., Richardson, D., Rilov, G., Ritchie, E., Robertson, P.A., Roman, J., Ruiz, G., Schaefer, H., Schaffelke, B., Schierenbeck, K.A., Schmitz, D.C., Schwindt, E., Seeb, J., Smith, L.D., Smith, G.F., Stohlgren, T., Strayer, D.L., Strong, D., Sutherland, W.J., Therriault, T., Thuiller, W., Torchin, M., van der Putten, W., Vila, M., Von Holle, B., Wallentinus, I., Wardle, D., Williamson, M., Wilson, J., Winter, M., Wolfe, L.M., Wright, J., Wonham, M. & Zabin, C. 2011. Non-natives: 141 scientists object. Nature 475: 36–36.

Sutherland, W.J., Bardsley, S., Bennun, L., Clout, M., Côté, I.M., Depledge, M.H., Dicks, L.V., Dobson, A.P., Fellman, L., Fleishman, E., Gibbons, D.W., Impey, A.J., Lawton, J.H., Lickorish, F., Lindenmayer, D.B., Lovejoy, T.E., Mac Nally, R., Madgwick, J., Peck, L.S., Pretty, J., Prior, S.V., Redford, K.H., Scharlemann, J.P.W., Spalding, M. & Watkinson, A.R. 2011. A Horizon Scan of Global Conservation Issues for 2011. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 26: 10–16.

Sutherland, W.J., Barlow, R., Clements, A., Harper, M., Herkenrath, P., Margerison, C., Monk, K.A., Robinson, J.A. & Thompson, D.B.A. 2011. What are the forthcoming legislative issues of interest to ecologists and conservationists in 2011? BES Bulletin 42: 26–31.

Sutherland, W.J., Bellingan, L., Bellingham, J.R., Blackstock, J.J., Bloomfield, R.M., Bravo, M., Cadman, V.M., Cleevely, D.D., Clements, A., Cohen, A.S., Cope, D.R., Daemmrich, A.A., Devecchi, C., Anadon, L.D., Denegri, S., Doubleday, R., Dusic, N.R., Evans, R.J., Feng, W.Y.,  Godfray, H.C.J., Harris, P., Hartley, S.E., Hester, A.J., Holmes, J., Hughes, A.,  Hulme, M., Irwin, C., Jennings, R.C., Kass, G.S., Littlejohns, P., Marteau, T.M., McKee, G., Millstone, E.P., Nuttall, W.J., Owens, S., Parker, M.M., Pearson, S., Petts, J., Ploszek, R., Pullin, A.S., Reid, G., Richards, K.S., Robinson, J.G., Shaxson, L., Sierra, L., Smith, B.G., Spiegelhalter, D.J., Stilgoe, J., Stirling, A., Tyler, C.P., Winickoff, D.E. & Zimmern, R.L. 2011. A collaboratively-derived science-policy research agenda. PLoS ONE 7(3): e31824. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0031824

Sutherland, W.J. Fleishman, E., Mascia, M.B., Pretty, P. & Rudd, M.A. 2011. Methods for collaboratively identifying research priorities and emerging issues in science and policy. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 2: 238–247.

Sutherland, W.J., Goulson, D., Potts, S.G. & Dicks, L.V. 2011. Quantifying the impact and relevance of scientific research. PLoS ONE 6(11): e27537. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0027537.

Sutherland, W.J. & Peel, M.J.S. 2011. Benchmarking as a means of improving conservation practice. Oryx 45: 56–59.


Alves, J.A., Lourenço, P.M., Piersma, T., Sutherland, W.J. & Gill, J.A. 2010. Population overlap and habitat segregation in wintering Black-tailed Godwits. Bird Study 57: 381–391.   

Amano, T., Smithers, R.J. Sparks, T.H. & Sutherland, W.J. 2010.  A 250-year index of first flowering dates and its response to temperature changes. Proceedings B Royal Society 277: 2451–2457.

Amano, T., Székely, T., Koyama, K., Amano, H. & Sutherland, W.J. 2010. A framework for monitoring the status of populations: an example from wader populations in the East Asian-Australasian flyway. Biological Conservation 143: 2238–2247.

Dicks, L.J., Showler, D.A. & Sutherland, W.J. 2010. Bee conservation: evidence for the effectiveness of interventions. Pelagic Publishing.

Eglington, S.N., Bolton, M.A., Smart, J., Sutherland, W.J., Watkinson, A.R. & Gill, J.A. 2010 Managing water levels on wet grasslands to improve foraging conditions for breeding northern lapwing Vanellus vanellus.  Journal of Applied Ecology 47: 451–458.

Gilroy, J.J., Anderson, G.Q.A., Grice, P.V., Vickery, J.A. & Sutherland, W.J. 2010. Mid-season shifts in the habitat associations of Yellow Wagtails Motacilla flava breeding in arable farmland. Ibis 152: 90–104.

Hanson, S., Nicholls, R.J., Balson. P., Brown, I., French, J.R., Spencer, T. & Sutherland, W.J. 2010. Capturing coastal geomorphological change within regional integrated assessment: an outcome-driven fuzzy logic approach. Journal of Coastal Research 26: 831–842.

Lawton, J.H., Brotherton, P.N.M., Brown, V.K., Elphick, C., Fitter, A.H., Forshaw, J., Haddow, R.W., Hilborner, S., Leafe, R.N., Mace, G.M., Southgate, M.P., Sutherland, W.J., Tew, T.E., Varley, J. & Wynne, G.R. 2010. Making Space for Nature: a review of England’s wildlife sites and ecological networks. Report to Defra.

Milner-Gulland, E.J., Fisher, M., Browne, S., Redford, K.H., Spencer M., & Sutherland W.J. 2010. Do we need to develop a more relevant conservation literature? Oryx 44: 1–2.

Pretty, J.J., Sutherland, W.J., Ashby, J., Auburn, J., Baulcombe, D., Bell, M., Bentley, J., Bickersteth, S., Brown, K.,Burke, J., Campbell, H., Chen, K., Crowley, E., Crute, I., Dobbelaere, D., Edwards-Jones, G., Funes-Monzote, F., H. Godfray, C.J., Griffon, M., Gypmantisiri, P., Haddad, L., Halavatau, S., Herren, H, Holderness, M, Izac,A.-M., Jones, M., Koohafkan, P., Lal, R., Lang, T., McNeely, J., Mueller, A., Nisbett, N., Noble, A., Pingali, P., Pinto, Y., Rabbinge, R., Ravindranath, N.H., Rola, A., Roling, N., Sage, C., Settle, W., Sha, J.M., Shiming, L., Simons, T., Smith, P., Strzepeck, K., Swaine, H., Terry, E., Tomich, T.P., Toulmin, C., Trigo, E.,  Twomlow, S.,  Kees Vis, J., Wilson, J. & Pilgrim, S. 2010. The top 100 questions for global agriculture and food.  International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability 8: 219–236.

Rands, M.R.W, Adams, W.M., Bennun, L., Butchart, S.H.M., Clements, A., Coomes, D., Entwistle, A., Hodge, I., Kapos, V., Scharlemann, J.P.W., Sutherland, W.J. & Vira, B. 2010. Biodiversity Conservation Beyond 2010. Culture and Biodiversity Losses Linked—Response. Science 331: 31.

Rands, M.R.W, Adams, W.M., Bennun, L., Butchart, S.H.M.,  Clements, A., Coomes, D., Entwistle, A., Hodge, I., Kapos, V., Scharlemann, J.P.W., Sutherland, W.J. & Vira, B. 2010.  Biodiversity Conservation Beyond 2010. Science 329: 1298–1303.

Smith, R.K., Pullin, A.S., Stewart, G.B. & Sutherland, W.J. 2010. Is nest predator exclusion an effective strategy for enhancing bird populations? Biological Conservation 24: 820–829.  

Smith, R.K., Pullin, A.S., Stewart, G.B. & Sutherland, W.J. 2010. The effectiveness of predator removal for enhancing bird populations: a systematic review. Conservation Biology 24: 820–829.

Sutherland, W.J., Albon, S.D., Allison, H., Armstrong-Brown, S., Bailey, M.J., Bereton, T., Boyd, I.L., Carey, P., Edwards, J., Gill, M., Hill, D., Hodge, I., Hunt, A.J., Le Quesne, W.J.F., Macdonald, D.W., Mee, L.D., Mitchell, R.,  Norman, T., Owen, R.P., Parker, D., Prior, S.V., Pullin, A.S., Rands, M.R.W., Redpath, S., Spencer, J., Spray, C.J., Thomas, C.D., Tucker, G,M., Watkinson, A.R. & Clements, A. 2010. The identification of priority opportunities for UK nature conservation policy. Journal of Applied Ecology 47: 955–965.

Sutherland, W.J., Armstrong, D., Butchart, S.H.M., Earnhardt, J., Ewen, J., Jamieson, I., Jones, C.G., Lee, R., Newbery, P., Nichols, J.D., Parker, K. A., Sarrazin, F., Seddon, P., Shah, N. & Tatayah, V. 2010. Standards for documenting and monitoring bird reintroduction projects Conservation Letters 3: 229–235.   

Sutherland, W.J., Clout, M., Côté, I.M., Daszak, P.,  Depledge, M.H., Fellman, L., Fleishman, E., Garthwaite, R., Gibbons, D.W., De Lurio, J., Impey, A.J., Lickorish, F., Lindenmayer, D., Madgwick, J., Margerison, C., Maynard, T., Peck, L.S., Pretty, J., Prior,S.V., Redford, K.H., Scharlemann, J.P.W., Spalding, M. & Watkinson, A.R. 2010. A Horizon Scan of Global Conservation Issues for 2010. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 25: 1–7.

Székely, T. & Sutherland, W.J. 2010. Hunting the cause of a population crash. Nature 466: 448.

Tejeda-Cruz, C., Silva-Rivera, E., Barton, J. & Sutherland, W.J. 2010. Why shade coffee does not guarantee biodiversity conservation. Ecology and Society 15: 13.


Catry, I., Franco, A.M.A. & Sutherland, W.J. 2009. Identifying the effectiveness and constraints of conservation interventions: a case study of the endangered lesser kestrel. Biological Conservation 142: 2782–2791.

Cooke, I.R., Queenborough, S.A., Mattison, E.H.A., Bailey, A.P., Sandars, D.L., Graves, A.R., Morris, J., Atkinson, P., Trawick, P., Freckleton, R.P., Watkinson, A.R. & Sutherland, W.J. 2009. Integrating socio-economics and ecology: a taxonomy of quantitative methods and a review of their use in agro-ecology. Journal of Applied Ecology 46: 269–277.

Coomes, E.G., Jones, A.P., Bateman, I.J., Tratalos, J.A., Gill, J.A., Showler, D.A., Watkinson, A.R. & Sutherland, W.J. 2009. Spatial and temporal modelling of beach use: A Case study of East Anglia, UK. Coastal Management 37: 94–115.

Coomes, E.G., Jones, A.P. & Sutherland, W.J. 2009. The implications of climate change on coastal visitor numbers: a regional analysis. Journal of Coastal Research 25: 981-990.

Cornulier, T., Elston, D., Arcese, P., Benton, T., Douglas, D., Lambin, X., Reid, J., Robinson, R. & Sutherland, W.J. 2009. Estimating annual breeding frequency from censused breeding dates: Using mixture models to disaggregate overlapping distributions. Ecology Letters 12: 1184–1193.  

Cowling, R.M., Mascia, M.B., Possingham, H. & Sutherland, W. J. 2009. Conservation science for impact: the first year of Conservation Letters. Conservation Letters 2: 1–2.

Eglington, S.M., Gill, J.A., Sutherland, W.J., Watkinson, A.R. & Bolton, M. 2009. Habitat management and patterns of predation of Northern Lapwings on wet grasslands: the influence of linear habitat structures at different spatial scales. Biological Conservation 142: 314–324.

Gilroy, J.J., Anderson, G.Q.A., Grice, P.V., Vickery, J.A., Watts, P.N. & Sutherland, W.J. 2009. Foraging habitat selection, diet and nestling condition in Yellow Wagtails Motacilla flava breeding on arable farmland. Bird Study 56: 221–232.

Keo, O., Collar, N.J. & Sutherland, W.J. 2009. Nest protectors provide a cost-effective means of increasing breeding success in Giant Ibis Thaumatibis gigantean. Bird Conservation International 19: 77–82.

Raine, A.F., Brown, A.F., Amano, T. & Sutherland W.J. 2009. Assessing population changes from disparate data sources: the decline of the Twite (Carduelis flavirostris) in England. Bird Conservation International 19: 401–416.

Sachs, J.D., Baillie, J., Sutherland, W.J., Armsworth, P.R., Ash, N., Beddington, J., Blackburn, T.M., Collen, B., Gardiner, B., Gaston, K.J., Godfray, H.C.J., Green, R., Harvey, P.H., House, B., Knapp, S., Kümpe, N.F., Macdonald, D.W., Mace, G.M., Mallet, J., Matthews, A., May, R.M., Petchey, O., Purvis, A., Roe1, D., Safi, K., Turner, K., Walpole, M., Watson, R. & Jones, K.E. 2009. Biodiversity conservation and the Millennium Development Goals. Science 325: 1502–1503.

Stewart, G.B., Bayliss, H.R., Showler, D.A., Sutherland, W.J. & Pullin, A.S. 2009.  Effectiveness of engineered in-stream structure mitigation measures for increasing salmonid abundance: a systematic review. Ecological Application 19: 931–941.

Sutherland, W.J., Adams, W.M., Aronson, R.B., Aveling, R., Blackburn, T.M., Broad, S., Ceballos, G., Côté, I.M., Cowling, R.M., da Fonseca, G.A.B., Dinerstein, E., Ferraro, P.J., Fleishman, E., Gascon, C., Hunter Jr, M., Hutton, J., Kareiva, P., Kuria, A., Macdonald, D.W., MacKinnon, K., Madgwick, F.J., Mascia, M.B., McNeely, J., Milner-Gulland, E.J., Moon, S., Morley, C.G., Nelson, S., Osborn, D., Pai, M., Parsons, E.C.M., Peck, L.S., Possingham, H., Prior, S.V., Pullin, A.S., Rands, M.R.W., Ranganathan, J., Redford, K.H., Rodriguez, J.P., Seymour, F., Sobel, F., Sodhi, N.S., Stott, A., Vance-Borland, K. & Watkinson, A.R. 2009. An assessment of the 100 questions of greatest importance to the conservation of global biological diversity. Conservation Biology 23: 557–567.

Sutherland, W.J. & Woodroof, H.J. 2009 The need for environmental horizon scanning. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 24: 523–527.

Wright, L.J., Hoblyn, R.A., Green, R.E., Bowden, C.G.R., Mallord, J.W., Sutherland, W.J. & Dolman, P.M. 2009. Importance of climatic and environmental change in the demography of a multi-brooded passerine, the woodlark Lullula arborea. Journal of Animal Ecology 78: 1191-1202.


Coomes, E.G. Jones, A.P. & Sutherland, W.J. 2008. The biodiversity implications of changes in coastal tourism due to climate change. Environmental Conservation 35: 319–330.

Einum, S., Nislow, K., Reynolds, J.D. & Sutherland, W.J. 2008. Predicting population responses to breeding habitat restoration in Atlantic salmon. Journal of Applied Ecology 45: 930–938.

Eglington, S., Gill, J.A., Bolton, M., Sutherland, W.J. & Watkinson, A.R. 2008. Restoration of wet features for breeding waders on lowland grassland. Journal of Applied Ecology 45: 305–314.

Freckleton, R.P., Sutherland, W.J., Watkinson, A.R. & Stephens, P.A. 2008. Modelling the effects of management on population dynamics: some lessons from annual weeds. Journal of Applied Ecology 45: 1050–1058.  

Gilroy, J.A., Anderson, G.Q.A., Grice, P.V., Vickery, J.A., Bray, I, P., Watts, N. & Sutherland, W.J  2008. Could soil degradation contribute to farmland bird declines? Links between soil penetrability and the abundance of yellow wagtails Motacilla flava in arable fields. Biological Conservation 141: 3116–3126.

Kokko, H., Laakso, J. & Sutherland, W.J. 2008. In memoriam: Professor Esa Ranta (1953-2008) Annales Zoologici Fennica 45: 6.

Mallord, J.W., Dolman, P.M., Brown, A.F. & Sutherland, W.J. 2008. Early nesting does not result in greater productivity in the multi-brooded woodlark Lullula arborea. Bird Study 55: 145–151.

Mustin, K., Sutherland, W.J. & Gill, J.A. 2008. The complexity of predicting climate-induced ecological impacts. Climate Research 35: 165–175.

Ratikainen, I.I., Gill, J.A., Gunnarsson, T., Sutherland, W.J. & Kokko, H. 2008. When density-dependence is not instantaneous: theoretical developments and management implications. Ecology letters 11: 184–198.

Sutherland, W.J., Bailey, M.J., Bainbridge, I.P., Brereton, T., Dick, J.T.A., Drewitt, J., Dulvy, N.K., Dusic, N.R., Freckleton, R.P., Gaston, K.J., Gilder, P.M., Green, R.E., Heathwaite, L., Johnson, S.M., Macdonald, D.W., Mitchell, R., Osborn, D., Owen, R.P., Pretty, J., Prior, S.V., Prosser, H., Pullin, A.S., Rose, P., Stott, A., Tew, T., Thomas, C.D., Thompson, D.B.A., Vickery, J.A., Walker, M.,  Walmsley, C., Warrington, S., Watkinson, A.R., Williams, R.J., Woodroffe, R. & Woodroof, H.J. 2008. Future novel threats and opportunities facing UK biodiversity identified by horizon scanning. Journal of Applied Ecology 45: 821–833.


Edwards, D.P., Hassall, M., Sutherland, W.J. & Yu, D.W. 2007. Protection in an ant-plant mutualism: an adaptation or a sensory trap? Animal Behaviour 74: 377–385.

Franco, A.M.A., Palmeirim, J.M. & Sutherland, W.J. 2007. A method for comparing effectiveness of research techniques in conservation and applied ecology. Biological Conservation 134: 96–105.

Gillings, S., Fuller, R.J. & Sutherland, W.J. 2007. Winter field use and habitat selection by Eurasian Golden Plovers Pluvialis apricaria and Northern Lapwings Vanellus vanellus on arable farmland  Ibis 149: 509–520.

Gillings, S. & Sutherland, W.J. 2007 Comparative diurnal and nocturnal diet and foraging in Eurasian golden plovers Pluvialis apricaria and northern lapwings Vanellus vanellus wintering on arable farmland. Ardea 95: 243–257.

Gilroy, J. & Sutherland, W.J. 2007. Ecological traps and undervalued resources. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 22: 351–356.

Liley, D. & Sutherland, W.J. 2007. Predicting the population consequences of human disturbance for ringed plover Charadrius hiaticula population size: a game theory approach. Ibis 149(Supplement)1: 82–94.

Mallord, J.W., Dolman, P.M., Brown, A.F. & Sutherland, W.J. 2007. Nest site characteristics of woodlarks Lullula arborea breeding on heathlands in southern England - are there consequences for nest survival and productivity? Bird Study 54: 307–314.

Mallord, J.W., Dolman, P.M., Brown, A.F. Sutherland, W.J. 2007. Quantifying density dependence in a bird population using human disturbance. Oecologia 153: 49–56.

Mallord, J.W., Dolman, P.M., Brown, A.F. & Sutherland, W.J. 2007. Predicting the consequences of recreational disturbance for a woodlark Lullula arborea population on heathlands in southern England. Journal of Applied Ecology 44: 185–195.

Murison, G., Bullock, J.M., Day, J., Langston, R., Brown, A.F. & Sutherland, W.J. 2007. Habitat type determines the effects of disturbance on the breeding productivity of the Dartford Warbler Sylvia undata. Ibis 149(Supplement)1: 16–26.

Sutherland, W.J. 2007. Future directions in disturbance research. Ibis 149(supplement)1: 120–124.

Wright, L.J., Hoblyn, R.A., Sutherland, W.J. & Dolman, P.M. 2007. Reproductive success of woodlarks Lullula arborea in traditional and recently colonised habitats. Bird Study 54: 315–323.


Edwards, D.P., Hassall, M., Sutherland, W.J. & Yu, D.W. 2006. Assembling a mutualism: ant symbionts locate their host plants by detecting volatile chemicals. Insectes Sociaux 53: 172–176.

Edwards, D.P., Hassall, M.P., Sutherland, W.J. & Yu, D.W. 2006. Selection for protection in an ant-plant mutualism: host sanctions, host modularity, and the principle agent game. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 273: 595–602.

Freckleton, R.P., Watkinson, A.R, Green, R.E. & Sutherland, W.J. 2006. Census error and the detection of density-dependence. Journal of Animal Ecology 75: 837–851.

Gillings, S., Austin, G.E., Fuller, R.F. & Sutherland, W.J. 2006. Distribution shifts in wintering golden plover Pluvialis apricaria and lapwing Vanellus vanellus in Britain. Bird Study 53: 274–284.

Goss-Custard, J.D., West, A.D., Yates, M.G., Caldow, R.W.G., Stillman, R.A.S., Castilla, J., Castro, M, Dierschke, V, Durell, S.E.A. le V., Eichhorn, G., Ens, B.J., Exo, K.-M., Fernando, P.U.U., Ferns, P.N., Hockey, P.A.R., Gill, J.A., Johnstone, I, Kalejta-Summers, B., Masero, J.A., Moreira, F., Nagarajan, R., Owens, I.P.F., Pacheco, C., Perez-Hurtado, A., Rogers, D., Scheiffarth, G., Sitters, H., Sutherland, W.J., Triplet, P., Worrall, D.H., Zharikov, Y., Zwarts, L. & Pettifor, R.A 2006. Intake rates and the functional response in shorebirds Charadriiformes eating macroinvertebrates. Biological Reviews 81: 501–529

Gunnarsson, T.G., Gill, J.A., Appleton, G.F., Gíslason, H., Gardassson, A., Watkinson, A.R. & Sutherland, W.J. 2006. Large-scale habitat associations of birds in lowland Iceland: implications for conservation. Biological Conservation 128: 265–275.

Gunnarsson, T.G., Gill, J.A., Atkinson, P.W., Gélinaud, G., Potts, P.M., Croger, R.E., Gudmundsson, G.A., Appleton, G.F. & Sutherland, W.J. 2006. Population-scale drivers of individual arrival times in migratory birds. Journal of Animal Ecology 75: 119–1127.

Gunnarsson, T.G., Gill, J.A., Goodacre, S., Gélinaud, G., Atkinson, P.W., Hewitt, G., Potts, P.M. & Sutherland, W.J. 2006. Sexing birds: a comparison of behavioural, molecular, biometric and field-based techniques. Bird Study 53: 193–198.

Kaiser, M.J., Galanidi, M., Showler, D.A. Elliott, A.J., Caldow, R.W.G., Rees, E.I.S., Stillman, R.A. & Sutherland, W.J. 2006. Distribution and behaviour of Common Scoter Melanitta nigra relative to prey resources and environmental parameters. Ibis 148: 110–128.

Raine, A.F., Sowter, D.J., Brown, A.F. & Sutherland W.J. 2006. Migration patterns of two populations of Twite Carduelis flavirostris in Britain. Ringing and Migration 23: 45–52.

Raine, A.F., Sowter, D.J., Brown, A.F. & Sutherland, W.J. 2006. Natal philopatry and movement patterns of Twite Carduelis flavirostris in the South Pennines, England. Ringing and Migration 23: 89–94.

Ridley, J., Komdeur, J., Richardson, D. & Sutherland, W.J. 2006. Population predictions for Seychelles warblers in novel environments. Acta Zoologica Sinica 52(supplement): 465–469.

Siriwardena, G.M., Calbrade, N.A., Vickery, J.A. & Sutherland, W.J. 2006. The effect of the spatial distribution of winter food resources on their use by granivorous farmland birds. Journal of Applied Ecology 43: 628-639.

Smart, J., Gill, J.A., Sutherland, W.J. & Watkinson, A.R. 2006. Grassland-breeding waders: identifying key habitat requirements for management. Journal of Applied Ecology 43: 454–463.

Sutherland, W.J. 2006 Predicting the ecological consequences of environmental change: a review of the methods. Journal of Applied Ecology 43: 599–616.

Sutherland, W.J. 2006. Ecological Census Techniques. Second edition. Cambridge University Press. Cambridge.

Sutherland, W.J. 2006. Planning a research programme. In: W.J. Sutherland (Ed). Ecological Census Techniques. Second edition.  Cambridge University Press. Cambridge.

Sutherland, W.J. 2006. The twenty commonest surveying sins. In: W.J. Sutherland (Ed) Ecological Census Techniques. Second edition. Cambridge University Press. Cambridge.

Sutherland, W.J., Armstrong-Brown, S., Armsworth, P.R., Brereton, T., Brickland, J., Campbell, C.D., Chamberlain, D.E., Cooke, A. I., Dulvy, N.K., Dusic, N.R., Fitton, M., Freckleton, R.P., Godfray, H.C., Grout, N., Harvey, H.J., Hedley, C., Hopkins, J.J., Kift, N.B.,  Kirby, J., Kunin, W.E., MacDonald, D.W., Markee, B., Naura, M., Neale, A.R., Oliver, T., Osborn, D., Pullin, A.S., Shardlow, M.E.A., Showler, D.A., Smith, P.L., Smithers, R.J., Solandt, J.-L., Spencer, J., Spray, C.J., Thomas, C.D., Thompson, J., Webb, S.E., Yalden, D.W. & Watkinson, A. R. 2006. The identification of one hundred ecological questions of high policy relevance in the UK. Journal of Applied Ecology 43: 617–627.


Franco, A.M.A., Marques, J.T. & Sutherland, W.J. 2005. Is nest-site availability limiting lesser kestrel populations? A multiple scale approach. Ibis 147: 657–666.

Gillings, S., Fuller, R.J. & Sutherland, W.J. 2005. Diurnal studies do not predict nocturnal habitat choice and site selection of Eurasian Golden Plovers Pluvialis apricaria and Northern Lapwings Vanellus vanellus. Auk 122: 1249–1260.

Gunnarsson, T.G., Gill, J.A., Newton, J., Potts, P.M. & Sutherland, W.J. 2005. Seasonal matching of habitat quality and fitness in migratory birds. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 272: 2319–2323.

Gunnarsson, T.G., Gill, J.A., Petersen, A., Appleton, G., Sutherland, W.J. 2005.  A double buffer effect in a migratory population. Journal of Animal Ecology 74: 965–971.

Gunnarsson, T.G., Gill, J.A., Potts, P.M., Atkinson, P.W., Croger, R.E., Célinaud, G., Gardarsson, A. & Sutherland, W.J. 2005. Estimating population size in Icelandic Black-tailed Godwits Limosa limosa islandica by colour-marking. Bird Study 52: 153–158.

McWilliams, J.P., Côté, I.M., Gill, J.A., Sutherland, W.J. & Watkinson, A.R. 2005. Accelerating impacts of temperature-induced coral bleaching in the Caribbean. Ecology 86: 2055–2060.

Ridley, J., Yu, D & Sutherland, W.J. 2005. Why long-lived species are more likely to be social: the role of local dominance. Behavioural Ecology 16: 358–363.

Stephens, P.A., Russell, A.F., Young, A.J., Sutherland, W.J. & Clutton-Brock, T.H. 2005. Dispersal, eviction and conflict in meerkats (Suricata suricata) an evolutionarily stable strategy model. American Naturalist 165: 120–135.

Sutherland, W.J. 2005. How can we make conservation more effective? Oryx 39: 1–2.

Sutherland, W.J. 2005. Optimization: the best solution. Nature (concepts) 435: 569.

Sutherland, W.J. 2005. The next step. In: Bota, G., Camprodon, J., Mañosa, S. & Morales, M. (Eds) Ecology and Conservation of Steppe Land Birds. pp. 9–10.

SutherlandW.J., Pullin, A.S., Dolman, P.M. & Knight, T.M. 2005. Reply: Evidence-based conservation: dealing with social issues. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 20: 424–425.

Tejeda-Cruz, C. & Sutherland, W.J. 2005. Cloud forest bird responses to unusually severe storm damage Biotropica 37: 88–95.


Coombes, E.G., Jones, A.P., Sutherland, W.J. & Bateman, I.J., 2004. Interactions between tourism, biodiversity and climate change in the coastal zone. In: Matzarakis, A., de Freitas, C.R. & Scott, D., (Eds.) Advances in Tourism Climatology. Ber. Meteor. Inst. Univ. Freiburg Nr.12. pp.141–148.

Franco, A.M.A., Catry, I., Sutherland, W.J. & Palmeirim, J.M. 2004. Do different methods produce the same conservation recommendations for lesser kestrels? Animal Conservation 7: 291–300.

Franco, A.M.A., Palmeirim, J.M. & Sutherland, W.J. 2004. Modelling the foraging habitat selection of lesser kestrels: conservation implications of European Agricultural Policies. Biological Conservation 120: 63–74.

Freckleton, R.P., Stephens, P.A., Sutherland, W.J. & Watkinson, A.R. 2004. Amelioration of biodiversity impacts of GM technology: predicting transient versus long-term effects. Proceedings of the Royal Society B. 271: 325–331.

Freckleton, R.P., Stephens, P.A., Watkinson, A.R. & Sutherland, W.J. 2004. Modelling the effects of genetically modified crops on farmland food webs. Aspects of Applied Biology 74: 183–190.

Freckleton, R.P., Sutherland, W.J., & Watkinson, A.R. 2004. The fate of GM crops in Europe. Science 304: 954–956.

Godfray, C.J., Currow, R.N., Dye, C. Pfeiffer, D., Sutherland, W.J. & Woolhouse, M.E.J. 2004. Independent scientific review of the randomised badger culling trial and associated epidemiological research. Report to Mr Ben Bradshaw M.P.

Gunnarsson, T.G., Gill, J.A., Sigurbjörnsson, T., Sutherland, W.J. 2004. Arrival synchrony in migratory birds. Nature 431: 646.

King, D., Dalton, H., Avery, M., Bainbridge, J., Bharucha, C., Bowles, D., Bright, S., Cockburn, A., Crawley, M., Dale, P., Gale, M., Gasson, M., Gray, M., Gasson, M., Gray, A., Gray, J., Heslop-Harrison, P., Hill, J., Johnson, B., Leaver, C., Pretty, J., Reiss, M., Rima, B., Silverman, B., Stirling, A., Sutherland, W., Wilson, M. & Young, P. 2003. GMScience Review. Second Report.

Ridley, J., Komdeur, J. & Sutherland, W.J. 2004. Incorporating territory compression into population models. Oikos 105: 101–108.

Sæther, B-E, Sutherland, W.J. & Engen, S. 2004. Climate Influences on avian population dynamics. Advances in Ecological Research 35: 185–209.

Smart, J., Sutherland, W.J., Watkinson, A.R. & Gill, J.A. 2004. A new means of presenting the results of logistic regression. Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America - Technological Tools 85: 100–102.

Stephens, P.A., Pretty, J.N. & Sutherland, W.J. 2004. Agriculture, transport policy and landscape heterogeneity. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 18: 555–556.

Sutherland, W.J. 2004. A blueprint for the countryside. Ibis 146(Supplement)2: 230–238.

Sutherland, W.J. 2004 Climate change and coastal birds: research questions and policy responses. Ibis 146(suppl 1): 120–124.

Sutherland, W.J. 2004. Diet.  In: Sutherland, W.J., Newton, I. & Green, R.H. (Eds.) Bird Ecology and Conservation: a Handbook of Techniques. Oxford University Press, Oxford. pp. 233–250.

Sutherland, W.J. & Green, R.H. 2004. Habitat assessment.  in Sutherland, W.J., Newton, I. & Green, R.H. Bird Ecology and Conservation: a Handbook of Techniques. Oxford University Press, Oxford. pp. 251–268.

Sutherland, W.J., Newton, I. & Green, R.H. (Eds). 2004. Bird Ecology and Conservation: a Handbook of Techniques. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Sutherland, W.J., Pullin, A.S., Dolman, P.M. & T.M. Knight 2004. The need for evidence-based conservation. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 19: 305–308.

Sutherland, W.J., Pullin, A.S., Dolman, P.M. & Knight, T.M. 2004. Mismatches between conservation science and practice. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 19: 565–566.

Tejeda-Cruz, C. & Sutherland, W.J. 2004. Bird responses to shade coffee production. Animal Conservation 7: 1–11.


Stephens, P.A., Freckleton, R.P., Watkinson, A.R. & Sutherland, W.J. (2003) Predicting the response of farmland birds to changing food supplies. Journal of Applied Ecology 40, 970-983.

Kleijn, D. & Sutherland, W.J (2003)  How effective are European agri-environment schemes in conserving and promoting biodiversity? Journal of Applied Ecology, 40, 947-969.

Sutherland, W.J. (2003) Evidence-based conservation. Conservation in Practice 4, 39-41.

Freckleton, R.P.. Sutherland, W.J & Watkinson, A.R. (2003) Deciding the future of GM crops in Europe. Science 302, 994-996.

Ausden, M., Rowlands, A.,  Sutherland, W.J. & James, R.J. (2003) The diet of breeding lapwings Vanellus vanellus and redshank Tringa totanus on coastal grazing marsh and the implications for habitat management. Bird Study, 50, 285-293

King, D., Dalton, H., Avery, M., Bainbridge, J., Bharucha,C., Bowles, D., Bright, S., Cockburn, A., Crawley, M., Dale, P., Gale, M., Gasson, M., Gray, M., Gasson, M., Gray, A., Gray, J., Heslop-Harrison, P., Hill, J., Johnson, B., Leaver, C., Pretty, J., Reiss, M., Rima, B., Silverman, B., Stirling, A., Sutherland, W., Wilson, M., Young, P. (2003) GM Science Review. First Report.

Sutherland, W.J. & Norris, K. (2003) Behavioural models of population growth rates: implications for conservation and prediction Wildlife population growth rates p225-248 (ed R. Sibly, J. Hone & T.H. Clutton-Brock). Cambridge University Press.

Ridley, J., Komdeur, J. & Sutherland, W.J. (2003) Population regulation in group living birds: predictive models of the Seychelles warbler. Journal of Animal Ecology, 72, 588-598.

Sutherland, W.J. (2003) Parallel extinction risk and global distribution of languages and species. Nature, 423, 276-279.

Thomas, G.H., Székely, T. & Sutherland, W.J. (2003) Publication bias in waders. Wader Study Group Bulletin, 100, 216-223.


Ridley, J. & Sutherland, W.J. (2002) Kin competition within groups: the offspring depreciation hypothesis. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B-Biological, 269, 2559-2564.

Sutherland, W.J. (2002) Behavioural approached to landscape ecology. In: Avian Landscape Ecology (ed. Chamberlain, D. & Wilson, A) p112-117. International Association for landscape Ecology

Sutherland, W.J. (2002) Science, sex and the kakapo. Nature, 419, 265-6.

Sutherland, W.J. (2002) Behavioural approaches to predicting the response to novel environmental conditions. Ethology, 37,11-14.

Sutherland, W.J. (2002) Openness in management. Nature, 418, 834-5.

Sutherland.W.J. & Norris, K. (2002) Behavioural models of population growth rates: implication for conservation and predictions. Proceedings of the Royal Society Series B. 357, 1273-1284.

Yu, D.W., Sutherland, W.J. & Clark, C. (2002) Trade v Environment. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 17,341-344.

Stephens, P.A., Frey-Roos, F., Arnold, W., & Sutherland, W.J. (2002) Sustainable exploitation of social species: a test and comparison of models. Journal of Applied Ecology 39, 629-642.

Paradis, E., Bailiie, S.R., Sutherland, W.J. & Gregory, R.D. (2002) Exploring density dependence in demographic parameters in populations of birds at a large spatial scale. Oikos, 97, 283-307.

Sutherland, W.J., Gill, J.A. & Norris, K. (2002) Density dependent dispersal: concepts, evidence, mechanisms and consequences. P134-151 In: Dispersal (ed J. Bullock). Blackwell Scientific Publishing, Oxford.

Paradis, E., Baillie, S.R. & Sutherland, W.J. (2002) Modelling large-scale dispersal distances. Ecological Modelling, 151, 279-292.

Sutherland, W.J. (2002) Ideal free distribution. P557-558.  In: Oxford Encyclopaedia of Evolution. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Stephens, P.A., Frey-Roos, F., Arnold, W. & Sutherland, W.J. (2002) Model complexity and population predictions: the alpine marmot as a case study. Journal of Animal Ecology, 71, 343-361.

Sutherland, W.J. (2002) BOGOF books. Science Public Affairs, April p24.

Sutherland, W.J. (2002) Restoring a sustainable countryside. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 17,148-150.

Freckleton, R.F. & Sutherland, W.J. (2002) Do in-hospital waiting lists show self regulation? Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, 95, 164.

Robinson, R.A. & Sutherland, W.J. (2002) Changes in arable farming and biodiversity in Great Britain. Journal of Applied Ecology 39, 157-176.


Sutherland, W.J. (2001) Sustainable exploitation: a review of principles and methods Wildlife Biology, 7,131-140.

Freckleton, R.F. & Sutherland, W.J. (2001) Do power laws imply self regulation?  Nature, 412, 436.

Kokko, H. & Sutherland, W.J. (2001) Ecological traps in changing environments: ecological and evolutionary consequences of a behaviourally mediated Allee effect. Evolutionary Ecological Research, 3, 537-551.

Gill, J.A., Norris, K. & Sutherland, W.J. (2001) The effects of disturbance on habitat use by black-tailed godwits Limosa limosa. Journal of Applied Ecology, 38, 846-856.

Gill, J.A., Norris, K., Potts, P., Gunnarsson,T., Atkinson, P.W. & Sutherland, W.J. (2001) The Buffer effect and large-scale population regulation in migratory birds. Nature, 412, 436-438. 

Sutherland, W.J. & Gill, J.A. (2001) The role of behaviour in studying sustainable exploitation. In: Conservation of Exploited Species (eds J.Reynolds, G.Mace, K.Redford & J. Robinson) Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. 259-280

Sutherland, W.J. (2001) A new approach to global book distribution. Nature (Correspondence) 411,738.

Rowcliffe, J.M., Watkinson, A.R. Sutherland, W.J. & Vickery, J.A. (2001)The depletion of algal beds by geese: a predictive model and test. Oecologia, 127, 361-371.

Sutherland, W.J. & Watkinson, A.R. (2001) Policy making within ecological uncertainty: lessons from badgers and GM crops. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 16, 261-263.

Gill, J. A. Norris, K. & Sutherland, W.J. (2001) Why behavioural responses may not reflect the population consequences of human disturbance. Biological Conservation. 97,265-268.

Gill, J.A., Sutherland, W.J. & Norris, K. (2001) Depletion models can predict shorebird distribution at different spatial scales. Proceedings of the Royal Society Series B.246, 369-376.

Ausden, M., Sutherland, W.J. & James, R. (2001) The effects of flooding lowland wet grassland on soil macroinvertebrate prey of breeding wading birds. Journal of Applied Ecology, 38, 320-338.

Kokko,H. & Sutherland, W.J. & Johnstone, R.A. (2001) The logic of territory choice: implications for conservation and source-sink dynamics. American Naturalist,157, 459-463.


Sutherland, W.J. (2000) The art of the saveable. Nature (Journal Review) 407, 294

Watkinson, A.R., Freckleton, R.P., Robinson, R.A. & Sutherland (2000) Predictions of biodiversity response to genetically modified herbicide-tolerant crops. Science, 289, 1554-1557.

Smith, C., Reynolds, J.D. & Sutherland, W.J. (2000) Population consequences of reproductive decisions. Proceedings of the Royal Society, 267, 1327-1334.

Smith, C., Reynolds, J.D., Sutherland, W.J. & Jurajda, P. (2000) Adaptive host choice and avoidance of superparasitism in the spawning decisions of bitterling (Rhodeus sericeus) Behavioural ecology and Sociobiology, 48, 29-35.

Sutherland, W.J. (2000) The conservation handbook: research, management and policy. Oxford: Blackwell Scientific.

Baillie, S., Sutherland, W.J. Freeman, S.N., Gregory, R.D. & Paradis, E. (2000) Consequences of large-scale processes for the conservation of bird populations. Journal of Applied Ecology, 37,88-102.

Dereliev, S., Hulea, D., Ivanov, B., Sutherland, W.J. & Summers, R.W. (2000) The numbers and distribution of red-breasted geese at roosts in Bulgaria and Romania. Acta Ornithologica, 35, 63-66.

Paradis, E., Baillie, S.T., Sutherland, W.J., Dudley, C., Crick, H. Q. P. & Gregory, R.D. (2000) Large-scale spatial variation in breeding performances of song thrushes and blackbirds in Britain. Journal of Applied Ecology, 37, 73-87.

Stephens, P.A. & Sutherland, W.J. (2000) Vertebrate mating systems, rarity and conservation Vertebrate Mating Systems, p186-213 in M. Apollonio, M. Festa-Bianchet and D. Mainardi (eds). World Scientific Publishing, London.

Baillie, S.R., Furness, R.W., Clark, J.A., Green, R.E., Gosler, A.G., Ormerod, S.J., Peach, W.J., Stroud, D.A., Sutherland, W.J. & Wilson, J.D. (2000) The scientific strategy of the BTO ringing scheme. Ringing and Migration, 19, S129-143.

Paradis, E., Bailiie, S.R., Sutherland, W.J., & Gregory, R.D. (2000) Spatial synchrony in populations of birds: effects of habitat, population trend and spatial scale. Ecology, 81, 2112-2125.

Gosling, M & Sutherland, W.J. (eds) (2000) Behaviour and Conservation. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.


Kokko, H. & Sutherland, W.J. (1999) What do impact factors tell us? Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 14, 382-384.

Stephens, P.A. & Sutherland, W.J. (1999) Consequences of the Allee effect for ecology and conservation. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 14, 401-405

Stephens, P.A., Sutherland, W. J. & Freckleton, R.P. (1999) What is the Allee effect? Oikos, 87, 185-190.

Rowcliffe, J.M., Sutherland, W.J. & Watkinson, A.R. (1999) The functional and aggregative responses of a herbivore: underlying mechanisms and the implications for plant depletion. Journal of Animal Ecology, 68, 853-868.

Robinson, R.A. & Sutherland, W.J. (1999) The winter distribution of seed-eating birds: habitat structure, seed density and seasonal depletion. Ecography, 22, 447-454.

Kokko, H., Mackenzie, A., Reynolds, J.D., Lindström, J. & Sutherland, W.J.  (1999) Measures of inequality are not equal. American Naturalist, 154, 358-382.

Sutherland, W.J. (1999) Behavioural mechanisms of population regulation in Passerines. In: Adams, N. & Slotow, R. (Eds), Proceedings of the 22nd International Ornithological Congress Durban, University of Natal.

Sutherland, W.J. (1999) Egyptian Goose. p159-160 In: The Birds of Norfolk (ed M.Seago, P.Allard, D.Dorling and M.Taylor).

Sutherland, W.J. (1999) Controlling pest species; insights from population ecology Advances in Vertebrate pest Management. p57-66 in Proceedings of the first European Pest management Conference (Ed Cowan, D and Feare, C).

Andersen, R., Arnold, W., Genovesi, P., Lebersorger, P., Reimoser,F. Scherzinger, W., Staines, B. & Sutherland, W.J. (1999) Wildlife ecology and wildlife management in Natura 2000 areas: on the need of European co-ordination. p 99-100. Natura 2000. A Chance for Nature Conservation in Europe.

Paradis, E., Bailiie, S.R., Sutherland, W.J., & Gregory, R.D. (1999) Dispersal and spatial scale affect synchrony in metapopulation dynamics. Ecology Letters, 2, 114-120.

Sutherland, W. J., Parker, G. A. & Stephens, P. A. (1999) Interference measures in primates. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 14, 69.

Sutherland, W.J. and Gosling, M. (1999) Advances in the study of behaviour and their role in conservation. p3-9 in Gosling, M and Sutherland, W.J. Behaviour and Conservation. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Sutherland, W.J. and Parker, G.A. (1999) The link between interference and continuous input models. Animal Behaviour, 57, F19-21.

Sutherland, W.J., Parker,G.A., Stephens,P.A. (1999) Oystercatchers rule, OK!...? - Reply. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 14, 69.

Gill, J.A. and Sutherland, W.J. (1999) Predicting the consequences of human disturbance from behavioural decisions. p51-63 In Behaviour and Conservation (ed M. Gosling and W.J. Sutherland) Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.


Höglund, J., Widemo, F., Sutherland, W.J. and Nordnfors, H.  (1998) Ruff (Philomachus pugnax) and ideal free distribution models: can leks be regarded as patches? Oikos 82, 370-376.

Kokko,H and Sutherland,W.J. (1998) Optimal floating and queuing strategies: consequences for density dependence and habitat loss. American Naturalist, 152, 354-366.

Kokko, H., Sutherland, W.J., Lindström, J., Reynolds, J.D. & Mackenzie, A. (1998) Individual mating success, lek stability, and the neglected limitations of statistical power. Animal Behaviour, 56, 755-762.

Sutherland, W.J. & Parker, G.A. (1998) Interference with ideal free models. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 13, 410.

Sutherland, W.J. (1998) The role of behaviour in conservation biology. Animal Behaviour, 56, 801-809.

Sutherland, W.J. (1998) Evidence for flexibility and constraint in migration systems. Journal of Avian Biology, 29, 441-446.

Sutherland, W.J. (1998) The effect of local change in habitat quality on populations of migratory species. Journal of Applied Ecology, 35, 418-421.

Paradis, E., Baillie, S.R., Sutherland,W.J. & Gregory, R.D. (1998) Patterns of natal and breeding dispersal in birds. Journal of Animal Ecology, 67, 518-536.

Rowcliffe, J.M., Watkinson, A.R & Sutherland, W.J. (1998) Aggregative responses of brent geese on salt marsh and their impact on plant community dynamics. Oecologia, 14, 417-426.

Percival, S.M., Sutherland, W.J. & Evans, P.R. (1998) Intertidal habitat loss and wildfowl numbers: applications of a spatial depletion model. Journal of Applied Ecology. 35, 57-63.

Sutherland, W.J.  (1998) Managing species and habitats. p202-219 in Conservation Science and Action (ed W.J. Sutherland). Blackwells.

Sutherland, W.J. & Reynolds, J.D. (1998) Sustainable and unsustainable exploitation. p90-15 in Conservation Science and Action (ed W.J. Sutherland). Blackwells.

Sutherland, W.J. (1998) (ed) Conservation Science and Action. Blackwells.

Gill, J.A., Sutherland, W.J. & Norris, K. (1998) The consequences of human disturbance for estuarine birds. RSPB Conservation Review 12, 67-72.


Vickery, J.A., Sutherland, W.J., O'Brien, M.O., Watkinson, A.R. & Yallop, A. (1997) Managing wet lowland grasslands for breeding waders and over-wintering geese: is there a conflict? Biological Conservation, 79, 23-34.

Sutherland, W.J. (1997) Evolutionary problems with the Gaia hypothesis. Bulletin British Ecological Society, 28, 193.

Dolman,P. and Sutherland, W.J.  (1997) Spatial patterns of depletion by foraging vertebrates: theory and meta-analysis. Journal of Animal Ecology, 66, 481-494

Henderson,N and Sutherland,W.J. (1997) Discounting and conservation. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 12, 402.

Côté, I.M. & Sutherland,W.J. (1997) Removing predators to protect bird populations: does it work? Conservation Biology, 11, 395-405.

Robinson, R.A. & Sutherland, W.J. (1997) Corn buntings Miliaria calandra in winter - the importance of food. p162-169 In Ecology and conservation of the corn bunting, ed by P.F. Donald and  N. Aebisher. Joint Nature Conservancy Conservation Committee.

Gill, J.A., Watkinson, A.R. & Sutherland, W.J. (1997) Causes of the redistribution of Pink-footed Geese Anser brachrhynchus in Britain. Ibis. 139, 497-503.

Goss-Custard,J.D. & Sutherland,W.J. (1997) Individual behaviour, populations and conservation. p373-395 In Behavioural Ecology. ed J.R.Krebs and N.B.Davies. Blackwells, Oxford.

Sutherland, W.J. (1997) Flaws in the Gaia hypothesis. British Ecological Society Bulletin 28, 104-5.

Henderson, N. & Sutherland, W.J. (1997) Two beliefs about discounting and their environmental irrelevance. Reply. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 12, 293.


Sutherland, W.J. (1996) Predicting the consequences of habitat loss for migratory populations. Proceeding of the Royal Society, 263, 1325-1327.

Gill, J.A., Sutherland, W.J. & Watkinson, A.R. (1996) A method to quantify the effects of human disturbance on animal populations. Journal of Applied Ecology, 33,786-792.

Stillman, R.A., Deutsch, J.C., Clutton-Brock, T.H. & Sutherland, W.J. (1996) Black hole models of ungulate lek size and distribution. Animal Behaviour, 52, 891-902.

Henderson, N. & Sutherland, W.J. (1996) Two truths about discounting and their environmental consequences. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 11,527-8.

Percival, S.M., Sutherland, W.J. & Evans, P.R. (1996) A spatial depletion model of the responses of grazing wildfowl to changes in availability of intertidal vegetation during the autumn and winter. Journal of Applied Ecology, 33, 979-993.

Sutherland, W.J. (1996) From Individual Behaviour to Population Ecology. Oxford University Press.

Rowcliffe, J.M., Watkinson, A.R. Sutherland, W.J. & Vickery, J.A. (1996) Cyclic winter grazing patterns in brent geese and the regrowth of Puccinellia maritime. Functional Ecology, 9, 931-941.

Gill, J.A., Watkinson, A.R. & Sutherland, W.J. (1996) The impact of sugar beet farming practice on wintering pink-footed goose populations. Biological Conservation. 76, 95-100.

Goss-Custard, J.D., West, A.D. & Sutherland, W.J. (1996) Where to feed. p105-132 In: Goss-Custard,J.D. (ed) The Oystercatcher: Behaviour and Ecology. Oxford University Press.

Sutherland, W.J., Ens, B.J. & Hulscher, J.B. (1996) Specialisation. p 56-76 In Goss-Custard,J.D. (ed) The Oystercatcher: Behaviour and Ecology. Oxford University Press.

Sutherland, W.J. (1996) (ed). Ecological census techniques: a handbook. Cambridge University Press.

Sutherland, W.J. (1996) Why census? pp. 1-10 in Sutherland, W.J. (ed). Ecological census techniques: a handbook. Cambridge University Press.

Sutherland, W.J.  (1996) Mammals. pp. 260-280 in Sutherland, W.J. (ed). Ecological census techniques: a handbook. Cambridge University Press.

Sutherland, W.J.  (1996) The twenty commonest censussing sins. pp. 317-318 In Sutherland,W.J. (ed). Ecological census techniques: a handbook. Cambridge University Press.

Gibbons, D., Hill, D.A. & Sutherland, W.J. (1996) Birds. pp. 227-259 in Sutherland,W.J. (ed). Ecological census techniques: a handbook. Cambridge University Press.

Cowie, N.R., Watkinson, A.R. & Sutherland, W.J. (1996) Modelling the growth dynamics of the clonal herb Anenome nemorosa in an ancient coppice wood. Abstracta Botanica, 19, 35-49.

Vickery, J.A. & Sutherland, W.J. (1996) The changing perceptions of the dark-bellied brent goose. British Wildlife, 7, 341-347.


Mackenzie, A., Reynolds, J.D. & Sutherland, W.J. (1995) Measuring sexual selection. Nature, 376, 471.

Gill, J.A., Clark, J., Clark, N. & Sutherland, W.J. (1995) Sex differences in the migration, moult and wintering areas of British ringed ruff. Ringing and Migration. 16, 159-167.

Sutherland, W.J. & Reynolds, J.D. (1995) Honesty in sexual selection. Nature, 375, 280-281.

Sutherland, W.J. (1995) I'iwis fit the bill. Nature, 375, 14.

Vickery, J.A., Sutherland, W.J., Watkinson, A.R., Lane,S.J. & Rowcliffe, M.R. (1995) Habitat switching by dark-bellied brent geese Branta b. bernicla (L.) in relation to food depletion. Oecologia, 103, 499-508.

Sutherland, W.J. (1995) Corncrake conservation. Habataki, 278, 4-5 (in japanese).

Mackenzie, A., Reynolds, J.D., Brown, V.J. & Sutherland, W.J. (1995) Variation in male mating success on leks. American Naturalist, 145, 632-651.

Dolman, P.M. & Sutherland, W.J. (1995) The response of bird populations to habitat loss. Ibis, 137, S38-46.

Watkinson, A.R. & Sutherland, W.J. (1995) Sources, sinks and pseudosinks. Journal of Animal Ecology, 64, 126-130.

Moser, M.E., Bibby, C.,Newton, I., Pienkowski, M.W., Sutherland, W.J., Ulfstrand, S. & Wynne, G. (1995) Bird conservation: the science and the action. Conclusions and recommendations. Ibis, 137, 3-8.

Robinson, R.A. & Sutherland, W.J. (1995) The winter feeding ecology of farmland passerines. pp. 23-24 in The ecology of seed-eating birds in relation to agricultural practices: current research and future directions (eds R.J.Fuller and J.D.Wilson) British Trust for Ornithology Research report no 149.

Goss-Custard, J.D., Caldow, R.G., Clarke, R.T., Durell, S.E.A. le V dit & Sutherland, W.J. (1995) Deriving population parameters from individual variations in foraging behaviour I. Empirical game theory distribution model of oystercatchers Haematopus ostralegus feeding on mussels Mytilus edulis. Journal of Animal Ecology, 64, 265-276.

Sutherland, W.J & Hill, D.A. (eds) (1995) Habitat Management. Cambridge University Press

Sutherland, W.J. (1995) Principles of Habitat Management. pp. 1-25 in Sutherland, W.J. and Hill, D.A. (eds) Habitat Management. Cambridge University Press.

Gill,J., Clark,J.,Clark,N. & Sutherland,W.J. (1995) Sex differences in moult and migration patterns in ruff. Wash Wader Ringing Group Report 94, 35-36.


Sutherland,W.J. (1994) How to save the corncrake. Nature, 372, 223.

Dolman, P.M. & Sutherland, W.J. (1994) The use of soil disturbance in the management of Breckland grass heaths for nature conservation. Journal of Environmental Management, 41, 123-140.

Vickery, J.A., Sutherland, W.J. & Lane, S. (1994) The management of grass pastures for brent geese. Journal of Applied Ecology, 31, 282-290

Vickery, J.A., Watkinson, A.R. & Sutherland, W.J. (1994) The brent goose problem: an economic analysis. Journal of Applied Ecology, 31, 371-382.

Sutherland, W.J. (1994) Depletion models and their consequences for conservation. pp. 337-345 In Leather, S. and Watt, A.D. (eds). In: Individuals, populations and patterns in Ecology. Intercept Press, Andover

Sutherland, W.J. & Dolman, P.M. (1994) Combining behaviour and population dynamics with applications for predicting consequences of habitat loss. Proceedings of the Royal Society, 25,133-138.

Sutherland, W.J. & Allport, G.A. (1994) A spatial depletion model of the interaction between bean geese and wigeon with the consequences for habitat management. Journal of Animal Ecology, 63, 51-59.


Sutherland, W.J. (1993) Good behaviour in conservation. Nature, 366, 300.

Clarke, J.A., Clark, N.A., Gill, J.A. & Sutherland, W.J. (1993) Black-tailed godwits on the Wash. Wash Wader Ringing Group Report, 92, 55-60.

Birkhead, T.R., Møller, A.P. & Sutherland, W.J. (1993) Why do females make it so difficult for males to fertilize their eggs. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 161, 51-60.

Sutherland, W.J. & Baillie, S.R. (1993) Patterns in the distribution, abundance and variability of bird populations. Ibis, 135, 209-210.

Stillman, R.A., Clutton-Brock, T.H.  & Sutherland, W.J. (1993) Black holes, mate retention and the evolution of ungulate leks. Behavioural Ecology, 4,1-6

Ahnesjö, I., Vincent, A., Alatalo, R., Halliday, T. & Sutherland, W.J. (1993) The role of females in influencing mating patterns. Behavioural Ecology, 4,187-189.

Sutherland, W.J. & Henderson, N. (1993) Global Warming. Nature, 362,200.

Sutherland, W.J. & Anderson, C.W. (1993) Predicting the distribution of individuals and the consequences of habitat loss: the role of prey depletion. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 160, 223-230.

Sutherland, W.J. & Crockford, N.J. (1993) Factors affecting the feeding distribution of red-breasted geese Branta ruficolis. Biological Conservation, 63, 61-65.


Vickery, J.A. & Sutherland, W.J. (1992) Brent geese: a conflict between conservation and agriculture. British Crop Protection Council, 50, 187-193.

Ditlhogo, M.K.M., James, R., Laurence, B.R. & Sutherland, W.J. (1992) The effect of conservation management of reed beds 1 The invertebrates. Journal of Applied Ecology, 29, 265-276 .

Sutherland, W.J. (1992) Genes map the migratory route. Nature, 360, 625-6.

Cowie, N.R., Sutherland, W.J., Ditlhogo, M.K.M. & James, R.  (1992) The effect of conservation management of reed beds 11 The flora and litter disappearance.  Journal of Applied Ecology, 29,277-284.

Sutherland, W.J. & Parker, G.A. (1992) The relationship between continuous input and interference models of ideal free distributions with unequal competitors.  Animal Behaviour, 44, 345-355.

Dolman, P.M. & Sutherland, W.J. (1992) The ecological changes of Breckland grass heaths and the consequences of management. Journal of Applied Ecology, 29, 402-413.

Laurence, B.R., Ditlhogo, M.K.M., James, R. & Sutherland, W.J. (1992) Management and the invertebrates of a Phragmites swamp at Hickling. Transactions of the Norfolk and Norwich Naturalists Society, 29, 225-132.

Sutherland, W.J. (1992) Game theory models of functional and aggregative responses. Oecologia, 90,150-152.

Alatalo, R., Lundberg, A., Höglund, J. & Sutherland, W.J. (1992) Evolution of Black grouse leks- female preferences benefit males in larger leks. Behavioral Ecology, 3, 53-59

Warren, S.M  & Sutherland, W.J. (1992) Goose populations: conservation, conflict and solutions. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 7, 71-72.


Sutherland, W.J. & Goss-Custard, J.D. (1991) Predicting the consequence of habitat loss on shorebird populations. Acta Congressus Internationalis Ornithologici, 20, 2199-2207.

Sutherland, W.J. (1991) Population biology: flying in the face of reason. Nature, 353, 211-212.

Sutherland, W.J. & De Jong, M.C.M. (1991) The evolutionarily stable strategy for secondary sexual characters. Behavioral Ecology, 2, 16-20.

Sutherland, W.J. & Allport, G.A. (1991) The distribution and ecology of naturalised egyptian geese Alopochen aegyptiacus  in Britain. Bird Study, 38, 128-134.

Mace, R. H.  & Sutherland, W. J.  (1991) Limits to stochastic dynamic programming. Behaviour and Brain Sciences, 14, 101.

Dolman, P. & Sutherland, W.J. (1991) Historical clues to conservation. New Scientist, 1751, 40-43.


Sutherland, W.J. & Stillman, R.A. (1990) Clonal growth : insights from models. pp. 95-111 in Clonal Growth in Plants: Regulation and Function. (Eds de Kroon,H. & van Groenendael, J)  SPB Publishers, Netherlands.

Sutherland, W.J. (1990) Biological flora of the British Isles. Iris pseudacorus.  Journal of Ecology, 78, 833-848.

Sutherland, W.J. & Walton, D. (1990) The changes in morphology and demography of Iris pseudacorus  at different heights on a saltmarsh. Functional Ecology, 4, 661-665.

Stillman, R.A. & Sutherland, W.J. (1990) The optimal search path in a patchy environment. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 145, 177-182.

Sutherland, W.J. (1990) The great pigeonhole in the sky. New Scientist, 1720, 73-74.

Sutherland, W.J. (1990) Foraging patterns of plants in patchy environments. pp. 45-61 In Living in Patchy Environments. (Ed Shorrocks,B &  Swingland, I.G.) Oxford University Press.

Townsend, C.R., Sutherland, W.J. & Perrow, M.R. (1990) A modelling investigation of population cycles in the fish Rutilus rutilus  (L.). Journal of Animal Ecology, 59, 469-485.

Sutherland, W.J. (1990) Evolution and fisheries. Nature, 344, 814-815.


Sutherland, W.J. (1989) Latitudinal changes in life histories. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 4, 273.

Sutherland, W.J. (1989) Unstatistical bias. Nature, 340, 498.

Sutherland, W.J. (1989) Hatching asynchrony in birds. Nature, 339, 510.


Gustaffson, L. & Sutherland, W.J. (1988) The costs of reproduction in the collared flycatcher Ficedula albicollis.   Nature, 335, 813-185.

Sutherland, W.J. (1988) The heritability of migration.  Nature, 334, 471-472.

Sutherland, W.J., Townsend, C.R. & Patmore, J.M. (1988) A test of the ideal free distribution with unequal competitors. Behavioural Ecology and Sociobiology, 23, 51-53.

Sutherland, W.J. (1988) Plant foraging behaviour. Ziggurat, 6, 16-17.

Sutherland,W.J. & Stillman, R.A. (1988) The foraging tactics of plants. Oikos, 52,239-244.

Sutherland,W.J. & Watkinson, A.R. (1988) Ecological studies of plants. Journal of Biological Education, 22, 31-36.

Sutherland, W.J. (1988) Predation may link the cycles of lemmings and arctic birds. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 3, 29-30.

Sutherland, W.J. & Gibson, C. (1988) Habitats to order. New Scientist, 1597, 70.


Sutherland, W.J. & Ens, B. (1987) The criteria determining the selection of mussels Mytilus edulis  by oystercatchers Haematopus ostralegus.  Behaviour, 103, 187-202.

Wilkinson, G.S., Clutton-Brock, T.H.,  Grafen, A.,  Harvey, P.H., Howard, R.D., Linsenmair, K.E., Poethke, H.J., Reyer, H.-U., Sutherland, W.J., Noordwijk, A.J. van, Wade, M.J. & Wirtz, P. (1987) The empirical study of sexual selection. pp. 234-245  In Bradbury, J.W. and Andersson, M.B. Ieds. Sexual Selection: Testing the Alternatives. John Wiley & Sons.

Sutherland, W.J. (1987) Random and deterministic components of variance in mating success. pp. 207-219 In Bradbury, J.W. and Andersson, M.B. eds. Sexual Selection: Testing the Alternatives. John Wiley & Sons.

Sutherland, W.J. (1987) Plant growth and foraging behaviour. Nature, 330, 18-19.

Sutherland, W.J. & Anderson, C.W. (1987) Six ways in which a foraging predator may encounter options with different variances. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 30, 99-114.

Sutherland, W.J. (1987) Why do animals specialise? Nature, 325, 483-484.


Sutherland, W.J. (1986) Search time as a basis for models of sexual selection. pp. 117-128 in Models in Ethology. (Ed R. Zayan & P. Colgan) Privat Publishers, Toulouse.

Sutherland, W.J. (1986) Oystercatcher. pp. 178-179. In: The Atlas of Wintering Birds in Britain and Ireland. (P.Lack ed.). Poyser. London.

Sutherland, W.J., Jones, D.W.F. & Hadfield, R.W. (1986) Age differences in the feeding ability of moorhens Gallinule chloropus.  Ibis, 128, 414-418.

Parker, G.A. & Sutherland, W.J. (1986) Ideal free distribution when individuals differ in competitive ability: phenotype-limited ideal free models. Animal Behaviour, 34, 1222-1242.

Sutherland, W.J. & Watkinson, A.R. (1986) Do plants evolve differently? Nature, 320, 305.

Sutherland, W.J., Grafan, A. & Harvey, P.H. (1986) Life history correlations and demography. Nature, 320, 88.

Clarkson, K.C., Eden, S.F., Sutherland, W.J. & Houston, A.I. (1986) Density dependence and magpie food hoarding. Journal of Animal Ecology, 55, 111-121.


Sutherland, W.J. (1985) Chance can produce a sex difference in variance in mating success and explain Bateman's data. Animal Behaviour, 33, 1349-1352.

Sutherland, W.J. & Parker, G.A. (1985) The distribution of unequal competitors. pp. 255-278 in Behavioural Ecology: the Ecological Consequences of Adaptive Behaviour. (R.H.Smith & R.M.Sibly eds). Blackwells.

Sutherland,  W.J. (1985) Measures of sexual selection.  Oxford Surveys in Evolutionary Biology, 2, 90-101.

Sutherland, W.J. & Moss, D. (1985) Inactivity in animals: influence of stochasticity and prey size. Behaviour, 92, 1-8


Goss-Custard, J.D. & Sutherland, W.J. (1984) Feeding specialisation in oystercatchers Haematopus ostralegus  Animal Behaviour, 32, 299-301.


Sutherland, W.J. (1983) Aggregation and the ideal free distribution. Journal of Animal Ecology, 52, 821-828.

Krebs, J.R., Stevens, D.W. & Sutherland, W.J. (1983) Perspectives in optimal foraging. pp. 165-216. In A.H. Brush & G.A. Clark (Eds). Perspectives in Ornithology. Cambridge University Press.

Sutherland, W.J. (1983) Oystercatcher food. p21-23. In: Birds of the Western Palaearctic. S. Cramp & K.E.L Simmons. (Eds) Oxford University Press.

Hill, D.A., Robertson, H.A. & Sutherland, W.J. (1983) Brown rats (Rattus norvegicus) climbing to obtain sloes and blackberries. Journal of Zoology, 200, 302.


Sutherland, W.J. (1982) Food supply and dispersal in the determination of wintering population levels of oystercatchers Haematopus ostralegus.  Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 14, 223-229.

Sutherland, W.J. & Koene, P. (1982) Field estimates of the strength of interference between oystercatchers. Oecologia, 55, 108-109.

Sutherland, W.J. (1982) Spatial variation in the predation of cockles by oystercatchers at Traeth melynog, Anglesey. II. The pattern of mortality. Journal of Animal Ecology, 51, 491-500.

Sutherland, W.J. (1982) Spatial variation in the predation of cockles by oystercatchers at Traeth Melynog, Anglesey. 1. The cockle population. Journal of Animal Ecology, 51, 481-489.

Sutherland, W.J. (1982) Do oystercatchers select the most profitable cockles? Animal Behaviour, 30, 857-861.


Sutherland, W.J. & Brooks, D.J. (1981) Territorial behaviour in little stints on spring passage. British Birds, 74, 522-523.

Sutherland, W.J. (1981) Population turnover in turnstones. SCAN ringing group report for 1980, 34-35.

Sutherland, W.J. & Brooks, D.J. (1981) The visible migration of passerines and near passerines at the Belen Pass, Southern Turkey, in autumn. Sandgrouse, 3, 87-90.


Sutherland, W.J. (1980) Why conserve estuaries? Ecos, 1, 22-24.

Sutherland, W.J. & Brooks, D.J. (1980) Autumn migration of raptors, storks, pelicans and spoonbills at the Belen Pass, Southern Turkey, in autumn. Sandgrouse, 2, 1-21.


Sutherland, W.J. & Brooks, D.J. (1979) Nest of Black-browed albatross in Shetland. British Birds, 72, 286-288.

Director of Research and formerly Miriam Rothschild Chair of Conservation Biology

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