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Department of Zoology



My research focuses on the development, photobiology and biological rhythms of marine and parasitic invertebrates with a particular emphasis on flatworms that impact human health and interests. I am currently working on the sensory biology and biological rhythms of the human blood fluke Schistosoma mansoni to understand host infection and host-parasite interactions.



Key publications: 


  • Rawlinson KA*, Reid A, Lu Z, Driguez P, Wawer A, Coghlan A, Sankaranarayanan G, Buddenborg SK, Diaz Soria CL, McCarthy C, Holroyd N, Sanders M, Wilcockson D, Hoffmann K, Collins J, Rinaldi G, Berriman M* (2021) Daily rhythms in gene expression of the human parasite Schistosoma mansoni. BMC Biology 19, 255. 

  • Lu Z, Sankaranarayanan G, Rawlinson KA, Offord V, Brindley PJ, Berriman M and Rinaldi G (2021) The transcriptome of Schistosoma mansoni developing eggs reveals key mediators in pathogenesis and life cycle propagation. Front. Trop. Dis. 2:713123. doi: 10.3389/fitd.2021.713123 

  • Diaz Soria, C.L., Lee, J., Chong, T. Tracey A, Young MD, Andrews T, Hall Cm Ng BL, Rawlinson KA, Doyle SR, Leonard S, Lu Z, Bennett HM, Rinaldi G, Newmark PA, Berriman M (2020) Single-cell atlas of the first intra-mammalian developmental stage of the human parasite Schistosoma mansoniNat Commun 116411 (2020). 

  • Rawlinson KA, Lapraz F, Ballister ER, Terasaki M, Rodgers J, McDowell RJ, Girstmair J, Criswell KE, Boldogkoi M, Simpson F, Goulding D, Cormie C, Hall BK,  Lucas RJ, Telford MJ (2019). Extraocular, rod-like photoreceptors in a flatworm express xenopsin photopigment. eLife. doi:10.7554/eLife.45465


  • Barton JA, Hutson, KS, Bourne DG, Humphrey C, Dybala C, Rawlinson KA (2019). The life cycle of the Acropora-coral eating flatworm (AEFW), Prosthiostomum acroporae; the influence of temperature and management guidelines. Frontiers in Marine Science. 6:524. doi: 10.3389/fmars.2019.00524


  • Mouahid G, Rognon A, de Carvalho AR, Driguez P, Geyer K, Karinshak S, Luviano N, Mann V, Quack T, Rawlinson KA, Wendt G, Grunau C,  Moné H (2018). Transplantation of schistosome sporocysts between host snails: a video guide. Wellcome Open Res. 3:3.


  • Egger B, Lapraz F, Tomiczek B, Müller S, Dessimoz C, Girstmair J, Škunca N, Rawlinson KA, Cameron C, Beli E, Todaro MA, Gammoudi M, Noreña C, Telford MJ (2015). A transcriptomic-phylogenomic analysis of the evolutionary relationships of flatworms. Curr. Biol. 25: 1-7.


  • Rawlinson KA (2014) The diversity, development and evolution of polyclad flatworm larvae. BMC EvoDevo 5: 9.


  • Lapraz F, Rawlinson KA, Girstmair J, Tomiczek B, Berger J, Jékely G, Telford M, Egger B (2013) Put a tiger in your tank: the polyclad flatworm Maritigrella crozieri as a proposed model for evo-devo. BMC EvoDevo 4: 29 (Highly accessed).


  • Rawlinson KA and Stella JS (2012) Discovery of the corallivorous polyclad flatworm, Amakusaplana acroporae, on the Great Barrier Reef, Australia – the first report from the wild. PLoS ONE 7: e42240.


  • Rawlinson KA, Gillis JA, Billings RE, Borneman EH (2011) Taxonomy and life history of the Acropora-eating polyclad flatworm: Amakusaplana acroporae nov. sp. (Polycladida, Prosthiostomidae). Coral Reefs 30: 693-705.


  • Rawlinson KA (2010) Embryonic and post-embryonic development of the polyclad flatworm Maritigrella crozieri; implications for the evolution of spiralian life history traits. Front. Zool. 7: 12.


  • Rawlinson KA (2008) Biodiversity of coastal polyclad flatworm assemblages in the wider Caribbean. Mar. Biol. 153: 769-778.


  • Rawlinson KA, Davenport J and Barnes DKA (2004) Diurnal vertical migration strategies with respect to advection and stratification in a semi-enclosed lough: a comparison of mero- and holozooplankton. Mar. Biol. 144: 935-946.
Other publications: 


Gillis JA, Rawlinson KA, Bell J, Lyon WS, Baker CVH, Shubin NH (2011) Holocephalan embryos provide evidence for gill arch appendage reduction and opercular evolution in cartilaginous fishes. Proc. Nat’l Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 108: 1507-1512.


Barnes DKA and Rawlinson KA (2009). Traditional coastal invertebrate fisheries in southwest Madagascar. JMBA 89: 1589-1596.


Rawlinson KA, Bolaños DM, Liana MK and Litvaitis MK (2008). Reproduction, Development and Parental Care of two direct developing flatworms (Platyhelminthes: Polycladida: Acotylea). J. Nat. Hist. 42: 2173-2192.


Rawlinson KA and Litvaitis MK (2008) Cotylea (Platyhelminthes, Polycladida): A Cladistic Analysis of Morphology. Invert. Biol. 127: 121-138.


Sims DW, Wearmouth VJ, Southall EJ, Hill J, Moore P, Rawlinson KA, Hutchinson N, Budd GC, Metcalfe JD, Nash JP and Morritt D (2006) Hunt warm, rest cool: Bioenergetic efficiency underlying diel vertical migration of a benthic shark. J. Anim. Ecol. 75: 176-190.


Rawlinson KA, Davenport J and Barnes DKA (2005) Temporal variation in diversity and community structure of a semi-isolated neuston community. Proc. Roy. Ir. Acad. 105: 107-122.


Rawlinson KA, Davenport J and Barnes DKA (2005) Tidal exchange of zooplankton between Lough Hyne and the adjacent coast. Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sci. 62: 205-215.

Janet Thornton Fellow, Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute.
Research Associate, Department of Zoology.

Contact Details

01223 497177/ 01223 334452