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Dr Lynn Dicks


I am a Research Fellow funded by the Natural Environment Research Council. I have been a NERC Knowledge Exchange Fellow, linked to the Insect Pollinators Initiative(2011-2014) and a Co-ordinating Lead Author of the IPBES Thematic assessment of pollinators, pollination and food production. I have a degree from Oxford University in Biological Sciences (1995) and a PhD from Cambridge University (2002) on the ecology of flower-visiting insects. From 2002-2009, I worked as a science writer and science communications adviser.

Research Group

Conservation Science Group:
Academic Visitor

Research Interests

I am an applied ecologist focused on sustainable management of agricultural landscapes. I work on how farmers can benefit from ecosystem services in realistic commercial contexts, and how to use scientific evidence in policy and practice. I have developed methods to compile and synthesize ecological evidence and make it useful for decision-making. I use rigorous approaches to gather expert judgement, for rapid, transparent assessment of evidence, and build user-friendly models to support farm management decisions. I work with organisations that manage the environment, in Government, the charitable sector and the food and farming industry. All my work is focused on insect pollinator conservation and ecosystem services in farmland, but the methods are widely applicable.


  • Hymenoptera
  • Insect Ecology

Collaborators outside this directory

Key Publications

  • Dicks, L.V., Wright, H.L., Ashpole, J.E., Hutchison, J., McCormack, C.G., Livoreil, B., Zulka, K.P., Sutherland, W.J. (2016) What works in conservation? Using expert assessment of summarised evidence to identify practices that enhance natural pest control in agriculture. Biodiversity and Conservation 25, 1383-1399. doi:10.1007/s10531-016-1133-7

  • Dicks, L. V., Baude, M., Roberts, S.P.M., Phillips, J., Green, M. and Carvell, C. (2015). How much flower-rich habitat is enough for wild pollinators? Answering a key policy question with incomplete knowledge. Ecological Entomology DOI: 10.1111/een.12226.


  • Batáry, P., Dicks, L. V., Kleijn, D. and Sutherland, W. J. (2015). The role of agri-environment schemes in conservation and environmental management. Conservation Biology 29: 1006-1016.


  • Sutherland, W.J., Dicks, L.V., Ockendon, N., and Smith, R.K. (2015). What Works in Conservation. OpenBook Publishers. Available at:



  • Dicks, L. V., Hodge, I., Randall, N. P., Scharlemann, J.P.W., Siriwardena, G.M., Smith, H.G., Smith, R.K., and Sutherland, W.J. (2014). A transparent process for "evidence-informed" policy making. Conservation Letters 7:119-125.


  • Pe'er, G., L. V. Dicks, P. Visconti, R. Arlettaz, A. Báldi, T. G. Benton, S. Collins, M. Dieterich, R. D. Gregory, F. Hartig, K. Henle, P. R. Hobson, D. Kleijn, R. K. Neumann, T. Robijns, J. Schmidt, A. Shwartz, W. J. Sutherland, A. Turbé, F. Wulf, and A. V. Scott. (2014). EU agricultural reform fails on biodiversity. Science 344, 1090-1092.


  • Dicks L.V., Danhardt J., James K., Jönsson A., Randall N., Showler D.A., Smith R.K., Turpie, S. Williams D., Sutherland W.J. (2014) Farmland Conservation. Evidence for the effects of interventions in northern and western Europe. Pelagic Publishing, Exeter, UK.  ISBN: 978-1-907-807-16-9. Available from:


  • Dicks L.V., Bardgett R.D. et al. (2013) What do we need to know to enhance the environmental sustainability of agriculture? A prioritisation of knowledge needs for the UK food system. Sustainability 5(7), 3095-3115 doi:10.3390/su5073095.



  • Dicks L.V., Abrahams A. et al.  (2012) Identifying key knowledge needs for evidence-based conservation of wild insect pollinators: a collaborative cross-sectoral exercise. Insect Conservation and Diversity, 6, 435-446.


  • Dicks L.V., Showler D.A., Sutherland W.J. (2010) Bee Conservation: Evidence for the effects of interventions, 1 ed. Pelagic Publishing, Exeter, UK.


  • Dicks L.V., Corbet S.A., Pywell R.F. (2002) Compartmentalization in plant-insect flower visitor webs. Journal of Animal Ecology 71, 32-43.

Other Publications


  • Gill, R. J., Baldock K. C. R., Brown M. J. F., Cresswell J. E., Dicks L. V., Fountain M. T., Garratt M. P. D., Gough L. A., Heard M. S., Holland J. M., Ollerton J., Stone G. N., Tang C. Q., Vanbergen A. J., Vogler A. P., Woodward G., Arce A. N., Boatman N. D., Brand-Hardy R., Breeze T. D., Green M., Hartfield C. M., O’Connor R. S., Osborne J. L., Phillips J., Sutton P. B., and Potts S. G. (2016). Protecting an ecosystem service: approaches to understanding and mitigating threats to wild insect pollinators. Advances in Ecological Research 54:135-206.


  • Phalan, B., Green R. E., Dicks L. V., Dotta G., Feniuk C., Lamb A., Strassburg B. B. N., Williams D. R., zu Ermgassen E. K. H. J., and Balmford A. (2016). How can higher-yield farming help to spare nature? Science 351:450-451.


  • Santangeli A., Arroyo B., Dicks L.V., Herzon I., Kukkala A.S., Sutherland W.J., Moilanen A. (2016) Voluntary non-monetary approaches for implementing conservation. Biological Conservation 197:209-214.


  • Sutherland, W. J., Broad S., Caine J., Clout M., Dicks L. V., Doran H., Entwistle A. C., Fleishman E., Gibbons D. W., Keim B., LeAnstey B., Lickorish F. A., Markillie P., Monk K. A., Mortimer D., Ockendon N., Pearce-Higgins J. W., Peck L. S., Pretty J., Rockström J., Spalding M. D., Tonneijck F. H., Wintle B. C., and Wright K. E. (2016). A horizon scan of global conservation issues for 2016. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 31:44-53.


  • Carvalheiro, L. G., J. C. Biesmeijer, G. Benadi, J. Fründ, M. Stang, I. Bartomeus, C. N. Kaiser-Bunbury, M. Baude, S. I. F. Gomes, V. Merckx, K. C. R. Baldock, A. T. D. Bennett, R. Boada, R. Bommarco, R. Cartar, N. Chacoff, J. Dänhardt, L. V. Dicks, et al. 2014. The potential for indirect effects between co-flowering plants via shared pollinators depends on resource abundance, accessibility and relatedness. Ecology Letters 17, 1389-1399.


  • Jones, A. C., A. Mead, M. J. Kaiser, M. C. V. Austen, A. W. Adrian, N. A. Auchterlonie, K. D. Black, L. R. Blow, C. Bury, J. H. Brown, G. M. Burnell, E. Connolly, A. Dingwall, S. Derrick, N. C. Eno, D. J. H. Gautier, K. A. Green, M. Gubbins, P. R. Hart, J. M. Holmyard, A. J. Immink, D. L. Jarrad, E. Katoh, J. C. R. Langley, D. O. C. Lee, L. Le Vay, C. P. Leftwich, M. Mitchell, A. Moore, A. G. Murray, E. M. R. McLaren, H. Norbury, D. Parker, S. O. Parry, D. Purchase, A. Rahman, F. Sanver, M. Siggs, S. D. Simpson, R. J. Slaski, K. Smith, M. L. Q. Syvret, C. Tibbott, P. C. Thomas, J. Turnbull, R. Whiteley, M. Whittles, M. J. Wilcockson, J. Wilson, L. V. Dicks, and W. J. Sutherland. 2014. Prioritization of knowledge needs for sustainable aquaculture: a national and global perspective. Fish and Fisheries.


  • Moilanen, A., J. Laitila, T. Vaahtoranta, L. V. Dicks, and W. J. Sutherland. 2014. Structured analysis of conservation strategies applied to temporary conservation. Biological Conservation170, 188-197.


  • Mukherjee, N., W. J. Sutherland, L. Dicks, J. Hugé, N. Koedam, and F. Dahdouh-Guebas. 2014. Ecosystem Service Valuations of Mangrove Ecosystems to Inform Decision Making and Future Valuation Exercises. PLoS ONE 9, e107706.


  • Sutherland, W. J., T. Gardner, T. L. Bogich, R. B. Bradbury, B. Clothier, M. Jonsson, V. Kapos, S. N. Lane, I. Möller, M. Schroeder, M. Spalding, T. Spencer, P. C. L. White, and L. V. Dicks. (2014). Solution scanning as a key policy tool: identifying management interventions to help maintain and enhance regulating ecosystem services. Ecology and Society 193.


  • Sutherland, W. J., T. A. Gardner, L. J. Haider, and L. V. Dicks. (2014). How can local and traditional knowledge be effectively incorporated into international assessments? Oryx 48, 1-2.


  • Walsh, J.C., Dicks, L.V. and Sutherland, W.J. (2014). The Effect of Scientific Evidence on Conservation Practitioners’ Management Decisions. Conservation Biology 29:88-98.


  • Sutherland, W. J., R. Mitchell, J. Walsh, T. Amano, M. Ausden, T. J. C. Beebee, D. Bullock, M. Daniels, J. Deutsch, R. A. Griffiths, S. V. Prior, T. Whitten, and L. V. Dicks. (2013). Conservation practice could benefit from routine testing and publication of management outcomes. Conservation Evidence 10, 1-3.


  • Sutherland, W. J., R. Aveling, T. M. Brooks, M. Clout, L. V. Dicks, L. Fellman, E. Fleishman, D. W. Gibbons, B. Keim, F. Lickorish, K. A. Monk, D. Mortimer, L. S. Peck, J. Pretty, J. Rockström, J. P. Rodríguez, R. K. Smith, M. D. Spalding, F. H. Tonneijck, and A. R. Watkinson. 2014. A horizon scan of global conservation issues for 2014. Trends in ecology & evolution 29,15-22.


  • Sutherland W.J., Bardsley S., Clout M., Depledge M.H., Dicks L.V., Fellman L., Fleishman E., Gibbons D.W., Keim B., Lickorish F., Margerison C., Monk K.A., Norris K., Peck L.S., Prior S.V., Scharlemann J.r.P.W., Spalding M.D., Watkinson A.R. (2013) A horizon scan of global conservation issues for 2013. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 28, 16-22.


  • Williams D.R., Child M.F., Dicks L.V., zu Ermgassen E.K.H.J., Pople R.G., Showler D.A., Sutherland W.J. (2013) Bird Conservation: Evidence for the effects of interventions, 1 ed. Pelagic Publishing, Exeter,UK.


  • Sutherland W.J., Aveling R., Bennun L., Chapman E., Clout M., Cote I.M., Depledge M.H., Dicks L.V., Dobson A.P., Fellman L., Fleishman E., Gibbons D.W., Keim B., Lickorish F., Lindenmayer D.B., Monk K.A., Norris K., Peck L.S., Prior S.V., Scharlemann J.P.W., Spalding M., Watkinson A.R. (2012) A horizon scan of global conservation issues for 2012. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 27, 12-18.


  • Sutherland W.J., Bardsley S., Bennun L., Clout M., Cote I.M., Depledge M.H., Dicks L.V., Dobson A.P., Fellman L., Fleishman E., Gibbons D.W., Impey A.J., Lawton J.H., Lickorish F., Lindenmayer D.B., Lovejoy T.E., Mac Nally R., Madgwick J., Peck L.S., Pretty J., Prior S.V., Redford K.H., Scharlemann J.P.W., Spalding M., Watkinson A.R. (2011) Horizon scan of global conservation issues for 2011. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 26, 10-16.


  • Sutherland W.J., Goulson D., Potts S.G., Dicks L.V. (2011) Quantifying the impact and relevance of scientific research. PLoS ONE 6(11): e27537. doi:10.1371/ journal.pone.0027537.


  • Pywell R.F., Warman E.A., Carvell C., Sparks T.H., Dicks L.V., Bennett D., Wright A., Critchley C.N.R., Sherwood A. (2005) Providing foraging resources for bumblebees in intensively farmed landscapes. Biological Conservation 121, 479-494.


  • Comba L., Corbet S.A., Hunt L., Warren B. (1999) Flowers, nectar and insect visits: Evaluating British plant species for pollinator-friendly gardens. Annals of Botany 83, 369-383.


  • Thompson H.M., Hunt L.V. (1999) Extrapolating from honeybees to bumblebees in pesticide risk assessment. Ecotoxicology 8, 147-166.